Anemia, tuberculosis, pneumonia are serious diseases that require a long recovery. Long-lasting and debilitating diseases deplete the body of a patient who is unable to fight infections. Restore health and vital energy designed therapeutic diet. Table №11 is aimed at the rehabilitation of body functions, improving immunity and general improvement of well-being.
Purpose and purpose of the diet
The therapeutic method developed by the Soviet nutritionist Manuel Pevzner is used for tuberculosis of the respiratory tract, bone tissue, lymph nodes. Of the diseases caused by the Koch bacillus, this technique is not used only in cases of intestinal lesions. For the treatment of tuberculosis, a diet is prescribed at the stages of recovery or mild exacerbation.
In addition, the abundant food of the eleventh table is designed to restore vitality after heavy operations and injuries. Infectious diseases also often lead to a decrease in body weight, which the 11 table returns to normal.
For patients with anemia and croupous pneumonia, healthful nutrition helps to compensate for the lack of biologically active nutrients and bring hemoglobin levels back to normal.
Patients of any category during the diet strengthens the immune system, increases the overall resistance to infectious diseases, normalizes weight. Diet is not prescribed for concomitant severe gastrointestinal diseases, liver and heart.
Principles of therapeutic nutrition
In patients with tuberculosis, anemia, or pneumonia, body weight is often reduced to a critical rate. An emaciated body is less resistant to the disease, which can cause the illness to last for years. The Pevzner treatment method is designed to quickly return the weight of the patient to normal, which will help him fight infections and fungi.
Together with the normalization of body weight, the patient receives a maximum of nutrients, vitamins, healthy salts. The technique is built on the principle of a healthy lifestyle, but with an increase in the calorie content of food. The diet is 5 meals per day, the last of which should occur no later than 2 hours before bedtime.
Every day, the patient should dial at least 3000 kcal, but an increase in calorie more than 3500 kcal is undesirable. The purpose of the diet is to bring the body as a whole and weight back to normal, but within a reasonable framework, obesity should not be allowed. The required number of kilocalories should be gained from protein foods and plant fiber. Animal and vegetable fats, slow carbohydrates remain within the framework of needs or increase slightly.
No requirements for chemical, thermal or mechanical deactivation are given. Food can be cooked in any available way, fried is allowed, but its quantity should be moderate – no more than once a day. Stewed and baked dishes, natural desserts, thick soups and borscht are best suited.
In order to fill the deficiency of vitamins, it is recommended to eat more seasonal plant foods: leafy vegetables, herbs, berries, fruits of local origin. It is important to choose only the most useful products. For example, grapes in winter will not bring any benefit and will not make up for shortages, like oranges in summer.
Be sure to have dairy and sour-milk products in the menu for tuberculosis. It is recommended to use natural milk of cows, goats, sheep. Such foods are essential for replenishing calcium and healthy animal fats. In case of anemia, the amount of whole dairy products should be determined by the doctor, since it interferes with the absorption of iron.
Weight gain and recovery should occur correctly. Calorie intake should not increase due to too fatty foods and convenience foods. For any disease, the menu should be excluded:
- chips and crackers, flavored snacks;
- ready-made cakes, cream cakes, chocolate with filling;
- artificial seasonings and spices;
- beef and mutton fat;
- substandard sausages;
- cheap cheeses, processed cheese;
- shop sauces and pastes (fish oil, mayonnaise, sandwich pastes);
- instant coffee, sweet soda, energy, alcohol.
The amount of sugar and salt must be reduced. You can sweeten drinks and homemade desserts with honey or maple syrup. To add flavor to dishes without salt, you can use herbs and greens: basil, cilantro, marjoram, rosemary, etc. Spices from natural ingredients: turmeric, cinnamon, cloves, nutmeg, paprika, etc. are not prohibited.
It is advisable to build food so that carbohydrates predominate at the beginning and in the middle of the day, and in the evening one should give preference to protein and plant foods. Fruits are suitable for breakfast and lunch, and in the afternoon, it is better to eat fresh vegetables and drink sour milk drinks.
