A gastritis diet is a special diet from foods that spare the mucous membrane of the stomach and correct the intensity of the production of gastric juices.
Inflammatory and irritable processes in the stomach are known as gastritis. There are many prerequisites for inflammation of the mucous membrane: malnutrition, bacterial overgrowth, excessive use of alcohol, medications (especially the non-steroid group), acidic foods, and smoking.
Gastritis may begin suddenly or develop slowly over a long time. Initially, symptoms (dispersion, nausea, pain, loss of appetite) may be almost invisible and do not create cause for concern. But over time, especially if the disease is not treated, mucosal inflammation degenerates into an ulcer or other unpleasant illnesses.
It is important to remember: getting rid of gastritis is not to remove the unpleasant symptoms, but to eliminate the source of irritation and the healing of the gastric mucosa.
The treatment of gastritis always depends on the causes of the disease. First you need to remove them, if the symptoms do not pass, start treatment. Properly chosen diet for gastritis can accelerate the healing process. But in order to skillfully choose the diet, it is worth remembering about the features of each type.
- 1 Gastritis and its classification
- 2 Symptoms of the disease, causes and diagnosis
- 3 General dietary recommendations
- 4 Diet for different types of gastritis
- 5 Diets for patients with different acidity of the stomach
- 6 Erosive gastritis
- 7 Atrophic gastritis
- 8 Sample menu
- 9 Lymphocytic gastritis
- 10 Hyperplastic gastritis
- 11 Gastritis and gastrointestinal diseases
- 12 Dietary tables
- 13 Treatment of gastritis in children
- 14 Fruit Diet
- 15 Dish recipes
- 16 Traditional medicine for the treatment of gastritis
Gastritis and its classification
There are several classifications of the disease.
- Primary gastritis (destruction of mucous by exogenous factors).
- Secondary (appears on the background of other diseases).
Based on the patient’s symptoms and well-being, there are two forms of the disease:
An acute form is classified as follows:
- Fibrinous gastritis (manifested in smallpox, typhoid fever; gastric cells die).
- Catarrhal (damaged upper layer of the mucous; cause stress, parasites, toxins, potent medicines).
- Phlegm (purulent inflammation of the stomach; the reason – infections, parasites).
- Corrosive (the reason – poisoning by toxins, can cause peritonitis or renal failure).
Types of chronic gastritis:
- Chronic type A gastritis is a primary autoimmune gastritis (fundal).
- Type B – antral bacterial origin.
- Type C – reflux gastritis.
Symptoms of the disease, causes and diagnosis
Acute gastritis usually comes suddenly with gastrointestinal discomfort or nausea. Chronic develops slowly, asymptomatic in some.
- Gastrointestinal discomfort.
Burning pain at the top of the abdomen, fullness, dispersion, belching, intestinal peristalsis, loss of appetite and weight.
Vomiting causes corrosive gastritis. Sometimes vomit may be with blood (in chronic form).
It is usually provoked by a lack of vitamin B12, which is practically not absorbed in gastritis.
In some cases, untreated gastritis provokes cancer.
There are several methods for diagnosing gastritis:
- endoscopy of the stomach, which allows to clearly see the condition of the mucous membrane;
- stool analysis for blood;
- Exhaled air test to detect the presence of gastritis-causing bacteria.
In the fight against any disease in the first place you need to understand the causes of its occurrence.
There are several reasons for inflammation of the gastric mucosa:
- infection, triggered by a virus, fungus, parasite;
- stomach irritation;
- autoimmune disorders;
- getting bile into the stomach;
- regular use of nonsteroidal drugs;
- abuse of coffee and sour drinks;
By the way, an unbalanced state of mind is a serious cause of gastritis. Anxiety, anxiety, tension, nervousness, irritation are increasingly becoming the bases of stomach pain leading to ulcers.
General dietary recommendations
- Diet for gastritis of the stomach in the first place provides for a restriction in food. At the exacerbation stage, 2 days of corrected nutrition are sufficient to improve the condition. In some cases, a good option – fruit unloading. But a tasty diet for gastritis is not for everyone. Fruits are banned for acute gastritis, as well as during the exacerbation of the chronic form.
- The next rule is to eat simple dishes, not to mix a lot of foods during one meal.
