Diet No. 3 is a special nutrition system compiled by the Soviet scientist Manuel Pevzner. The therapeutic diet is aimed at restoring intestinal motility and normalizing the digestive process. Disruptions in the digestive tract are a common problem. Diseases associated with this phenomenon are most often caused by malnutrition, a sedentary lifestyle, and poor-quality food. All these items are present in the lives of most working people and students. Also, diet No. 3 is often prescribed for older people, since intestinal motility decreases.
It is extremely necessary to treat diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, as they are capable of progressing from a minor problem to serious diseases. The third diet according to Pevzner will allow to prevent such progressions in time. More about the diet, what you can eat, how to cook and how, finally, to return to the normal menu.
The essence of the diet №3
The entire cycle of diets developed by M. Pevzner is aimed at treating various groups of diseases: gastritis, ulcers, pancreatitis, infectious diseases, urolithiasis, etc. The medical diets created in the middle of the last century have been successfully used by doctors so far. Each diet is called a “table” and has its own sequence number.
The third of this cycle is prescribed for patients with constipation caused by chronic bowel disease. It is prescribed in the stage of an unsharp or fading exacerbation, or without exacerbations. Suitable for diabetes, but with a large restriction of foods. The purpose of the diet is to restore the motility of the gastrointestinal tract, improve metabolism, stimulate the restoration of the mucous membrane of the stomach and intestines.
Gastrointestinal motility is a motor activity of the digestive tract. If this function is impaired, the patient has constipation and other stool disorders, since the residual masses do not move through the intestines. To restore this function, table No. 3 provides food that stimulates the motor activity of the digestive tract. These are fresh vegetables, sour-milk drinks, cereals. These are mainly high fiber foods.
Prohibited foods that cause rotting and fermentation. It is fried, too greasy, carbonated, pickled, smoked. These products are not recommended in large volumes and to healthy people, and they are generally contraindicated for patients on the third diet.
The 3 table is a complete and balanced diet. A day you need to consume at least 2500 kcal and all the necessary power components. Proteins must be present (approximately 100 g per day), so the basis of the diet will be fiber. If there is a lot of fiber, but no protein, its coarse fibers swell and also lead to fermentation. In addition, every day you need to eat carbohydrates and fats (vegetable and animal).
The diet is typical for most therapeutic diets. Per day you need to consume small portions of 4-6. It is important not to endure too long pauses between meals, and there is an 3-4 hour every hour. Portions should be moderate, not too big, but not tiny. The optimal volume of one meal should be placed in two palms.
It is recommended to start the morning with a glass of water with honey or juice. At night it is useful to drink kefir, yogurt or eat some dried fruits, prunes are best. Food is recommended to boil in water or milk, bake, steam. Fried foods and dense crust are excluded.
To better understand the diet, consider the list of products: what is possible, what is impossible.
Products for table №3
Vegetables and fruits will form the basis of the diet. Only pickled, salted, pickled species are excluded. You can eat plant food in raw or cooked form. It is not necessary to grind them; on the third diet, it is more beneficial to consume large-sized food. Limit the use of potatoes, white cabbage and peas.
Of vegetables are prohibited: onions, radishes, garlic, radishes, turnips. All kinds of mushrooms, sometimes you can make broth from them, but the fruits themselves are not there.
Of fruits and berries it is forbidden: quince, blueberries and dogwood.
Flour products also increase intestinal motility. You can eat wheat bread 2 varieties. Rye – only if well tolerated (it is best to check with your doctor). Any pastries should be yesterday. Dried products, dry biscuit and cookies, drying are great.
It is forbidden to eat fresh pastries, noodles, pastries and puff pastries, pastries made from premium flour.
Meat and fish should be lean (low-fat varieties): veal, beef, rabbit, chicken, hake, cod. It is necessary to ensure that the fillet does not have tendons, fascia and veins. Limit pork and lamb (no more than 2 once a week). Any seafood other than canned is allowed.
Smoked meat and fish, canned food from them, fatty species are prohibited.
Cereals can be part of soups, cereals, casseroles. Porridge should be friable, not sticky. Soups and borscht – thick.
