Many adolescents and young adults there are spots on the temples. This kind of acne, in which are formed papules and pustules. The first are small blisters filled with purulent contents. Often in conjunction with pustules formed papules.
Acne in the temples
If the temples appeared acne, you should visit a dermatologist. Acne – a disease of the sebaceous glands associated with impaired excretion secretion and obstruction of hair follicles. Temporal region, along with the nose, cheeks and chin often affected. All spots are divided into 2 groups: inflammatory and non-inflammatory.
Under acne involve black spots, blackheads, pustules, papules and cysts. The risk group includes young people and people with hormonal disorders. In 90% of cases of pimples on the temples appear between the ages of 12-24 years. In recent years, more and more often the problem faced by people under 35 years old. Many have feelings about their appearance. Sometimes acne can become a cause of severe depression.
The main etiological factors
Causes of acne at some temples. The most important are the following factors:
- increased production of sebum;
- the presence of follicular hyperkeratosis;
- activation of propionic bacteria;
- raising the level of androgens;
- diseases of the genital organs;
- non-observance of personal hygiene;
- lack of normal sexual life;
- endocrine pathology;
- the use of expired or low-quality cosmetics;
- thickening of skin surface layer;
- lack of retinol in the body;
- skin contact with chemicals;
- mechanical damage;
- Wearing tight hats;
- wearing long bangs;
- chronic diseases of the digestive system;
- low immunity;
If pimples appeared at the temple, the reason may lie in the use of anabolic steroids. This problem often faced by men who are actively engaged in weightlifting. The appearance of subcutaneous acne on the temples is partially due to the influence of exogenous factors. These include excessive sun exposure, hot and humid climate and the use of comedogenic cosmetics which clog pores.
Pimples on the forehead and the temples are often found in conjunction with diseases of the digestive tract. The reason – the wrong food. A risk factor is an excess in the diet of animal fats, spicy and fried foods and simple carbohydrates. The latter are contained in sweets and baked goods. Eel in the temples may indicate a violation of the gall bladder function.
Clinical manifestations of the disease
Acne is formed with the same frequency on the left temple and right. Simultaneously, the process may involve the following areas:
Acne on the temples for women and men presented papules and pustules. The first rise above the surface and have the form of nodules. They make the skin in the area of the temples uneven. The pustule represents purulent vial. They are softer and painful. Acne on the temples of men and women often do not exceed 5 mm in diameter.
Papules often regress without specific treatment. Often, they turn into pustules. Large pimples heal, leaving scars. When acne on the temples, the following symptoms:
- mild itching;
- redness of the skin;
- hair thinning;
- the appearance of blackheads.
The skin looks shiny and oily. The reason – the presence of seborrhea. Often the rash elements are found on the back of his head. Self squeezing pimples leads to infection. Acne become painful. The number of spots on the temples and cheeks is different. In mild form of acne their number does not exceed 10. In very severe cases of acne, there are over 30. A sign of acne is the same type of rash. This distinguishes this disease from other dermatological diseases.
Evaluation of patients with acne
Rash at the temples – a good reason to see a doctor. It is necessary to know not only from what may appear pimples, but also as a diagnosis. Acne can be confused with rosacea and steroid dermatitis. Diagnosis is based on visual inspection. Conducted the following studies:
- general clinical blood and urine tests;
- determining the level of testosterone, estradiol, follicle-stimulating and luteinizing hormone;
- examination of feces for the presence of dysbiosis;
- biochemical research.
The rash may appear on the background of intestinal and gastric pathology, so it may be necessary endoscopy (FEGDS). medical task – to determine why the temples pimples. It is of great importance for further treatment.
How to cure acne
Designated physician ailment as acne requires treatment. How to get rid of acne on the temples, known to every dermatologist. Appeared abscess can not squeeze as it is possible to carry infection. If possible, before the treatment is carried out sowing separated pustules on bacteria to determine the type of bacteria and their sensitivity to antibiotics.
The main aspects of therapy are as follows:
- gentle skin care;
- prevention of complications;
- antimicrobial use local and systemic effects;
- Addressing the major risk factors for the development of acne;
- use of funds, reduce sebum production;
- use of drugs that affect the keratinization of the epithelium.
If there are acne on the temples, then use alcohol solutions impractical. They lead to a breach of the barrier function of the skin and can aggravate the condition of the person. Often used cleansing cosmetics Aven Klinans and Bioderma Sebium. You need to know not only what they say acne, but what means can be used.
Therapy begins with local medication. To improve the condition of skin shown retinoids. This group includes gels Differin, Adapalene and Klenzit. These are analogues of vitamin A. They have an anti-inflammatory effect and prevent the appearance of new lesions. Often used tools such as Lokatsid cream and Retin-A.
For the treatment of acne and cheeks to the temples apply ointment based on sulfur and zinc. Very much in demand medication with benzoyl peroxide. These include Baziron speakers. It is produced as a gel for topical application. The drug is contraindicated for patients under 12 years of age and increased skin sensitivity. For treatment of skin on cheeks, temples and apply external means on the basis of azelaic acid. These include Skinoren, Aziks-Derm and Skinoklir.
They have antimicrobial and anti-proliferative effect. To reduce inflammation and redness is very good Klerasil Ultra. Vobyazatelnom order appointed antibacterial ointment. The most effective means on the basis of clindamycin and erythromycin. There is a complex drug Zener. It includes an antibiotic and zinc acetate. Wrong squeezed a pimple can cause the spread of germs. In severe cases, antibiotics need to be taken orally.
Each experienced doctor known causes and treatment of acne in the temples. Women can be assigned hormones (androgens). hardware therapies are widely used. They are effective only in the early stages when there are comedones on the skin. To eliminate rough scarring can be carried out and scrub exfoliation.
Acne can be squeezed out by yourself. To accelerate this process and eliminate the inflammatory reaction used traditional medicines. When the temples acne using such means as:
- Brewer’s yeast;
- tincture of calendula;
- mixture based on grated apple, honey and yogurt;
- egg white with lemon;
- grated carrots with lemon and vegetable oil;
- green clay;
- White clay;
- juice of aloe.
Some patients helps tar soap. Good effect of tea tree oil. Acne in the temples can mean that a person has a problem with the stomach, intestine and gall bladder. In this case, the treatment involves the removal of the underlying pathology. Of great importance is the right food. It is necessary to take time off from the roast, fat and sweets. The diet should prevail fruits, vegetables, fish and dairy products. Young people need to normalize sexual activity.
Measures for the prevention of acne
Acne in the temples can be prevented. Prophylaxis should be started since adolescence. Primary activities include:
- the non-use cosmetics, clogging the pores;
- regularly washing your face with cool water;
- the rejection of a long sunbeds and a long stay on the beach;
- proper nutrition;
- avoiding the use of oil products for the face;
- Treatment of diseases of the digestive system;
- maintaining a healthy lifestyle.
An important aspect of prevention is the treatment of hyperhidrosis. The skin condition depends on lifestyle. To prevent acne need to spend more time outdoors and less sit at the TV and computer. facial skin should always be clean. For the prevention of infection need to wash their hands regularly.
Of great importance is the normalization of hormonal levels. It is necessary to prevent or treat in a timely manner available endocrine diseases. It is necessary to abandon hormonal drugs, contraceptives, and anabolic steroids. Acne in the temporal area are a common problem of young people, but get rid of them as possible.