- Dinner – well before sleep.
- For patients with gastritis, it is important to avoid alcohol, cigarettes, seasonings, convenience foods, spicy and acidic foods (pickles, cabbage soup). But the mix of freshly squeezed carrot and spinach juices (10: 6 proportion) is very useful.
- Do not wash down the food with water (especially with low secretion), as it dilutes digestive juices, slowing down the digestion process. It is better to drink a glass of non-carbonated water for 15 minutes before a meal or after an hour.
- Avoid rushing. To eat in a pleasant atmosphere, slowly, chewing food thoroughly.
- Moderate physical activity (swimming, running, yoga) helps to speed up the digestive process.
Permitted products for gastritis
- Fish, meat, poultry.
It is best for people with gastritis to make chicken and fish diets. Lean fish cooked without the use of oil or spices is ideal for lunch. Dietary meat, skinless chicken, seafood are allowed. Avoid salty, fried and fatty.
Allowed with a chronic form of gastritis, as they are a natural medicine for the gastric mucosa. Especially pears, melons, bananas, peaches. But it is important not to combine the use of fruits with other foods: fructose in combination with products from a different category begins to ferment in the stomach, forming alcohol. Oranges, grapefruits, sour berries and dried fruits are undesirable in the diet – they irritate the mucous membrane.
- Baking and flour products.
Give preference to products from wholemeal flour or from whole grains. Refuse pancakes, biscuits, white bread, and vermicelli – only from durum wheat, without the addition of sauces and spices.
Use in a slightly cooked form. Avoid beans, tomatoes, peppers, onions, garlic and individually intolerant vegetables.
It is an excellent source of calcium and vitamin D, necessary for the health of the body. However, people with a diagnosis of gastritis are advised to limit their milk intake. It is better to give preference not to cow, but to soy milk. Salted and fatty cheeses are also avoided, it is better to eat tofu. You can treat yourself to yogurt, but exclusively home-made – without chemical additives and sugar.
Sea salt, spicy herbs (rosemary, parsley, basil, oregano).
Brown rice, oats, barley, corn, wheat.
- The drinks.
Proper fluid intake is important for any diet. Treatment is no exception. It is advisable to drink 6 glasses of clean still water daily. Herbal teas are also acceptable, but black coffee, soda and alcohol should be avoided.
A strict diet for gastritis puts a taboo on fatty fried foods (to replace boiled and steamed), salt and spices (act on the inflamed gastric mucosa as an irritant). Avoid raw vegetables, especially when it comes to chronic gastritis. Remove from the diet alcoholic beverages, exacerbating the pain. Also refuse products that provoke an acidic environment in the stomach: fresh juices from citrus, coffee drinks, strong tea, caffeinated cola.
Diet for different types of gastritis
Antral gastritis in the specialized literature is called type B gastritis. The disease of the gastric mucosa in this case was caused by bacteria. Distinguish between superficial and erosive antral gastritis.
The cause of superficial antral gastritis is usually an infection. This type of disease does not affect the glands and does not leave scars on the surface of the stomach. Treatment is a diet, with antral gastritis it is traditional – as with most diseases of the gastrointestinal system.
To start, be sure to delete from the menu:
- all spices, products with preservatives, flavor enhancers, flavors;
- pickles; pickles;
- concentrated broths;
- raw vegetables.
Often the words “gastritis”, “treatment”, “diet” terrify many people to think that they had to abandon their favorite food forever. But this does not deprive the patient of the chance to eat tasty. Diet for superficial gastritis allows you to create a menu of dietary meats, lean fish, vegetables in mashed potatoes, fruits (in the form of drinks and mousses), cereals (not dairy), low-fat cottage cheese.
Observing medical nutrition, it is important to know: the temperature of food consumed should not exceed 60 degrees on the Celsius scale, and also not be colder than 15 degrees.
Optimal experts call food within 37 degrees. Regarding servings and daily ration, then throughout the day the total weight of food should not exceed 3000 grams. At the same time, all food divided into such portions:
- breakfast – 30% of daily calories;
- snack – 15%;
- lunch – 40%;
- dinner – 15%.
In some cases, the patient is credited with a diet with 6-8 meals a day, also adhering to the rules for calculating calories. Dinner no later than 2 hours before bedtime.
