According to WHO statistics, every third person does not drink milk. With the popularization of veganism and various methods for losing weight, cases of voluntary abandonment of this product are becoming more frequent. Many are forced to exclude it from their diet for health reasons. A milk-free diet becomes especially important for children with intolerance to this product. A lactose-free diet can become completely complete, both for an adult and for an infant. Today about all the important aspects of such nutrition: how to feed a child with allergies, what to replace milk with, how it will help.
Dairy-free diet for an adult
Refusing milk can just be part of a worldview in which people exclude any animal products – veganism. Or one of the requirements for a diet for weight loss, for example, the Paleo diet provides for the use of only those products that ancient people had before the invention of animal husbandry.
The most common cause of dairy-free nutrition is physical necessity. Most often, this is caused by an allergy to one of the milk proteins, in 25 types of milk, but even one of them can cause allergic reactions. Another option is intolerance to milk sugar (lactose). Such complications are found in adults and children. In the first case, the rejection of dairy products is easier to transfer, since we are talking about a fully formed body.
It is quite possible to replace milk, but it will cost more. For example, soy milk is almost identical in taste and smell to cow. In all dishes and drinks it can be used in the same way as animal milk. However, this product may also cause an allergic reaction. Therefore, it is recommended to first check for any negative side effects. In this case, soy milk is consumed in a small amount and watch the reaction, for a better result you need to wait a week.
In case of diagnosed allergies or intolerances, a new type of milk should be administered only under the supervision of a treating doctor. Also used are oat, almond, coconut milk. They can be used if the animal or soybean variant is not suitable, or combined with soy.
If soy products are allowed, the problem of creating a diet menu is practically absent. A universal plant allows you to cook cheese, cottage cheese, sour-milk drinks, pure milk for cooking dishes from it. When choosing such a product, you need to carefully read the composition, it should not have E-additives, dyes and flavorings.
Another important aspect of buying soybeans concerns GMOs, a considerable part of all soy products consists of modified organisms. Although, this moment everyone determines for himself: to eat or not to eat. How they affect the body is not exactly known. In addition, in addition to soy, GMOs are often found in ordinary potatoes, ideal-looking fruits, sausages, etc.
Fortunately for those who are on a diet without dairy products, the food industry has not stood aside. Counters of shops and pharmacies fill alternative types:
- Rice. It does not contain lactose and cholesterol, has a beneficial effect on the functioning of the heart and blood vessels. Suitable for lactose intolerance, but contains a lot of sugar and very little protein.
- Almond. Contains a large amount of vitamins and minerals, pleasant to the taste, sweetish with a nutty flavor. Ideal for baking, cocktails and hot drinks.
- Oatmeal. Rich in healthy fiber and vegetable fats, improves heart, kidney and liver function.
- Hemp. Sugar-free, rich in antioxidants and omega-3, vitamins. Strengthens the intestines, improves recovery functions in the body. Despite the negative reputation of this plant, milk from hemp seeds is only beneficial.
- Coconut Saturated with fatty acids, micro and macro elements, vitamins. It is dry and liquid. Not to be confused with coconut juice! Coconut milk is created artificially from pulp and juice.
Most of these alternatives can be prepared at home. So the product will be exactly natural and much cheaper. Coconut and soy will have to buy, since the process of creating them is quite complicated. In cooking, these types of milk are used in the same way as the animal product. In addition, they are useful in cosmetology.
The daily diet for an adult allergy sufferer will consist of regular foods. Only derivatives of animal milk need to be excluded: sour cream, cheeses, cottage cheese, yogurts, kefir, etc. To compensate for the lack of useful components, it is recommended to drink a complex of vitamins. Be sure to take calcium, since alternative types of milk do not make up for its lack.
Dairy-free diet for a child
According to WHO statistics, 10% of infants are susceptible to allergies to milk and its derivatives. Children, as well as adults, may have lactose or protein intolerance. Allergies can occur at any age from birth. The situation is especially difficult with infants, for whom milk is the only source of nutrition.
Newborns up to 7 months. From the first days of life, the baby may have allergy symptoms. The main symptom of intolerance will be frothy, greasy stools, gas, restlessness, skin rash. The reason for such a reaction to milk can be:
- hereditary predisposition;
- antibiotics by mom or child;
- late attachment to the chest;
- mom’s wrong diet
- changing the diet of the child.
In this case, the therapist on the basis of tests and examinations should establish the future nutrition of the baby and mother. Correction of the nutrition of the child can lead to a complete transition to artificial feeding or mixed type.
Infant formula may also have a negative reaction. If the infant is intolerant of protein, the usual mixture is replaced by dairy-free. In case of an allergy to the soy component, baby food on hydrolyzed protein is prescribed.
Common nutritional options for infants:
- Therapeutic mixture with highly hydrolyzed protein. Suitable for babies with intolerance to milk and soy. These are: Nutrilak, Nutramigen, Nutrilon Pepti TSC, Frisopep.
