Allergy is a too active reaction of the immune system, arising from the fact that the protective cells of the body mistakenly identify substances entering the body as dangerous, and begin to fight them. Anything can become the cause of an allergy: insect bites, animal hair, dust, even substances that seem harmless at first glance, like water or vegetables.
However, most often, undesirable reactions are caused by contact with products containing an increased amount of proteins and fats. Often allergic reactions occur due to the use of products for the digestion of which special enzymes are needed. If the body does not have time to produce the right amount of enzymes, food cannot be fully digested, and intestinal upsets, rashes, or other reactions occur.
To reduce the likelihood of an allergy, it is very important to follow the diet and follow simple rules: exclude potentially dangerous foods, eat enough green vegetables, fruits (dried fruits), gluten-free cereals, eat small meals, do not overeat (follow the daily norms of proteins, fats, carbohydrates and calories), drink enough water, do not skip meals and eat regularly.
- 1 Permitted products
- 2 What products to exclude from the menu
- 3 Sample menu of a common hypoallergenic diet
- 4 Atopic dermatitis diet
- 5 Diet recipes
- 6 Features of the menu for nursing mothers
- 7 Re-introduction of hypersensitivity products
- 8 Consequences of not following the diet for allergies
In the case of food allergy, an important element of treatment will be a special diet. It is based on products that are considered hypoallergenic, that is, do not cause negative reactions from the immune system.
Safe for allergy sufferers is considered white poultry (turkey and chicken), vegetable oil, rice, buckwheat, oatmeal, sour-milk products, green vegetables, potatoes, unsalted feta cheese, apples and pears of green varieties, unleavened bread (unleavened), crackers made of white bread without additives, dried fruits, green and black tea.
The set of authorized foods is individual, so an exact diet for a particular person should be made together with your doctor.
Try to diversify your diet by eating the same product no more than once per 3-4 of the day. This is necessary to ensure that specific product proteins do not accumulate in the body, and do not cause the development of a new bout of allergy.
When hypoallergic diet should abandon the following products:
- a fish;
- smoked products;
- hard cheese;
- canned and pickled vegetables and fruits;
- mayonnaise and ketchup;
- a pineapple;
- all orange or red berries, or fruits;
- spicy vegetables (radish, radish, horseradish);
- skim milk and dairy products;
- pastry, fresh bread and pastries.
If you notice undesirable reactions (rash, puffiness, runny nose) after eating any other products (outside this list), they should also be completely excluded.
To create an antihistamine diet menu for a week, be sure to consider not only hypersensitivity to certain foods, but also the likelihood of a “cross allergy”. So, often people suffering from hay fever during the flowering period of birch trees cannot tolerate apples, plums, and hazelnuts (hazelnuts). And hypersensitivity to coffee almost always means an active reaction of the body to legumes.
With a pronounced reaction to cow’s milk, it is better to abandon veal and beef, as well as soy and products containing gastric enzymes in cattle.
Intolerance to carrots may also indicate an increased sensitivity to parsley, celery, vitamin A and carotene.
If you are allergic to fish, it is advisable to exclude fish and seafood, as well as avoid contact with food for aquarium fish, which is made from daphnia (water flea).
The proposed menu of the hypoallergenic diet is indicative and can be changed or supplemented by the recommendation of an allergist or a nutritionist.
The first day
Breakfast: millet porridge with prunes, green tea.
Lunch: cream of cauliflower soup, steam meatballs from turkey, apple jelly.
Dinner: rice porridge with boiled beef or low-fat pork, low-fat kefir.
Breakfast: fat-free yogurt, 2 cracker made from wheat bread with avocado, tea.
Lunch: stewed cabbage with rice, dried fruit compote.
Dinner: beef goulash, boiled potatoes, pear.
The third day
Breakfast: pasta with steamed vegetables, tea.
Lunch: porridge, apple, compote.
Dinner: boiled fish, stewed zucchini, jelly.
Breakfast: fruit salad, yogurt with biscuit cookies.
Lunch: lean borscht, steam meatballs, juice.
Dinner: pork stewed vegetables, tea.
Breakfast: oatmeal with fruit, tea.
Lunch: vegetable soup with beef, kefir, fruit.
Dinner: porridge with vegetables, jelly.
Breakfast: turkey sandwich, yogurt, fruit.
Lunch: meat soup, banana, tea.
Supper: macaroni, cabbage salad, compote.
Breakfast: vegetable casserole with tea.