Diets for patients with different acidity of the stomach
- Day one
Breakfast is allowed with buckwheat, cottage cheese mousse and a weak coffee drink. For lunch, cook soup and bake potatoes with meat, and as a dessert – kissel. The first day dinner consists of fish, mashed potatoes, as well as tea with a slice of bread. Before going to bed every day, it is recommended to drink a glass of kefir.
- Day two
Dietary breakfast includes steamed beets with apples and steamed pancakes. As a drink – green tea. Lunch of the second day is vegetable stew and diet veal tenderloin, on the first – borscht. For dessert – jelly.
- Day three
The first meal of this day consists of fish dishes with vegetables baked with wheat porridge. Dine with meatball soup and vegetable schnitzel. Dessert – jelly. At dinner, well cooked buckwheat and green tea.
- Day Four
Breakfast of hercules and green tea. Dinner from soup – on the first, on the second allowed noodles and a few pieces of boiled chicken fillet, for dessert – jelly. For dinner, you can make pancakes and boiled meat, before going to bed – herbal soothing tea.
- Day five
Have breakfast with potatoes and weak coffee with milk. Dine broth with lean meat and carrot puree. Casserole dinner (cottage cheese with honey) or pumpkin porridge and green tea.
- Sixth day
For breakfast, make rice and apple fritters. Dine light chicken broth, the second allowed noodles and a few pieces of veal, for dessert – jelly. Dinner omelette and carrot puree. Bedtime cocktail of tea and milk.
- Seventh day
The seventh day of the diet provides breakfast of milk porridge (millet) and a cocktail. Dine on the soup of seasonal vegetables and schnitzel steamed, served with boiled rice as a garnish. Dine pasta with cheese and jelly.
Diet for chronic gastritis with high acidity provides an exception to the diet of food that can “hurt” the mucous membrane. The sample menu for 7 days looks like this.
- First day menu
Breakfast with buckwheat and tea, for lunch eat a boiled egg, dine with soup with herculean porridge and potato cutlets, and for dinner cook fish steaks with pasta.
- Second day menu
Breakfast – from herculean porridge and tea, as a snack beetroot steam cakes. Dine with zucchini soup and noodles with baked meat, bake an apple for dessert. Dine with dumplings and weak tea.
- The menu of the third day
Boiled eggs and toast make up breakfast, carrot and apple mousse are allowed for a snack, and lunch is desirable with milk rice soup and chicken cutlets. Dinner consists of baked potatoes and tea.
- Fourth day menu
After breakfast, eat semolina porridge with tea and a cheese sandwich, for lunch, cook soup and rice with veal fillet. As a dessert, applesauce is allowed, and for dinner – low-fat fish, steamed without spices, and mashed potatoes.
- Fifth day menu
Vermicelli with milk – for breakfast, a snack of jelly and toast. Dining table is a vegetable soup and chicken with rice. For dinner you can treat yourself to zrazy and noodles.
- Sixth day menu
Hercules porridge and protein omelet as breakfast, followed by a snack from jelly. Lunch is allowed with carrot soup and fish zrazy with potatoes to garnish. Dinner – fish: Pollock for a couple.
- Seventh Day Menu
After a hearty semolina porridge and tea – a jelly snack. Dine with soup and baked apples. For dinner, stew vegetables, kneading them with diet meat. If you are hungry in the evening, drink a glass of soy milk.
Diet during exacerbation of gastritis with high acidity is a therapeutic food, built on the principle of protection of the mucous membrane of the stomach. To do this, at the time of treatment it is important to abandon the “coarse” food (raw vegetables, bran bread, fried). The optimal food temperature is 15-60 degrees Celsius. Diet for hyperacid gastritis prohibits the secretion of stimulating foods. This alcohol, soda, citrus juice, caffeine, fatty broths, hot spices.
Erosive gastritis occurs under the influence of helicobacter pylori bacteria or as the result of a long medication. Has 2 stages – acute and chronic. In the first case, the patient complains of discomfort in the stomach, pain, and the chair becomes black (due to blood trapped in the intestines from ulcers in the stomach). At the chronic stage – the mucous lining of the stomach is covered with sores of different diameters, the patient is plagued by heartburn, nausea, lack of appetite, belching, painful sensations occur after eating.