- Partially hydrolyzed protein blends. Used for allergy susceptibility. These are: Nan, Humana GA, Tyoma, HiPP, Nutrilak GA.
- Soy-based blends. Appointed for allergies to casein, are introduced into the diet gradually under the supervision of a doctor. With constant feeding of this type of mixture, the child needs extra calcium. Such mixtures include: Alsoy Nestle, Nutrilak Soy, Nutri-Soja, Bellakt Soy.
Feeding the selected mixture lasts from 3 months to a year. Any changes in the child’s state of health should be negotiated with your doctor, perhaps the baby will need nutrition correction.
Children from 7 months to 1 years. Nutrition for a small allergic person should also occur under the supervision of a therapist. Supplementary nutrition is administered no earlier than 7 months. For the first products, those that are low allergenic are chosen. This: zucchini, pale pumpkin, squash, Brussels sprouts, turkey meat. Fruits for an allergy sufferer are best left before the age of one. A small amount of one component, such as mashed brussels sprouts, is given once a week. If there is no adverse reaction, this ingredient can be used for complementary foods after a week. Do the same with the rest of the products. The nutritional scheme is often based on the principles of a hypoallergenic diet according to Ado.
Allergy sufferers from 1,5 to 3 years. At the age of one and a half years, a child can be given a little skim kefir after consulting a doctor. With a positive reaction, you can enter cottage cheese and milk in the menu. If the reaction continues, the milk-free diet is extended to 3 years and further for health reasons.
Seafood, fish and eggs should not be given to a child with allergies until the 2 age. Each component is introduced neatly at weekly intervals. Upon reaching 3 years with the permission of the doctor again conduct an experiment with dairy products. Depending on the reaction, the child prolongs the diet or injects milk into the diet.
In the morning: puree from light varieties of pear or apple.
Snack: broken oatmeal on the water.
Lunch: zucchini and carrot soup.
In the evening: a gluten-free baby formula (established by a doctor).
In the morning: mashed banana with gluten-free baby cookies.
Safe, grated apple.
Lunch: soup on turkey meat and vegetables.
In the evening: boiled potatoes with herbs, apple juice.
In the morning: sweet rice porridge on water (or milk, if you can).
Snack: boiled soft-boiled egg.
Lunch: soup of broccoli, potatoes and lettuce (unsweetened).
Dinner: boiled veal with stewed zucchini.
Each new component of the diet should be tested in advance and is completely safe for the child. Special care is important because the symptoms of allergies go far beyond the usual rash and itching. This can be dangerous swelling of the respiratory tract and internal organs, anaphylactic shock. In case of severe symptoms, the doctor should prescribe an additional drug treatment.
If, after 3 years, lactose and protein intolerance have not disappeared, the diet is prolonged. The diet for children from three years will be richer, by this time the list of permissible products is already formed. And in adolescence, the menu is no different from an adult; ordinary milk can be replaced with all alternative types.
Reception of additional vitamins in childhood and adolescence is even more important than for an adult. For the forming organism, all useful components are needed, and in sufficient quantities. If something is missed, physical and mental development may suffer.
Useful dairy-free recipes
Finding dairy-free recipes is easy. For an adult menu, in general, for any dish, it is enough to simply replace animal milk with a plant prototype. A little harder with baby food and recipes. It is best to take them in specialized forums where caring mothers share their experiences.
Rice complementary foods for babies. Rinse half a cup of round rice several times in clean water, then pour two glasses of water and put on fire. Cook to a viscous consistency (30-35 minutes). Put a spoonful of finished rice in a fine strainer and rub. The resulting mass should be liquid without lumps. If necessary, you can add boiled water or rub it again.
Dairy-free pancakes for children and adults. Sift 2 cups flour into a deep container, add 2 tablespoons of vegetable oil and a little sugar to it. Stir well and pour 4 cups of warm water, beat with a mixer. Fry the finished dough in a small amount of oil. It is recommended for children from 1.5 years, you can add fruit puree to them.
Dietary pancakes for breakfast. In a blender, kill several chopped potatoes, one onion and dill. Add the sifted flour to the resulting mass so that the dough becomes dense. Spread potato pancakes on the pan with a wet spoon. Suitable for children from two years old and adults.
Allergies can occur unexpectedly in infants and adults. You should consult a specialist if you have a rash, trouble breathing, cause sneezing and runny nose. Maybe it’s not milk at all. With the help of a special hypoallergenic diet and tests, the doctor will be able to determine the cause of health problems.
Pregnant women should adhere to the menu prescribed by the doctor to minimize the likelihood of allergies in the child. The diet of the expectant mother should be based on low-allergenic foods and a normal amount of dairy products. The same applies to lactating women, since intolerance can occur over time.
For an adult healthy person, the prevention of this disease is also important. One and the same product should not be abused (especially fruits, whole milk, honey, nuts), all food components must be natural (minimize products with harmful additives). It is often useful to ventilate the living room to prevent dust allergies. Exercising is an indirect way to limit yourself from many diseases. A healthy body is easier to fight with any disease and better resists their appearance.