Chemical or physical peeling, contraindications to which must be taken into account before performing procedures, are non-invasive cosmetic procedures. Although the effect of them, and most importantly the rehabilitation period after some types of exfoliation, is comparable to the restoration of the skin after plastic surgery or thread lifting. By provoking the destruction of the epidermal layers, many acid and hardware peels have a number of restrictions for performing procedures that clients of cosmetology clinics and beauty salons need to know about.
Importance of Contraindication
With multiple aesthetic benefits, peels create extreme conditions for the skin. Whatever the method of exfoliation, it is aimed at artificially destroying the outer surface of the epidermis. Cosmetic compositions based on natural or synthesized acids, as well as enzymes, cause a real chemical burn of the skin. Hardware techniques, among which the most popular are laser or diamond resurfacing, as well as gas-liquid treatment, remove dead skin cells, exposing young and susceptible skin.
On the one hand, the provoked damage to the stratum corneum causes the skin to respond by accelerated recovery. The deeper layers of the dermis produce their own hyaluronic acid and collagen fibers, improves their blood supply, respiration and saturation of tissues with useful trace elements. Natural regeneration leads to the fact that the result of peeling is a visual rejuvenation of the face, improving the color and microrelief of the skin, getting rid of annoying defects in the form of pigmentation, scars and inflammations.
On the other hand, working only on the surface of the skin, physical or chemical peeling of the face causes an immune response of the whole organism. Destruction of a part of the protective barrier is perceived by the body as a threat. During the healing of the skin in an enhanced mode, not only the circulatory, but also the endocrine system of the body works. Peelings activate the production of antibodies to block skin infections, enhance intercellular metabolism and increase the sensitivity of the skin to external factors. Therefore, it is impossible to perform the exfoliation procedure during the illness or immediately after it.
When deciding on a peeling procedure, contraindications, which are general and individual, consult with a cosmetologist or therapist about the possibility of performing the procedure. Superficial exfoliation rarely causes side effects, but after median or deep peeling, even long-standing diseases of the cardiovascular or immune system can provoke complications.
Among the contraindications for peeling, not only chronic or oncological pathologies are distinguished. Individual intolerance to acids, enzymes, or laser beams is also an indisputable prohibition of exfoliation. Before peeling, the cosmetologist clarifies whether the client has general contraindications to the procedure, as well as symptoms of dermatological and cardiovascular diseases.
General prohibitions for exfoliation
Superficial exfoliation is considered gentle and slightly traumatic. During it, only a dense horny layer of the epidermis is exposed, from which the skin can free itself. Skin regeneration after superficial procedures takes a maximum of 3-5 days, so there are practically no serious contraindications for easy face peeling.
The situation with middle and deep exfoliation is much more complicated. The concentration of acid compositions for such chemical procedures is higher, which means that the scale of skin damage is more serious. A severe burn of the epidermis and some layers of the dermis turns into a long rehabilitation period, during which skin reactions to peeling can be unpredictable. Therefore, chemical peeling of the face with median and deep penetration into the skin cells of the peeling agent has many more contraindications than surface exposure.
Common restrictions for all types of peelings are:
- planned or onset of pregnancy;
- the period of breastfeeding;
- exacerbation of the herpes virus;
- acute respiratory infections and viral infections;
- increase in general body temperature;
- burns, abscesses, abrasions, scratches and cracks in the face;
- a period of high solar activity (from March to October).
Contradictions about whether pregnancy, especially in the early stages, are a categorical contraindication to peeling, still exist. It is widely believed that the chemical components of peeling formulations can penetrate the general bloodstream of the mother and child, and thereby affect the normal formation of the fetus. On the other hand, the concentration of acids in peeling products is so small that its action is enough only to violate the integrity of the skin.
Beauticians agree that some types of mild superficial exfoliation during pregnancy are acceptable. They will not affect the health of the child, and the future mother will make more beautiful. A woman in a position needs to refrain from median, and even more deep, peelings. Changes in the hormonal background during pregnancy can provoke an unpredictable skin reaction to chemical or hardware procedures.
During breastfeeding, a woman may suffer from the appearance of small pimples and age spots on her face. Chemical peelings, indications of which include these aesthetic flaws, help in solving similar problems during an 1-2 session. But during lactation in young mothers, cosmetologists also prefer to refrain from performing peelings. On the one hand, there is a risk that a small part of the acid will pass into the mother’s milk and be passed on to the baby. On the other hand, the level of hormones in women after childbirth is normalized within six months, which means that chemical peels can add only appearance defects.
The appearance of foci of herpes, especially on the lips, indicates that the body’s immunity is weakened. Herpetic vesicles in themselves cause discomfort: soreness, itching and swelling of the tissues. Peeling during an exacerbation of the herpes virus can not only increase pain in the area of rashes, but also prolong the treatment of ulcers.
ARVI, ARI, fever
During seasonal diseases, especially if you feel their classic symptoms, it is better to abandon serious cosmetic procedures. The body’s forces for colds or flu are aimed at combating infection, so it will be many times more difficult to recover from peeling weakened skin cells during this period.
Wounds, abrasions and ulcers
Scratches, cracks or inflamed abscesses on the skin make you think about the advisability of peeling at this time. Acid composition or abrasive, having fallen on an open wound, firstly, will cause pain, and secondly, can lead to the development of a subcutaneous infection, which can be eliminated only with antibiotics.
Solar activity season
Sun rays are a contraindication for almost all types of exfoliation. Young skin, injured by ultraviolet light, in most cases responds with bright hyperpigmentation. Therefore, peelings are recommended to be performed during a period of low solar activity from late October to early March.
Sometimes cosmetologists and doctors include couperosis, a network of dilated capillaries, which becomes visible through the skin and protrudes to its surface as common contraindications for exfoliation. At the same time, there are some types of peelings, for example, retinoic or azelaic, for which rosacea is a direct indication.
Who still can not do peeling
In addition to general prohibitions, which are mostly temporary, there are serious contraindications to chemical peeling and hardware exfoliation, which make the procedure impossible.
- persistent allergic reaction of the skin to the ingredients of the peeling agent, abrasive particles or light radiation;
- dark-skinned or dark skin: as a result of peeling procedures, the skin of black people lose the ability to normal pigmentation;
- pathology of the cardiovascular and circulatory systems;
- kidney failure;
- diseases of the liver and thyroid gland;
- skin tendency to form keloid scar tissue;
- the presence of large birthmarks and papillomas in the peeling area;
- oncological diseases;
- symptoms of dermatological diseases: psoriasis, eczema, dermatitis, urticaria, lupus erythematosus, etc .;
The detection of contraindications for exfoliation may be a serious argument in favor of its abolition. Neglect of prohibitions in the best case will not allow achieving the desired aesthetic effect, in the worst – it will cause a lot of cosmetic and financial problems. Therefore, on the eve of a course of peeling procedures, take the time to consult with a therapist about individual limitations and general health.