Diet for erosive gastritis of the stomach requires deleting spicy and fried food, greasy meat and fish, all types of mushrooms, rich broths, coffee, cabbage from the usual menu. The method of cooking is boiling or steaming.
If we are talking about a disease provoked by a specific bacterium, then a diet for Helicobacter gastritis without medical treatment will not be effective. The symptoms of this type of illness are classic for gastritis: stomach discomfort, nausea, hungry pains in the stomach, but after eating they pass. Ulcerative gastritis of any origin is characterized by the same signs as normal gastritis, which is why it is so important to establish or exclude laboratory presence of helicobacter pylori in the body. The cure of ulcers on the gastric mucosa is possible only after getting rid of the bacteria, only proper nutrition does not achieve this. The treatment program is complex, consists of several stages.
It is important to know that a diet with erosive gastritis with high acidity should include a lot of liquid (drinks) with neutral acidity: non-carbonated mineral water, tea with chamomile and mint, non-fat milk drinks, fruit and vegetable fresh juices (preferably apple-carrot). It would not be superfluous to remind that a diet for gastritis and gastric erosion is a total ban on sour foods and drinks, as well as alcohol and soda. Like a diet for gastritis in the acute stage, health food in the presence of erosions and ulcers prohibits fast food and all types of unhealthy foods.
Atrophic gastritis differs from other types in that as a result of an illness in a patient, the mucous membrane of the stomach becomes thinner. The result of this process is a sharp decrease in the production of enzymes and hydrochloric acid, necessary for digestion. This is one of the most dangerous forms of the disease, but proper nutrition is the key to successful treatment.
Diet for atrophic gastritis with low acidity requires removing difficult-to-digest foods from the daily diet. These include: hard meat, legumes, mushrooms, pastry, black bread, breadcrumbs, canned food, raw vegetables and fruits, fatty milk, lard, smoked meats, soda. It is important for patients with gastritis with foci of atrophy to eat foods that increase the secretion of the stomach and increase appetite.
So, a diet for atrophic gastritis of the stomach consists of vegetable soups, dietary meat (chicken, pigeon, rabbit), lean fish, seafood, dairy products, eggs, fruits, vegetables (boiled), drinks, cereals, fats. Also allowed marmalade, sweets, jelly, sugar and honey, table salt is better to replace the sea, but alcohol is strictly prohibited. Medical food provides cooking on a pair or in the oven. A diet for focal atrophic gastritis should include in the diet of salt-alkaline or alkaline mineral water (such as Borjomi). A glass of mineral water drunk an hour before a meal promotes the production of gastric juice.
- rolled oats on milk;
- cottage cheese casserole;
- chicken broth;
- boiled fish;
- grated carrots (glass).
- steamed patties (rabbit);
- Mashed potatoes;
- Hercules milk;
- tea with milk – a glass.
Also, the daily menu may include 25 grams of sugar and butter, wheat bread. But strict “hungry” rations should be avoided, especially if it is a diet with atrophic gastritis with high acidity. Food is desirable to take small portions, but often – 4-5 once a day.
Atrophic inflammation of the gastric mucosa in its early stages is called subatrophic gastritis. Diet for subatrophic gastritis is not different from the recommendations given above.
It is important to remember: the earlier the treatment begins, in particular, the diet is revised, the faster you can get rid of unpleasant symptoms and forget about the disease forever.
Another fairly rare form of the disease is lymphocytic gastritis. This type of malady is most often diagnosed in people older than 70 years. What is the main cause of the occurrence of the disease, experts do not take the answer unambiguously, but call two possible options:
- helicobacter pylori bacterium;
- gluten intolerance (gluten).
In addition, at risk – lovers of fried, smoked and fat. That is why, speaking of the diet for the lymphocytic form of gastritis, primarily focuses on the need to abandon junk food. The second step is a gluten-free diet and nutrition according to the principles of the 1 treatment table.
Hyperplastic gastritis is a chronic inflammation of the gastric mucosa, resulting in the formation of polyps and growths on the walls. In fact, this type of disease is referred to as benign tumors. The causes of its occurrence are the most varied: from food allergies to infection, malnutrition, disruption of the protein metabolism process in the body. Symptoms of the disease is also a wide range and mainly traditional for gastritis: nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, abdominal pain, belching, violation of the chair.
