How to prepare the skin for peeling excites most women who decide to tidy their face with exfoliation. The effect of peeling and the likelihood of complications depend on the correct and timely preparation. The choice of suitable doping measures is determined by the method of exfoliation (physical or chemical effects) and the penetration depth of the peeling preparation or technique (superficial, median or deep peeling). What you need to know in order to get the desired result from peeling and not encounter side effects.
Why is it important to prepare for peelings
Peeling procedures have one common goal – to release the skin from a dense layer of dead cells and stimulate the internal processes of natural rejuvenation. The synthesis of keratin – the protective epidermal surface of the skin – occurs continuously. Without peeling, the skin itself discards obsolete particles, but this process is delayed and inhibits regeneration. Without cosmetic help, the complexion fades, the skin thickens, the pores become clogged with the remnants of skin sebum and impurities, which provokes the growth of bacteria in the tubules of the hair follicles and inflammation.
In a week, various peels help get rid of dead skin epithelium, give the skin the opportunity to “breathe”, receive nutrition and completely renew. Acid, hardware or mechanical effects on the skin are a special and controlled violation of its integrity to activate recovery.
Injury to the skin by acids, ultrasonic or laser waves, abrasives or brushes leads to the cleansing of the surface layer and stimulation of the production of collagen and elastin threads for the construction of a new “frame”. Peeling helps thin the dead epidermis, but strengthens the dermis by increasing blood flow, the formation of springs of protein fibers and molecules of hyaluronic acid. Therefore, as a result of exfoliation, tarnished and loose skin with many imperfections is replaced by smoothness, a healthy complexion and the absence of blackheads.
The densified superficial epidermis exfoliates differently during peeling. Hardware and abrasive techniques allow you to gently polish dead skin, acid and enzyme peels “dissolve” dead skin. Therefore, preparation for peeling depends on the type of exfoliation.
Home or salon pre-peeling preparation helps:
- to loosen and smooth the keratinized epidermis, so that the acid composition for peeling will act evenly;
- reduce the risk of side effects and complications, which include acne, age spots and erythema;
- activate the immunity of the skin and the ability to regenerate.
Beautician consultation – general preparation stage
The first stage of doping skin preparation, regardless of what exfoliation will be performed in the future, is consultation with a professional cosmetologist. This step is especially important if you are new to peeling for the first time.
At the initial consultation, the doctor will assess the condition of the skin, determine their type, sensitivity and indications for peeling. Then the cosmetologist will find out if the patient has bans for exfoliation, which include chronic and dermatological diseases, oncology, pregnancy, the lactation period, open wounds on the skin and exacerbation of the herpes virus. Do not forget to warn a specialist about the systemic intake of hormonal drugs, antibiotics and other medicines. It will also affect the choice of peeling and the possibility of its implementation.
After the cosmetologist collects the data for the anamnesis and the results of laboratory tests (if they were necessary), the patient is selected with the appropriate type of peeling in depth and type. The doctor will tell you how to prepare the skin for exfoliation, how the session will take place, what consequences should be expected immediately after the procedure, and what will be the effect after rehabilitation. At the same time, the specialist will decide on the need for application anesthesia.
For surface types of acidic and physical peels, as well as enzymatic exfoliation, special preparation is optional. Medium and deep procedures are performed only after two weeks of preparatory activities.
Procedures on the eve of physical peels
Physical peels include all types of mechanical and hardware effects on the skin of the face. For example, ultrasonic cleaning and laser resurfacing, gas-liquid and carbon peeling, brucege, microcrystalline dermabrasion, cryotherapy, vacuum and coral cleaning. Many of the physical peels are considered delicate surface treatments that are suitable for all skin types. The only exceptions are laser peeling and microcrystalline dermabrasion.
Physical peels involve several general preparatory steps:
- a week before the date of the planned peeling, you need to stop visiting pools, saunas, steam rooms, baths;
- 2 weeks before peeling, it is necessary to refrain from tanning in a solarium or in direct sunlight;
- every day for a week before exfoliation, a sunscreen or lotion with a high degree of protection (at least 35) should be applied to the skin of the face;
- if the skin has inflamed acne, exacerbation of acne or acne, before peeling it is necessary to cure the relapse of special anti-inflammatory therapy;
- if there are herpetic eruptions on the skin, for example in the area of the lips, before peeling, you need to start taking antiviral drugs;
- one week before peeling, it is forbidden to scrub face skin with home or professional products containing large abrasives, for example, ground coffee beans, fruit seeds, cane sugar or sea salt. It is also not recommended to use gommazh and other exfoliating cosmetics based on salicylic or fruit acids;
- if the goal of physical peeling is to brighten pigment spots, then a week before exfoliation, you need to start using bleaching agents that slow down the formation of melanocytes. It can be clarifying creams or lotions based on azelaic or kojic acid.