Lunch: vegetable stew, steamed croquettes, yogurt.
Dinner: porridge with cutlet, fruit jelly.
Atopic dermatitis diet
Chronic allergy – atopic dermatitis – requires maximum attention to nutrition. All recipes should be as simple as possible, and the quality of the products does not cause the slightest doubt.
For atopic dermatitis, wheat, bananas, honey and sugar, red and orange vegetables, fruits or berries, milk and dairy products, eggs, fatty meats and fish, chocolate, seasonings and spices, coffee, vinegar, nuts, sweets should be excluded from the menu , spicy dishes.
Cook soups from soaked vegetables and cereals, steam cutlets made from turkey or lean meat, casseroles, vegetable purees with the addition of vegetable oil, porridge from authorized cereals, dried fruit compotes.
Corn porridge in a slow cooker (steamer)
Pour the washed corn grits (200 grams) into a steaming bowl and pour water in the ratio of 1 to 4 (4 cups of water for each cup of grits). Set the double boiler timer for 30 minutes.
At the end of the cycle, the porridge should be slightly salted, add a couple of tablespoons of vegetable oil and mix well. If necessary, add some hot water. Turn on the steamer for another 5 minutes. Turn off the steamer with porridge, leave closed for 10-15 minutes, so that it is well steamed. When serving, porridge can be added to stewed vegetables, meatballs or natural yogurt.
If you want to cook a large portion of porridge at once, keep in mind that it will take more time to warm and cook it.
Dinner at the multicooker
Peeled, washed and cut into pieces of potatoes, and cauliflower pour water for an hour. Divide the soaked vegetables: put the potatoes in the bowl of the multicooker, and the cauliflower in the consignment steamer (upper compartment). Cover the cabbage on top with slices of turkey fillet (cut the meat into medium-sized pieces, you can slightly beat off). Sprinkle with a small amount of sea salt and cook for an hour in the “Steamer” mode.
Serve the finished dish better with natural yogurt or low-fat sour cream.
During lactation, it is important to monitor the nutrition of a nursing mother, since food directly affects the quality of breast milk and its composition. So, when eating chocolate, citrus, too fatty foods, or products containing dyes, flavors, or other synthetic additives (stabilizers, emulsifiers), the baby’s weak immune system may react too violently: rash on the cheeks, colic, bloating, constipation, or diarrhea.
Particular attention should be paid to food mothers, who themselves suffer from allergies. It is proved that the tendency to increased food sensitivity is inherited, which means that the likelihood of allergies in children, one (or both) of whose parents suffer from allergies, is much higher.
In this case, the basis of the diet of a nursing mother should be dairy-free cereals, vegetarian soups made from permitted vegetables and cereals, fruits and berries of soft flowers, dried fruits.
Re-introduction of hypersensitivity products
A long hypoallergenic diet can cause the development of hypovitaminosis or a lack of minerals, therefore, most often, doctors prescribe an additional intake of vitamin-mineral complexes.
After a period of strict diet, when all the manifestations of allergies (rash, swelling, runny nose) completely disappeared, you should gradually begin to introduce new foods.
Thus, you can accurately determine the products that cause a particular reaction. In addition, there are frequent situations when a rash or bloating is observed after exceeding a certain dose of the product. For example, one toast of wheat bread does not cause discomfort, but after two or three pieces, there are already unpleasant sensations in the stomach, itching or a rash on the skin. This means that in order to prevent allergic reactions, you will only need not exceed safe portions of products for you.
Remember that products must be administered one at a time, starting with a serving of 10 grams on the first day, gradually increasing to 150 grams over the course of a week. If after a week of continuous consumption there is no re-reaction, the product can be considered authorized and used in the daily diet (in reasonable quantities).
A new product can be entered no earlier than 2 weeks after the previous one has been completely entered.
Be sure to keep a food diary, where write down not only a detailed list of all the foods eaten per day, but also your well-being, presence / absence of allergic reactions. This will help you more accurately track reactions to certain combinations of products.
Consequences of not following the diet for allergies
Having noticed manifestations of allergy in your child or yourself, do not delay your visit to the doctor, and immediately begin to follow a hypo-allergenic diet.
It is very important to eliminate contact with the allergen as soon as possible, because otherwise a one-time intolerance attack can develop into a chronic form – atopic dermatitis.
In addition, against the background of constant non-compliance with the diet for allergies, the development of colitis, flatulence, the addition of secondary skin infections (including fungal infections) and even the development of depressive states are possible.