A therapeutic diet for hyperplastic gastritis lasts at least 2 months. At this time, delete from the usual diet:
- alcoholic beverages;
- meat and fish broths;
- spices, canned food, pickles;
- fried, smoked, fatty, salty;
- baking, sweets, coffee.
Preference to give dishes, steamed or cooking, without salt and spices.
Gastritis and gastrointestinal diseases
Gastritis and pancreatitis
Gastritis and pancreatitis, though different diseases affect different organs (stomach and pancreas), but, as practice shows, they often go together. A patient with gastritis in most cases is diagnosed with pancreatitis or vice versa.
These diseases of the gastrointestinal tract have much in common. And in the first place – an identical treatment process, the first place in which is occupied not so much by medical preparations, as by a proper diet. Adhering to clinical nutrition, there is every chance to get rid of health troubles. Moreover, the diet, though called “gentle”, but remains tasty, with a varied diet and full of calories.
If the beginning of treatment was preceded by acute gastritis or aggravated pancreatitis, then a day or two is better to sit on medical fasting (allowed to use only mineral water without gases). And only after this stage to enter into the menu liquid porridges, vegetable purees, jelly and fruit drinks, gradually expanding the diet. Introducing new products into the menu, it is important to consider the type of gastritis, since treatment and the type of diet depend on this nuance.
Drawing up the menu for the week for a patient with gastritis and pancreatitis, it is important to consider:
- food to steam, bake, boil;
- eat 5 once a day in small portions;
- emphasis on liquid and semi-liquid food;
- limit in the diet of fats and carbohydrates.
The diagnosis of gastritis and pancreatitis puts a taboo on the use of broths, fatty meats, smoked meats, canned foods, spices, raw vegetables and fruits, soda, alcohol, ice cream.
But what should not be forgotten is about soups with cereals, vegetable and fruit purees, steamed meatballs, omelets, jelly, jellies and compotes. Diet for pancreatitis and gastritis is based on these products.
Gastritis and cholecystitis
The organs of the gastrointestinal tract are closely interconnected and if the failure of one of them gives one of them, it will certainly affect the work of the “neighbors”. So, in parallel with the diagnosis of “gastritis”, other diseases are often encountered, for example, cholecystitis – inflammation in the gallbladder, which eventually leads to changes in the walls of the organ, and stagnation of bile. The disease is accompanied by cutting pains in the right side of the abdomen, to which gastritis symptoms are added: nausea, pain, lack of appetite.
Diet for gastritis and cholecystitis includes: soups, crackers, dietary meat and fish, omelets, low-fat jelly, vegetable puree, fruit mousses.
It is strictly prohibited fatty, fried, spicy foods, smoked meats, spicy dishes, beans, tomatoes, onions, pastries, coffee, ice cream.
It should be easy to imagine what a daily ration should look like if a diet is prescribed for cholecystitis and gastritis, based on gastronomic recommendations. Below is a table and an example of dishes.
|Breakfast||Oatmeal, omelette, tea.|
|Snack||Cottage cheese and a little sour cream, baked apple.|
|Dinner||Soup with vegetables and noodles, steamed patties, mashed boiled potatoes, dried fruit compote.|
|Snack||Kissel, dry biscuits.|
|Dinner||Steamed fish, rice soufflé, kefir.|
At the stage of exacerbation of gastritis and cholecystitis, it is important to make a fasting day on liquid products (water, herbal teas, fruit drinks). Repeat if necessary for 2-3 days. After a smooth transition to a healthy diet, trying to adhere to a healthy lifestyle, avoid stress.
Gastritis and esophagitis
In esophagitis, inflammation of the esophagus can be asymptomatic. But with the progression of the disease, there are unpleasant symptoms, such as heartburn (aggravated after spicy and fatty foods, coffee, soda). Other symptoms include sour eructation, pain and burning sensation behind the sternum. There are several causes of esophagitis, one of them is gastritis and reflux (gastric juice and bile reflux).
