We open the peeling season correctly! According to experts, the course of cleaning procedures should ideally begin from October to March, when the sun’s rays are not so scorching, respectively, the risk of complications is less. Plus, by the summer, the integument will be completely restored, and you will look perfect. To achieve maximum results without unpleasant consequences, it is necessary to choose the optimal method of cleansing from the whole variety, as well as properly prepare the skin before the intended procedure.
The benefits of skin peeling
Peeling is one of the most popular cosmetic procedures. With the help of special equipment and chemical compositions, exfoliation of dead cells is performed, which impede the normal functioning and “breathing” of the skin.
After the peeling course, you will find a number of positive changes:
- deep cleansing of the skin occurs;
- pores are exempted from sebaceous plugs, the problem of black dots, comedones is resolved;
- the relief of the surface of the face is leveled;
- wrinkles, scars, acne and various irregularities of the skin become less noticeable or even smoothed out;
- the work of the sebaceous glands stabilizes, the oily sheen disappears;
- cases of acne, acne are reduced;
- the shade of the face is normalized, freshness and healthy radiance appear;
- aging and withering of the skin slows down, age-related changes are corrected;
- the problem of dryness and peeling of the epidermis disappears;
- lightening of age spots, freckles occurs.
Peelings are an important step in skin care. They can be performed to eliminate a specific problem or to prevent early aging of the integument.
Only a properly selected method of cleansing, compliance with the technique and rules of post-peeling care can guarantee a quick solution to skin imperfections. To perform the peeling, cosmetologists recommend contacting specialists; independent procedures can only do harm.
What cleansing to choose
The variety of peelings nowadays allows you to most delicately, quickly and effectively get rid of facial imperfections, correct visible defects and imperfections.
When choosing a purification technique, several factors are taken into account:
- skin type (dry, oily, combination, problem and others);
- immediate problem, defect (wrinkles, pigmentation, acne and others);
- customer age
- the presence of contraindications;
- individual characteristics of the patient’s condition.
All peelings can be divided into 4 groups:
- mechanical – cleaning is carried out with abrasive particles, brushes and special nozzles. Such procedures include microdermabrasion, dermabrasion, as well as cleansing with scrubs;
- hardware – the skin is cleaned using ultrasound, a laser, low-frequency current, radio waves and other physical factors. For cleaning, special equipment is required. The cosmetologist can adjust the exposure parameters depending on the sensitivity of the skin area and the degree of the problem that bothers the client;
- chemical – the most popular type of purification. To eliminate the disadvantages, mainly acids are used. After a short-term exposure to the chemical composition on the surface of the face, a controlled tissue burn occurs. After some time, the damaged fibers exfoliate, giving way to renewed skin;
- enzymatic – based on the effects of enzymes. The harmoniously selected composition of the product guarantees gentle, superficial cleansing of the integument, stabilizes the work of epidermal cells and glands, refreshes and transforms the face.
Peelings are also classified by depth (intensity) of exposure:
- superficial – affect only the stratum corneum of the epidermis. Used at a young age or as a preparation for more complex cosmetic procedures;
- median – a more complex type of cleansing, all layers of the epidermis are involved. Such cleanings are recommended for patients after 40 years or if indicated;
- deep – the most responsible and difficult option to cleanse the skin. Using a laser or a highly concentrated acid, the cosmetologist acts on the deepest layers of the skin, reaching the papillary layer. The procedure is painful and performed with anesthesia, but the final result will pleasantly surprise: the face looks 10 – 15 years younger. Deep peels are performed in adulthood, after 50 years.
When choosing the type of cleansing, the condition of the integument, as well as the presence of contraindications, is taken into account. It is unacceptable to carry out peeling with allergies to the funds used, so as not to impair the patient’s health. Therefore, do not be surprised if a cosmetologist requires a full medical examination before a middle or deep peeling.
6 rules of pre-training
To avoid deterioration of the skin condition, the development of post-peeling complications, it is important to properly prepare for the scheduled cleaning.