Be sure to introduce nuts to replenish the supply of essential amino acids, vegetable fats, vitamins. Any available varieties are suitable: cashew, walnut, forest, peanuts. It is also recommended to use sesame seeds, flax, poppy seeds. They can be added to desserts, vegetable salads, unsweetened pastries.
Salads need to be seasoned with sour cream, vegetable oil, lemon juice. Mayonnaise and other purchased sauces should be discarded. It is advisable to eat a portion of liquid food every day: broths, fish soup, borscht, cream soups. They can be prepared on a secondary meat broth, fish, mushroom. It is not forbidden to add cereals and pasta to the first.
The exact menu and set of products for the patient need to check with your doctor. The composition of the diet is influenced by the type and degree of the disease, the stage of recovery, the presence of concomitant diseases. Arbitrary dietary changes may aggravate the patient’s position.
To create a menu for the rehabilitation of pneumonia, tuberculosis or anemia is not difficult. Diet implies the maximum range of foods and possible dishes. Allowed lean types of meat, fish, seafood. Porridge can be cooked from any cereals, add to them roast, stew or vegetables.
From cheese and sausage products, you can choose only quality products. Before buying, be sure to examine the composition and avoid long lists consisting of obscure abbreviations and words.
Baking is not prohibited, but its quantity should be in moderate limits. You can eat white and rye bread, pies, biscuits and oatmeal cookies, gingerbread cookies. It is better to give preference to home baking, in no case should you use street products.
The 11 diet allows for canned fish and meat, but their quality should not be in doubt. Again, before buying you need to familiarize yourself with the composition and well inspect the container. If the product is in a tin, it should not have depressions and tubercles, chipped pieces. Covers on glass jars should not have rust or blistering.
The diet should be formulated so that the patient receives all the necessary components. Consider an example of such a menu for the week.
Breakfast: scrambled eggs with bell pepper and cheese, bread, coffee with milk.
Lunch: carrot juice with nuts.
Lunch: pearl barley soup, stew with chicken and vegetables, tea.
Snack: vegetable salad, juice.
Dinner: pork chop, steam broccoli, wheat porridge.
Breakfast: sandwiches with cheese and tomatoes, coffee.
Lunch: tea with dried fruits.
Lunch: pickle, buckwheat with mushrooms and onions, bread.
Snack: cottage cheese casserole, apple juice.
Dinner: couscous with dried apricots and lean beef, vegetable salad.
Breakfast: sweet rice porridge with honey and raisins, coffee.
Lunch: bun with poppy seeds and tea.
Lunch: pasta soup, salad with boiled egg and leaf lettuce.
Snack: toast with jam, tea or juice.
Dinner: baked fish with lemon and green beans, rosehip broth.
Breakfast: cottage cheese with sour cream, coffee.
Lunch: a decoction of chamomile, biscuit cookies with seeds.
Lunch: buckwheat soup, noodles with a piece of boiled chicken.
Snack: vinaigrette, plum juice.
Dinner: chicken fillet with braised cabbage, bread, juice.
Breakfast: potato pancakes with sour cream, tea or coffee.
Lunch: pie with cottage cheese and greens, apple juice.
Lunch: soup, buckwheat with meatballs in tomato sauce, bread.
Snack: yogurt or fermented baked milk.
Dinner: casserole with a rabbit and cauliflower, light salad, linden tea.
Breakfast: mashed potatoes with a chop, tea or coffee.
Lunch: fresh fruit.
Lunch: soup, millet porridge with chicken chop, bread.
Snack: carrot muffin, tea with chamomile.
Dinner: boiled rice with a fish patty, a salad of bell pepper, herbs and feta.
Breakfast: buckwheat with milk and honey, coffee.
Lunch: semolina pudding, tea.
Lunch: soup with cauliflower, pilaf with lean meat, bread.
Snack: compote, a plate of cottage cheese with dried apricots.
Dinner: baked zucchini and eggplant, chicken Kiev, cherry juice.
The considered nutritional option is common for recovery, and cannot be used for complications or concomitant diseases. Each patient must consult a doctor before making a diet, since each picture of the disease is individual and requires a careful approach.
Diet number 11 is quite diverse and provides an opportunity to show imagination. It is better to make the menu in advance in order to stock up on time with food, find recipes and time to cook.