The diet for esophagitis and gastritis primarily involves the exclusion of a number of products. This is alcohol, coffee, citrus, fatty, fried, spicy foods, tomatoes. Also it is necessary to exclude spices that cause heartburn (garlic, pepper, cloves, cinnamon).
According to the recommendations of experts, a diet for heartburn and gastritis is:
- fractional meals in small portions;
- a glass of boiled water before each meal;
- Milk, rosehip tea, chamomile tea, apple compote, bananas, plums, peaches and pears included in the diet;
- complete abandonment of alcohol and night meals;
- regular walks after meals;
- “Emphasis” on yogurt, cottage cheese, kefir, oatmeal and wheat porridge.
The gastritis reflux diet is a power system known as the 1 table (used to treat gastrointestinal diseases). Diet number 1 with gastritis and esophagitis lasts about 3-5 months, and the diet is chosen in such a way as to exclude products that stimulate the development of gastric secretion. Diet for gastric ulcer and gastritis is also based on the principles of feeding the table number 1.
Gastritis and duodenitis
Duodenitis (inflammation of the mucous membrane of the 12-duodenum) often occurs as a result of untreated gastritis (atrophic, helicobacter). It is possible to diagnose gastritis and duodenitis in oneself by symptoms:
- abdominal pain (sharp, pulling);
- nausea and vomiting;
- breaking stool.
If cutting pains under the spoon and in the navel are added to these symptoms, this is already bulbitis – a chronic inflammation of the 12 duodenal ulcer. The diet for bulbitis and gastritis is based on the rejection of everything fatty, fried, spicy, spicy, sour, containing caffeine.
Proper diet for duodenitis and gastritis will relieve the discomfort for a couple of days. If the disease is not treated, it will outgrow from the acute to the chronic form with its inherent erosions and atrophic phenomena.
Healing diet in the acute period, it is desirable to start from two days of fasting and bed rest. The menus for the following days are the 1 diet and the 1 diet a.
Food rules for duodenitis and gastritis:
- food body temperature;
- meals in limited portions of 5-6 once a day;
- daily use of soups with cereals and vegetables (create an enveloping effect);
- eat dietary meat (boiled, steamed), non-sour milk, omelets, vegetable and fruit purees;
- limit salt intake, but sugar and marmalade are allowed.
If the goal is not just to get rid of unpleasant symptoms for a while, but to recover forever, you will have to adhere to these rules of nutrition for a longer time.
Prohibited products for duodenitis and gastritis:
- soda, coffee, strong tea;
- pork, lamb;
- black bread and pastry;
- chocolate, chewing gum.
In addition, if gastritis is accompanied by high acidity, exclude sour juices, broths and fruits (citrus) from the daily menu.
In medicine, 15 provides options for the therapeutic nutrition menu, and four of them (1, 1, 2 and 5 tables) are successfully practiced in the treatment of various forms of gastritis.
Diet number 1
Gastric ulcer, gastritis (acute at the stage of convalescence) and 12-duodenal disease are diagnoses in which nutritionists prescribe health food according to the rules of the table number 1. The diet consists of “sparing” products: dietary sorts of meat and fish boiled without spices, skinless chicken, vegetables and fruits. Calorie high enough – 2800-3000 kcal.
Diet number 1
It is prescribed for the exacerbation of ulcers and acute gastritis, and, being a low-calorie food system, is used as a diet for weight loss with gastritis. The 1 table provides a ration of shredded food with limited salt intake, steamed or boiled.
Diet number 2
Diet number 2 with gastritis is prescribed in both acute and chronic forms. Her menu is designed to stimulate the secretory function of the stomach if necessary, but at the same time, if the secretion is normal or increased, the universal menu of the table number 2 is also suitable for treatment.
The diet menu includes: vegetables (boiled), soups, viscous cereals, milk, steamed omelettes, pastries (but not fresh), juices (diluted with water), coffee drinks, tea, butter, sugar, honey.
To exclude: fatty meats, some types of cereals (barley, corn, barley), spicy and fatty, canned food, smoked fish, beans, kvass, hard boiled eggs, freshly baked muffins.
This diet is prescribed for colitis and gastritis, selected foods have a beneficial effect on the entire digestive system, including the intestines, whose diseases often accompany stomach ailments. The diet for acute gastritis is also based on the therapeutic ration of the second table.