Pre-peeling preparation is required for deep types of cleansing and may include:
- The use of special cosmetics (especially relevant for superficial and median acid peels) is used to soften the stratum corneum of the epidermis and promotes deeper penetration of exfoliant during peeling. The composition of cosmetic products includes acids that will be used in further purification.
- Receiving antiviral drugs (required for deep and median peeling). After the cleansing procedure, the protective properties of the skin are noticeably weakened, so the resistance to various infections is reduced. Even a slight rash of herpes can leave ugly scars and scars. In order to prevent such troubles, cosmetologists recommend some time before peeling and after drinking antiviral drugs, as well as vitamin complexes.
- Superficial peeling before deep cleansing. Preliminary cleaning will provide a more pronounced and lasting result of the subsequent procedure. Conducting deep peels is important after the final restoration of the integument.
- Medical examination. In no case should a cosmetic procedure impair health and adversely affect the functioning of organs and systems of the patient’s body as a whole. To prevent such troubles, cosmetologists carefully study the condition of the client, his chronic diseases and analyze the risk of complications. The presence of at least one contraindication limits the conduct of the selected method of purification.
- Performing an allergic reaction test and skin sensitivity to the product used. This is an important and crucial moment in pre-peeling preparation. It eliminates irritation of the integument, complex allergic reactions and prolongation of the rehabilitation process after peeling.
- Compliance with the right lifestyle and a number of other simple recommendations. For example, before the procedure, you can not sunbathe, take retinoids and some medications that can enhance the effect of the used peeling agent. The patient should feel good and take maximum care to increase immunity.
Please note that properly prepared skin for peeling is the key to effective and safe cleansing, as well as quick and hassle-free restoration of integuments after the procedure.
Facial care after peeling
Peeling is stress and trauma to the integument, so after cleansing (especially chemical) the skin needs special care. After peeling, in most cases, active peeling begins (as after a sunburn), so skin regeneration is expressed. Redness of the integument (erythema) and mild swelling in the eye area are also considered a normal reaction. Acne, irritation, excessive marbling of the skin, as well as various kinds of suppuration – these are unacceptable phenomena, which you should immediately notify your doctor.
In order to facilitate and accelerate the restoration of the integument after undergoing cleansing, it is important to ensure competent facial treatment. Keep in mind that the deeper the exposure, the more requirements for post-peeling care.
The main rules for facial after peeling include:
- Until the damaged fibers are completely restored, trips to the bathhouse, sauna, pool or solarium, sports and increased physical activity, the use of alcoholic drinks and spicy foods, tanning and sunbathing are strictly prohibited.
- Touch your face minimally in the early days to prevent infection in open wounds. Moisturizing, healing sprays will help to avoid contact with the skin.
- Use only those cosmetic and medical preparations that the cosmetologist has attributed. Self-medication can complicate the situation and delay rehabilitation. In addition, cosmetics must be hypoallergenic and as natural as possible, without chemical fragrances and acids. After peeling, skin sensitivity increases and even an allergic reaction to previously used face care products is possible.
- Try not to apply makeup on your face for as long as possible. Ideally, wait for the end of the rehabilitation period.
- Use sunscreen during rehabilitation and 3 – 6 months after it. So, you will weaken the negative effect of solar ultraviolet radiation on renewed fibers and prevent the appearance of age spots.
- Do not peel the crusts and films formed on the face so that there are no scars.
- Carefully monitor the slightest changes on the face and if unusual symptoms occur, consult a specialist.
To achieve maximum resolution of the problem and a more lasting effect, peelings are carried out in courses. The frequency and number of procedures is determined by the beautician. Be prepared for the fact that the course of surface peelings can be 4 – 8 procedures, and middle ones – 3 – 5 sessions.
Most peelings are recommended in the cold season, starting in late autumn and ending in February-March. So you reduce the risk of skin pigmentation and can go to sea in the summer season. For those who still decided to clean in the summer, be prepared to spend hot days at home.
Listen to your beautician and be sure that the path to skin excellence is open for you! Beauty and health to you!