The stages of pre-peeling preparation for physical exfoliation are simpler than for peeling with acid solutions. The main goal of the preparatory measures in this case is the removal of inflammation, the prevention of ultraviolet pigmentation and trauma to the skin with abrasives.
Preparation for acid exfoliation
Preparation for chemical peels depends on the depth of penetration of the peeling agent into the skin. The more serious and deeper the exfoliation, the longer and more thoroughly it is necessary to prepare the epidermis for contact with acid solutions. Surface chemical peels based on AHA acids, as well as cleaning with enzymes, do not imply a preparatory period, except for an initial consultation with a cosmetologist.
Medium and deep chemical peels should be preceded by the following preparatory measures:
- 2 weeks before acid exfoliation, refuse to use scrubs, gommages and cosmetic formulations based on low-concentrated acids, for example, salicylic or fruit. Refusal of additional chemical treatments will relieve the skin from unnecessary stress during the procedure;
- 2 weeks before chemical peeling, refrain from ultrasonic facial cleansing, 3 months from microcrystalline dermabrasion. Also, 14 days before acid exfoliation is not recommended to resort to beauty injections: Botox, mesotherapy and biorevitalization;
- 2-3 weeks before dry cleaning, refuse to visit the solarium, and also limit the time spent in direct sunlight. This will help to avoid such a side effect as the appearance of unwanted pigmentation;
- 10 days before the planned procedure, before each exit to the street, apply sunscreen and lotion with a protection factor of at least SPF 35 on the face, neck and neckline;
- a week before acid peeling, treat your skin as gently as possible, avoid injury and irritation. Refrain from waxing, photo- and electro-hair removal, chemical depilation, perming, dyeing and keratin hair straightening;
- 2 weeks before exfoliation, restrict access to the pool, steam rooms, baths and saunas;
- if your skin is prone to herpetic eruptions, especially in the area of the lips, start taking antiviral drugs 2-3 days before chemical peeling. For example, based on Acyclovir. Reception of antiviral drugs at the discretion of the doctor may continue after peeling for another 2 weeks;
- two weeks before chemical exfoliation, cosmetologists recommend daily treating the skin with special means, for example, creams or lotions, based on glycolic or retinoic acid in a concentration of 8 to 25%. Glycolates help soften the dense stratum corneum of the epidermis, smooth the skin and ensure even distribution and effect of the peeling composition. Retinoids contribute to the rapid regeneration of the skin after peeling, accelerate the exfoliation of the epithelium and normalize the sebaceous glands. Retinoids also help deep penetration of the peeling composition, but you need to stop taking them 7 days before exfoliation;
- Before chemical peeling, a cosmetologist can recommend the use of whitening products based on retinol, hydroquinone, ascorbic or kojic acid. Hydroquinone is usually prescribed to black women, the rest are suitable for any type of skin. The use of clarifying creams and lotions on the eve of acid cleansing will help to avoid the appearance of hyperpigmentation after the procedure. A week before exfoliation, the use of bleaching compounds must be stopped;
- on the recommendation of a cosmetologist, the day before peeling, you may need to take antibiotics. These drugs block the development of skin infections and prevent acne after exfoliation;
- a week before chemical peeling, some doctors recommend stopping hormonal drugs, antidepressants, and tranquilizers;
- on the eve of the procedure, with the help of acid solutions, you will need to undergo an allergo test to make sure that there is no allergic reaction to the active components of the drug. To do this, a drop of the composition is applied to the wrist, behind the ear or inner fold of the elbow. If after 15 minutes the skin in this place does not turn red and starts to itch, peeling is suitable;
- Before chemical peeling, especially if it is phenol or retinoic exfoliation, arrange with friends or relatives to be taken home. After peeling with retinoids, the yellow film from the face is washed off only the next day after the session, and before deep peeling with phenol, light sedation is required, which makes it difficult to drive the car independently.
Doping procedures before chemical exfoliation are divided into 4 categories: adaptation of the skin to acid solutions, softening of the horny epidermis, slowing down the synthesis of melanocytes, conducting an allergy test to identify intolerance to the components of the peeling compositions.
The unpleasant consequences after peeling in the form of inflammation, allergies and pigmentation can be minimized if you follow all the recommendations of a suitable pre-peeling preparation. What these procedures will be, can only be decided by a cosmetologist after a meeting.