Sample menu 2 diet during gastritis
- Breakfast: omelette from protein, bread, vegetable caviar, cocoa.
- Snack: jelly.
- Lunch: soup with rice, chicken, tea.
- Snack: Fruit.
- Dinner: pumpkin porridge, baked fish, kefir.
- Breakfast: pasta with egg, kefir.
- Snack: jelly.
- Lunch: tongue, boiled rice, juice.
- Snack: vegetable puree (carrot-potato).
- Dinner: liver pancakes, cottage cheese pudding, compote.
- Breakfast: bran tea, buckwheat, cottage cheese.
- Snack: oatmeal and fruit.
- Lunch: a mix of potatoes and rice, boiled chicken meat, compote.
- Snack: fruit salad, yogurt.
- Dinner: steamed vegetables, schnitzel steam, dairy drink.
- Breakfast: fish, mashed potatoes, tea.
- Snack: fruit puree.
- Lunch: chicken soup, baked fish, vegetable juice.
- Snack: a mix of frayed curd and apples.
- Dinner: buckwheat porridge, salad, jelly.
- Breakfast: rolled oats on milk, boiled egg.
- Snack: carrots and cottage cheese.
- Lunch: soup, boiled pumpkin (mashed potatoes), chopped chicken meat.
- Snack: wild rose – tea, dry biscuits.
- Dinner: steamed fish, rice.
- Breakfast: buckwheat, cheese, butter, cocoa, a slice of bread.
- Snack: yoghurt.
- Lunch: soup with meatballs and rice, vermicelli, white sauce, tea.
- Snack: kefir and crackers.
- Dinner: mix of chopped boiled pumpkin and chicken, baked apple, tea.
- Breakfast: fritters from oatmeal porridge, jam, rosehip tea.
- Snack: yoghurt.
- Lunch: vegetable soup, chicken cutlets, salad.
- Snack: rosehip tea.
- Dinner: steamed fish, pudding, kefir.
Diet number 5
The 5 table is a sparing diet for gastritis, or to be more precise, for its chronic form. Also, this variant of therapeutic nutrition is suitable for patients with hepatitis, cholecystitis, cholelithiasis (chronic forms).
The diet number 5 for gastritis provides for the rejection of all products containing cholesterol, preservatives, dyes.
That is, first of all, fast food, confectionery, cooking oils, soda, products containing oxalic acid, beans, chewing gum, barley are excluded from the diet.
Sample menu for the week
|Monday||Rice with milk, protein omelette, tea||Cottage cheese casserole||Soup, boiled dietary meat with carrots, dried fruit compote||Unsweetened cracker, tea||Vermicelli from durum wheat, oil, cheese, mineral water|
|Tuesday||Grated apples and carrots, steamed schnitzel, coffee with milk||Apple||Borsch lean, steamed fish, jelly||Cookies, rosehip infusion||Buckwheat porridge, mineral water|
|Wednesday||Hercules, cottage cheese||Sugar free baked apple||Vegetarian soup, boiled rice, chicken meat, compote||Morse||Mashed potatoes, steamed fish, rosehip decoction|
|Thursday||Vermicelli, lean meat, tea||Cottage cheese dumplings, sour cream||Vegetable soup, cabbage rolls, jelly||Fruit||Rice, cooked in milk, tea|
|Friday||Yogurt||Apple mousse||Borsch, lean meat, jelly||Cracker, tea||Mashed potatoes, steamed fish, vegetable salad, mineral water|
|Saturday||Steamed schnitzel, buckwheat porridge, tea||Boiled carrots, ground||Milk soup, cottage cheese pudding, compote||kissel||Semolina, mineral water|
|Sunday||Potatoes, fish, tea||Baked Apple||Borsch, steam cutlets, compote||Rosehip decoction, dry biscuits||cheesecakes, omelette, mineral water|
Kefir is allowed daily at night.
The 5 diet, like any other diet for chronic gastritis, has been observed for a long time (one and a half to two years). To eat in small portions, 5-6 once a day. Exclude all fried, coarse and heavy food. Try to adhere to these rules after the expiration of the diet.
