Enzymatic peeling at home is easy for every woman to do, even if she does not have cosmetological knowledge and skills. It does not require special equipment or cosmetologist control. Light and professional compositions for self-exfoliation can be freely purchased in stores, and not be afraid that peeling with enzymes will result in complications or side effects. The enzyme procedure, being a gentle and natural way of cleansing, will help even problematic, sensitive and dark skin.
Differences in enzyme peeling
Enzyme peeling was created specifically for lovers of cosmetic procedures with sensitive, problematic and dark skin. Holders of thin, inflamed or naturally dark skin in most cases can not experience the charms of acid or abrasive exfoliation, even the surface type. For their appearance, the aggressive effects of chemical compounds, such as retinol or phytin, as well as hardware techniques, such as throwing or gas-liquid peeling, are detrimental. Together with aesthetic pleasure, thin-skinned and dark-skinned women, from traditional peels, get allergies, even more irritation or pigmentation.
Enzyme peelings allowed us to solve the problem of restrictions comprehensively. On the one hand, mild cosmetic formulations for enzymatic exfoliation do not harm sensitive, dark and problematic skin, even prone to rosacea or rosacea. On the other hand, enzyme procedures are so safe and simple that they can be performed at home and not be afraid of side effects. This allows you to significantly save on visiting salons without compromising on beauty.
Gentle exfoliation of dead cells with oily, dark, sensitive and prone to inflammation of the skin was made possible thanks to special bioantiseptics that form the basis of enzyme peeling. Proteases, natural enzymes of plant origin, have an effect on the skin similar to acid and abrasive cleansing. Therefore, the second, more famous, name of enzymatic peeling is enzymatic. Enzymes in enzyme peeling are similar to those involved in the physiological processes of the human body. But unlike digestion, peeling protein compounds work on the surface of the skin.
Enzyme particles are able to break down not only vital substances inside the body and convert them into other compounds, but also dissolve the dead skin layer of the epidermis without damaging the sensitive dermis. Enzymes act as good keratolytics and exfoliate dead skin cells, stimulating the formation of new ones.
Enzyme peeling is ideal for women with sensitive skin, which is regularly exposed to stress and negative effects from the outside. Also, home peeling with enzymes is suitable for those who suffer from inflammatory rashes, acne or sagging skin. And for dark-skinned women, enzymatic peeling is one of the few options available for rejuvenation, given that median and deep exfoliation is contraindicated for them.
Enzymes for rejuvenation
The basis of enzymatic peeling are plant, animal and bacterial enzymes. These low-concentrated components break down epidermal “debris” on the surface of the skin, as well as soothe and disinfect it, relieving inflammation and swelling. Skin rejection and deep cleansing of clogged pores reduce the risk of post-peeling complications.
- Bromelain is a plant enzyme found in pineapple, papaya, and wild lemon. The bromelain component in peels dissolves the stratum corneum of the epithelium, disinfects the skin, increasing its immunity to the development of bacterial infections. Bromelain relieves puffiness, treats acne and acne;
- Papain is a plant enzyme found in fruits, stem and stem juice, as well as melon tree leaves (papaya). The peeling papain enzyme exfoliates the dead epidermis and regulates the production of skin sebum. Having an antibacterial effect, papain is a good prophylaxis of acne, comedones and miliums, while stimulating the formation of collagen and elastin filaments;
- Sorbain is a complex plant enzyme obtained by enzymatic mixing of lemon and this tree. The sorbain component in peeling helps lighten problem skin, relieve inflammation and even out texture;
- Arbutin is a plant enzyme derived from blueberry, lingonberry and bearberry leaves. Arbutin enzyme smoothes the micro-relief of the skin and acts as a natural “bleach” for freckles and age spots. In cosmetology, the effect of arbutin is compared with the effect of coy exfoliation;
- Actinidin is a plant enzyme secreted from kiwi fruits. Actinidin as part of peeling stimulates blood flow in the skin and relieves it of hypoxia, improving the absorption of oxygen molecules;
- Ficin is a plant enzyme made from the milky juice of figs. Ficin enzyme helps dissolve the stratum corneum of the epidermis, disinfecting the skin and promoting its deep regeneration;
- Trypsin is an enzyme of animal origin from the pancreas of cows and bulls. The trypsin component relieves puffiness and inflammation, cleans the pores of the remains of sebum and microwaxes, normalizes the production of sebum and sweat, and serves to prevent pimples and black spots;
- Pancreatin is an animal enzyme derived from pork pancreas. Pancreatin as a part of the peeling acts as a good keratolytic and helps release the skin from toxins;
- Lysozyme is an animal enzyme secreted from egg white. The enzyme, the second name of which is muramidase, has an antiseptic and decongestant effect, helps to cleanse and smooth the epidermis after peeling;
- Pepsin is an enzyme of animal origin, secreted from the inner lining of the stomach of pigs, as well as cattle and small cattle. Helps to convert protein molecules into peptides, free skin from impurities and refresh their shade.
