Peeling with fish until recently was only one of the most popular and affordable entertainment for tourists in the resort cities of eastern countries. Aquariums with light gray fish are found everywhere on the streets of Turkey, Thailand and Vietnam. Nowadays, exotic manicure and pedicure by Garra Rufa fish is available in almost all large spa salons and cosmetology centers in Russia. Peeling of the face and body by small marine life ends with pleasure and relaxation, and not with a long period of rehabilitation. What you need to know in order for fish exfoliation to be a pleasure, not a disappointment from the money spent.
Interesting about fish-doctors Garra Rufa
Fish that make peelings of legs, arms, elbows or the whole body are known in the world under the name Garra Rufa, which in Turkish means “fish-doctor”. This definition is justified: in the salivary secretion of fish, there are special trace elements that heal damaged skin and contribute to their renewal. Away from humans, these babies live in symbiosis with whales; their main task in such a “neighborhood” is to cleanse a giant mammal of pollution.
Most often, peeling fish are found off the coast of the Middle East near Turkey, Syria or Iran. Sometimes Garra Rufa is found off the coast of Thailand and Vietnam. Despite the fact that in the international classification the doctor fish belongs to cyprinids, outwardly it remotely resembles a leech. Exotic fish has the same large mouth, located between two convex eyes. Garra Rufa sticks to the skin of a person with soft jaws and feeds on dead skin cells of the epidermis. Unlike leeches, “communication” with such fish gives only pleasure and tickling – the fish’s mouth is devoid of teeth, therefore Garra Ruf peeling is absolutely painless and non-traumatic.
Despite its small size – about 10-12 centimeters – medical fish are demanding in care. They can live only in pure salt water, the temperature regime of which varies in the range of 33 degrees. Warm water, which fish love, is comfortable for cosmetic procedures. In marine conditions, Garra Ruffa eat plankton or particles of whale skin, but dead skin cells become a special “treat” for babies.
In gratitude for the opportunity to satisfy hunger with particles of obsolete skin, fish rejuvenate human skin and help cope with some dermatological diseases. Exotic fish saliva contains dithranol and enzymes – natural enzymes that have antiseptic properties and help “loosen” the dense keratinized layer of the skin.
The treatment and rejuvenation of the skin with the help of antibacterial and regenerating secretions contained in the saliva of Garra Ruf is highly appreciated in the countries of the East and Europe. In recent years, fish peeling has become popular in Russia. In almost every Russian metropolis there are specialized “fish” beauty salons.
Ichthyotherapy is one of the first in the list of popular services of SPA salons and cosmetology centers. Sessions of such peeling can be a pleasure even for owners of sensitive skin. However, real and future fans of peeling fish need to be on the lookout: dishonest owners of fish centers both in Russia and in the southern resorts save on the purchase of real fish Garra Rufa. Original medical fish are quite expensive, their maintenance requires appropriate training of personnel. Therefore, the leaders of some salons prefer to purchase their affordable “counterparts” – Chinese fish “chin-chin.”
Toothy “chin-chin” outwardly resemble fish-healers: they also have a large mouth, antennae, and feed on the skin of a person, but bite live tissue together with keratinized ones. Therefore, peeling fish “fake” can cause difficult discomfort, but also pain. Before diving into an aquarium with doctor fish, make sure that they are actually Turkish Garra Rufa, and not their dangerous counterparts. The tail of the original doctor fish has a reddish hue, in a calm state they swim in flocks at the bottom of the pool.
The benefits and results of ichthyotherapy
Ichthyotherapy sessions are unique in their multifunctionality: fish peeling can be used both for cosmetic and medical purposes. This is the only surface peeling that can be called not only soft, but also pleasant. Unlike mild mechanical or chemical exfoliation, peeling of the face or body with fish does not have side effects, because it does not cause allergic reactions and does not affect living skin cells.
On the eve of peeling, exotic baby fish are kept on a special “diet”. Therefore, during a session of Garr Rough, not a single piece of dead tissue is passed through, but literally works as biological “vacuum cleaners”. But even, despite their appetite, during peeling, the fish can not violate the integrity of the skin and touch the deep epidermal layers. Their soft jaws have a small antennae, which, when in contact with the skin, have a micro-massage effect: the blood circulation in the peeling area improves, the tissues receive additional nutrition and good cleansing from the dead “crust”. The enzymes that make up the saliva of a fish penetrate skin softened with warm water, increasing its tone, rejuvenating and improving color.
Without missing a single dead cell, healing fish help the skin microrelief smooth and renew: after peeling, fine wrinkles disappear, scars and scars become softer and invisible. In addition, small marine doctors help to cope with many dermatological diseases, including fungal infections of nails and soft tissues, psoriasis and eczema.
Direct indications for peeling small fish Garra Rufa:
- mycoses of nails and skin of the legs and hands;
- allergic dermatitis;
- psoriasis and eczema (skin rash);
- hyperkeratosis (excessive formation of the stratum corneum of the epidermis);
- neurodermatitis (allergic rashes against the background of stress and nervous excitability);
- ichthyosis (a genetic disease of the skin associated with a violation of the formation of the stratum corneum);
- acne, comedones;
- lichen planus;
- dry skin ulcers;
- a network of fine wrinkles on the face;
- roughening of the skin on the body.
Despite the harmlessness of the procedure, peeling with Garra Rufa fish has several significant contraindications:
- oncological diseases of the skin and internal organs;
- thrombophlebitis and varicose veins;
- open scratches, abrasions, wounds and cuts on the skin;
- exacerbation of the herpes virus;
- lupus erythematosus, characterized by pathological changes in blood vessels and connective tissues;
- forms of psoriasis, characterized by itching and pain at the site of skin lesion.
Peeling on different parts of the body
The fish peeling procedure lasts no more than 20 minutes. At the beginning of the session, the client of the SPA center needs to decide what part of the body he wants to free from the “crust” of dead cells. It can be only hands, then the fish will carefully perform manicure, legs for a fish pedicure, face or the whole body. During a peeling session with careful fish, it is advisable not to make sudden movements in the aquarium, but simply relax. And then the neat Garra Rufa will conscientiously do their job of removing the dead epidermis.
Fish exfoliation of the face is a rare but useful procedure. Micro-massage Garra Rufa rejuvenates thin skin, nourishing it with enzymes. As a result of peeling, small folds become less noticeable, “black dots” disappear, and the complexion is evened out.
Clinical foot peeling is often requested by spa clients. Ichthyotherapy helps to get rid of coarse corns and corns, foot and nail fungi, and also to make heels smooth and velvety.
Body peeling by fish-doctors is aimed more at general relaxation from massage than at cleansing the skin or, especially, losing weight. In a third of an hour, the fish will not have time to release all the skin from excess epidermis and pollution, but they will definitely give pleasure from the procedure.
Many believe that fish-SPA is an unhygienic procedure, because fish are carriers of various skin infections. Indeed, it is impossible to ensure the complete sterility of the peeling session with fish. You can filter out the water in the aquarium or sanitize the skin of clients before the procedure, but it is impossible to disinfect the little doctors themselves. Therefore, “fish” exfoliation is prohibited in some European countries and US states. However, to date there is not a single proven fact of skin infection after contact with Garra Ruf. Much higher than the probable infection after peeling with their toothy “brothers” of the rank, which bite the cells of living tissue and thereby spread the disease.