Treatment of gastritis in children
“Gastritis. Treatment. Diet ”- even adults perceive these words with caution, because not everyone can so easily give up their usual lifestyle and fundamentally change the nutrition system. And then what about the children? But especially for such cases, there is a diet for the child with gastritis – delicious, developed taking into account the characteristics of the children’s body and the diet necessary for the normal functioning of the entire digestive system.
Nutritionists have developed many menu options for treating children, but the basis for all was the diet for Pevsner gastritis. It provides for 6 meals, the diet consists of well-cooked and mashed mashed foods.
- Breakfast: steamed omelette, grated cheese, cocoa.
- Snack: jelly, apple, baked with honey.
- Lunch: carrot soup with rice (pureed), veal meatballs, juice.
- Snack: kefir / yogurt.
- Dinner: cottage cheese and fruit puree, boiled shrimps, tea with honey and milk.
With the exacerbation of gastritis such food is categorically not suitable, but for a chronic illness (not in the acute stage) it will fit.
To begin with, the first 2-3 days of a diet to spend on juices, which will remove toxins. The following 2-3 of the day ration to make from fruit. It is better to choose juicy apples, pears, grapes, pineapples, peaches, melons. The next stage is a smooth transition to a more varied diet. Include every day a product from a new group (nuts, cereals, vegetables and fruits).
Making up the menu for every day for a patient with gastritis, it is important that all foods are easily digestible, fiber-rich vegetables and fruits, and cereals. But pepper, garlic, onions, as well as kari and cinnamon are best avoided, as they provoke heartburn. Low-fat dairy products are also useful for gastritis – they allow you to control the secretion of the stomach. Below are recipes made up of what you can eat in diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.
Spinach Potato Soup
- 1 bunch of spinach;
- 1 liter vegetable broth;
- 1 medium potato, sliced;
- 2 tablespoons of oil;
- 1 peeled small tomato;
- quarter onion;
- sea salt to taste.
How to cook:
Heat the oil over low heat and stir in slices of potato, chopped spinach, tomato and finely chopped onion. Pour all the vegetable broth, salt and let simmer.
Rice with vegetables
- 3 cups of rice;
- 5,5 cup of water;
- 2 tablespoons of oil;
- 1 tablespoon of olive oil;
- lemon juice;
- sea salt.
How to cook:
Wash rice and pour water overnight. Boil water with oil and salt, add rice to it. Put a colander or a sieve on the pan in which the rice is brewed and put the vegetables in it. So cook everything over a low heat for 30 minutes. Put the prepared vegetables on a plate, drizzle with olive oil and a few drops of lemon juice. Serve with rice.
Traditional medicine for the treatment of gastritis
In addition to drug treatment and diet, some try to be treated using traditional remedies – infusions, herbal teas. But before choosing any of the proposed recipes, it is important to consult with the attending gastroenterologist – only a doctor can adequately assess which recipes will work for a particular type of gastritis.
- 1 Tool
You will need 1 pieces of chamomile (flowers), yarrow, wormwood, mint, sage. Two teaspoons of the mixture pour a glass of boiling water, wrap, let it brew for half an hour. Drink twice a day at 100 grams 30 minutes before a meal.
- 2 Tool
With increased secretion 3 once a day (2 hours before a meal) eat 100-150 grams of flower honey.
- 3 Tool
For chronic gastritis, a mixture of aloe juice and honey (1: 1 ratio) will help. Drink 1-2 teaspoon twice a day for 30 min. before eating.
- 4 Tool
Coconut water not only has a beneficial effect on a sick stomach, but also replenishes the body with essential minerals and vitamins. For the first 24 hours, coconut water will help your stomach feel better.
- 5 Tool
Freshly squeezed potato juice will also help combat the unpleasant symptoms of gastritis. Eating potato fresh daily 2 or 3 times before meals will help cure chronic gastritis.
Often, in pursuit of a beautiful appearance, exhausting themselves with “hungry” diets, women, although they reach the desired mark on the scales, but the price for it is high – gastritis. Improper diet, food “on the run”, snacking than horrible – the main enemies of the stomach.
But gastritis is a disease, though unpleasant, but easily treatable. This is one of those few ailments, which is easy to get rid of with diet food. Take advantage of our advice and always stay not only beautiful, but also healthy!