Table number 11 is easy to adhere, since it practically does not exclude familiar products. Dietary dishes can be cooked tasty, even if they are without salt. The whole family can adhere to this kind of food, which further simplifies the observance of the method.
Cheesecakes with carrots are healthy, tasty and suitable for children and adults. To prepare them you need:
- half a kilo of cottage cheese;
- 2 spoons of honey or maple syrup;
- 2 tablespoons of semolina or oatmeal;
- 2 chicken eggs;
- one medium carrot.
Peel and grate the carrots, let them stand and then drain the juice. Carrot juice can be left, then you have to add another spoon of semolina. Knead the dough of eggs, semolina and cottage cheese, sweeten. In the kneaded dough to enter the carrots and mix well. Formed cheesecakes fry in the usual way, it is better to use a double boiler or bake them in the oven.
Soup with cauliflower is easy to prepare, you can store it in the refrigerator for up to two days. It will require:
- 200 Mr. Chicken or Rabbit;
- one cauliflower head;
- large sweet pepper;
- one carrot;
Wash the fillets need to boil until half ready, then drain the first broth. Again, put the meat in water and put on the fire, there add the chopped vegetables and half the carrots. Separately, saute the leeks and leftover carrots, fry them in the soup and cook 15 for another minute over low heat. Over 5 minutes until ready to add chopped greens.
Zrazy stuffed for dinner or lunch, perfectly in tune with boiled rice. For their preparation will need:
- a pound of lean pork;
- 250 ml of milk;
- bread flesh;
- 100 butter;
- 2 large bulbs;
- 2 chicken eggs;
- bunch of greens.
Meat with one bulb mince. Soak the bread flesh in milk and squeeze, add to the pork and knead the stuffing. Separately fry the remaining onions, and boil eggs hard, combine them, add chopped greens and melted butter. In a stuffing wrap a little stuffing, form a patty. Fry zrazy in breading until cooked.
Diet №11 during pregnancy
Women in the position can prescribe this diet if anemia is diagnosed or there is a risk of disease. The rules of the diet remain almost unchanged, but the set of products will be slightly different.
Pregnant women are given more fortified food. At the same time, products that have an increased allergenicity are often minimized: red and orange fruits, nuts, citrus.
Daily caloric content remains within 3000-3500 kcal. The diet should be controlled by the patient herself. If there is no desire to eat, it is impossible to force oneself in any case. Ladies expecting a child are supposed to increase the amount of food at the expense of healthy and low-calorie products. Animal fat is limited, but always remains on the menu.
The main requirement for pregnant women is a variety of diets, since anemia can be caused by a lack of iron, proteins, minerals, vitamins. All necessary components must be present in the diet with a bias on protein and fiber. The list of recommended products will depend on what exactly causes the disease.
It is impossible to use the table No. 11 without the recommendation of the doctor. The doctor needs to clarify the complete list of prohibited products, which is compiled on the basis of analyzes, the degree of illness, trimester, the presence of other diseases.
11 diet can be prescribed for the child. In this case, the principles of nutrition remain the same as for adults. Be sure to introduce easily digestible proteins into the menu: fish, eggs, rabbit meat, Brussels sprouts, cereals. Food in the children’s menu should be minimally salted. The amount of sweets is also minimized.
During the period of recovery and compliance with the diet, alcohol and nicotine are completely contraindicated in the patient. Tuberculosis, anemia and pneumonia cause severe damage to health, and harmful substances can negate the treatment.
Such diseases must be accompanied by drug therapy. Alcohol neutralizes the effect of most medicinal preparations, which will lead to the extension of the disease itself and therapy. A craze for nicotine on the background of pulmonary tuberculosis significantly shortens the life of the patient. With pneumonia, smoking can cause a more serious illness.
In the course of compliance with the diet number 11 recommend to use additional vitamins. Their composition should be discussed with the doctor, as with each disease the body loses certain components of life. So the patient will quickly recover and replenish vitality.
In general, the eleventh Pevsner diet is easy to follow, does not require menu restrictions or the availability of inaccessible foods. Patients recover more quickly after infectious diseases and injuries, lead to normal weight, well-being and, as a result, a positive vital attitude.