In addition to plant and animal enzymes, enzymatic peeling products use active bacterial components. Travase is an enzyme produced by the Hay bacillus, which loosens and brightens problem skin. And subtilisin is an enzyme that is also a product of the life of hay bacillus. The sibtilizine component of the peeling relieves inflammation and enhances the effect of papain.
Indications and effectiveness of the procedure
Enzyme peeling is suitable for any type of skin, even for the most demanding and moody. In addition to the anti-aging effect, the enzymatic procedure has a therapeutic effect and is especially recommended for:
- reduce inflammation and irritation on problem skin;
- getting rid of comedones, miliums, and acne symptoms on oily and combination skin;
- removal of excessive oily skin;
- lightening freckles and light brown age spots, especially after prolonged tanning in the sun or in the solarium;
- getting rid of signs of photoaging;
- smoothing facial and first age wrinkles;
- alignment of the microrelief of tuberous and loose skin;
- narrowing and deep cleansing of pores;
- normalization of the production of skin sebum with sebaceous glands;
- preventative skin care;
- moisturizing dry and sensitive skin, prone to peeling;
- skin cleansing with symptoms of rosacea and rosacea;
- exfoliation of dark skin.
Among the contraindications for enzymatic peeling, cosmetologists distinguish dermatological diseases in the acute stage (for example, eczema, lupus, urticaria or vitiligo), contact dermatitis, individual allergic reactions to enzymes, hypersensitivity to ultraviolet radiation, herpetic eruptions and open wounds in the area of action of the peeling drug.
Instructions for home peeling
In chemical terms, enzyme peeling has nothing to do with acid exfoliation, but the mechanism of enzyme action on the face, and, consequently, the stages of the peeling procedure are similar in both cases. Performing enzymatic peeling at home, prepare everything necessary for the session in advance and read the instructions for the peeling composition.
- a week before enzymatic peeling, it is advisable to pre-peel the skin. To do this, dense keratinized epidermis must be loosened with any natural scrub. On oily and problem skin, scrubbing agents should be used with caution, avoiding unnecessary injury. For greasy skin, a scrub based on crushed coffee beans is suitable, for combined skin scrubs with small particles of sugar or sea salt. Sensitive skin is better to clean with soft gommazh without hard abrasives;
- The ideal time for enzymatic peeling is Friday evening, so that you have the opportunity to stay at home for two days off and give your skin time for rehabilitation;
- before peeling, make-up removal and skin cleansing from accumulated impurities. To do this, wash yourself with gel or foam and gently pat your face with a bath towel;
- peeling enzyme is applied to the face with a wide brush from the forehead to the chin, avoiding the delicate skin around the eyes and lips;
- the enamel mask must be covered either with a towel dampened in warm water, or with cling film with holes for the nose and lips;
- the duration of the enzyme peeling preparations is approximately the same from 10 to 25 minutes, depending on the indications;
- when the exposure time of the peeling composition expires, the product is washed off with running water. If the enzymatic peeling is multicomponent and in addition to enzymes contains concomitant acids, the preparation must be washed off with a special alkaline neutralizer. This will help avoid chemical burns to the skin.
At the end of enzymatic peeling, the skin of the face must be moisturized or soothing with a mask according to the type of skin. The day after exfoliation, the skin may turn red and begin to peel off. This is a normal reaction, which indicates that the procedure was performed correctly.
Within 2-3 days after peeling, minimize contact with the face and wash only with mild products: foams, gels or cleansing toners without alcohol. Refuse for a while from use of decorative cosmetics, especially primers, tonal bases and powder. Before each going out for a week, apply sunscreen on your face.
Delicate and gentle preparations for enzymatic peeling at home do not contain synthesized acids or abrasives that injure the skin. Therefore, it is possible to perform mild enzymatic procedures often – they do not require a two-week recovery period and do not cause complications. In enzymatic exfoliation, cosmetologists recommend the following scheme: on oily, combination and problematic skin, peeling is performed 2-3 once a week, on normal – 1-2 once a week, on sensitive, dry and dark – 1 times in 10 days. The course of enzyme procedures can consist of 4-6 peels.