The quality of food determines the level of health for any person. Using a properly selected diet can solve almost all physiological problems: lose weight or gain weight, normalize sugar levels or lower cholesterol. For simple tasks, there are a lot of simple diets, and in a more difficult situation, treatment methods are used.
Modern dietetics uses medical diets compiled in the middle of the last century. Despite the prescription of their formation, the principles of these diets have not been refuted by modern scientists and are still working effectively. The author of these techniques, Manuel Pevzner, devoted his life and all his scientific work to the creation of a cycle of therapeutic diets. Thanks to this, today we use them in sanatoriums, hospitals, at home.
The system consists of 16 diets, which are called – treatment tables. Each such table is assigned a serial number from zero to 15: table No. 1, No. 2, No. 3, and so on. Some of these diets are divided into subspecies: No. 1a, No. 4v, No. 7g. All tables are made taking into account the physiological needs of the body affected by a particular disease. Clinical nutrition diets are prescribed for use depending on the severity and type of disease:
No. 0 – for patients in serious condition after brain injuries, gastrointestinal surgery, viral diseases with fever.
No. 1 – with gastritis with high acidity, after exacerbation of peptic ulcer during the period of attenuation:
table 1a – exacerbation of gastritis and peptic ulcer;
table 1b – in the first days after exacerbations of peptic ulcer and gastritis with high acidity.
No. 2 – not exacerbated chronic colitis, decreased acidity of the stomach, gastritis with a lack of acidity, gastric achilia.
No. 3 – for diseases of the digestive system with difficult bowel movements (constipation) or its absence.
No. 4 – for the treatment of intestinal diseases accompanied by diarrhea; colitis with diarrhea; gastroenterocolitis:
table 4a – exacerbation of colitis and enteritis with diarrhea;
table 4b – attenuation of diseases accompanied by diarrhea;
table 4c – during the compensation of chronic enteritis and colitis.
No. 5 – during recovery and remission after hepatitis, cholecystitis, gallstone disease:
table 5a – exacerbation of hepatitis and liver diseases;
table 5p – pancreatitis without complications and exacerbations.
No. 6 – with diathesis and gout.
No. 7 – during the recovery period after nephritis, hypertension:
table 7a is a severe form of acute jade.
No. 8 – with excessive deposition of adipose tissue – obesity.
No. 9 – mild to moderate diabetes mellitus.
No. 10 – for the treatment of pathologies of the heart and blood vessels:
table 10a – severe circulatory disorders;
table 10b – after myocardial infarction;
table 10c – damage to brain structures caused by cardiovascular diseases.
No. 11 – tuberculosis of bones and lungs, anemia.
No. 12 – disorders of the nervous system of the functional plan.
No. 13 – with infections in acute form, typhoid fever.
No. 14 – the allocation of phosphorus-stone salts in the urine.
No. 15 – good nutrition for patients without complications and exacerbations of diseases.
After passing the prescribed diet, it is important for patients to continue to adhere to the basic principles of proper nutrition within the framework of the existing disease. Compliance with all recommendations of the proposed diet will shorten the period of drug therapy and allow the patient to quickly return to a full and vigorous life.