For the diet is prohibited: semolina, rice, legumes, sago.
Eggs can be steamed, added to dishes, boiled soft boiled, made omelets with vegetables or cheese.
It is forbidden to fry eggs and cook hard boiled.
From dairy products you can eat non-acidic cottage cheese in its natural form, nonfat milk, natural yogurt. In dishes, you can add cream, sour cream, hard cheese.
It is necessary to exclude acute types of cheese, too fatty dairy products.
Desserts are desirable to use at home: marmalade, jelly, marshmallow, marshmallow. Fruit soups, smoothies, salads and whole fruits (except prohibited) are suitable.
Exclude products with chocolate and cream. Fresh pastries, biscuit (except dry), soft cookies are also not allowed. Ready-made confectionery can be eaten, but not much with normal tolerance (without cream and chocolate).
Drinks: you can weak tea, chicory, any natural juices, compotes. It is recommended to drink a decoction of wild rose and bran to improve the digestive tract.
Not allowed: natural coffee, cocoa, jelly, strong tea.
Sauces and spices can be used in minimal quantities and only natural ones. You can use greens to brighten the taste: parsley, dill, bay leaf.
Sharp spices and sauces need to be excluded: adjika, black and red pepper, horseradish, mustard, etc. Fatty sauces such as mayonnaise are also prohibited.
Food can be prepared in refined vegetable and butter. It is forbidden to use animal fat and culinary varieties: margarine, spread. If the 3 diet is prescribed for diabetes, in addition, products containing sugar are removed from the list: carrots, beets, bananas, confectionery, etc.
The list of products is quite wide, in the list of prohibited – literally several items. Thanks to this, it will not be difficult to make your daily diet. To eat delicious on a diet and not violate the rules of clinical nutrition, you can replenish the list of recipes. Healthy eating is now very common, and finding recipes that are suitable for a diet is very simple. Table number 3 is often prescribed for a long time and treatment should not be a burden or torture. Therefore, it is so important that the diet is varied.
Recipes for table №3
Be sure to eat liquid food once a day. For table number three, you can prepare a light broth, borsch, soup cold or warm. It is better to give preference to vegetable decoctions. Consider a complex version of cold vegetable soup and some unusual recipes from ordinary products.
Have to take:
- 2 medium boiled beets;
- a slice of lemon;
- 0,5 l low-fat yogurt;
- 1 Art. liter. sugar;
- chopped parsley and dill.
One beet must be cut into cubes, and the second be grated on a fine or coarse grater. From grated – squeeze the juice. Lemon also cut into small pieces. Cubes of beetroot and lemon put in a plate, sprinkle with sugar, pour on top of kefir and beetroot juice. Add greens and mix. Ready soup to stand in the refrigerator.
Have to take:
- 100 g carrots;
- 50 grams of sugar;
- 10 g of gelatin;
- citric acid.
Peeled carrots should be cut into arbitrary cubes or strips and cook until ready. Then drain half of the water into a separate container, pour sugar and citric acid into it, put in a boil. Carrots with the remaining broth to wipe until smooth. Mix syrup, carrot mass and prepared gelatin. Jelly divided into portions and cool in the refrigerator.
Have to take:
- 1 egg yolk;
- 50 ml of vegetable oil;
- 1 tsp sugar or substitute;
- 2 tsp citric acid solution.
Beat the yolk with sugar or xylitol, slowly adding vegetable oil. When the mass becomes thick and homogeneous, you need to add citric acid and mix everything. This sauce is also suitable for diabetes.
To make it easier to make your therapeutic diet, consider a sample menu for the week for diet number three.
Menu for table №3
As already mentioned, a day you definitely need to eat some raw fresh vegetables and fruits, a portion of soup or borscht and crumbly cereals.
In the morning: non-sour cottage cheese with fresh fruit, tea with milk.
For lunch: vegetable soup with meatballs, slices of dried bread.
For a snack: crackers with raisins, juice.
In the evening: buckwheat with steamed chicken meatball, fresh tomato or vegetable salad.
Before going to bed: apple juice.
In the morning: omelette with cheese and steamed tomatoes, chicory with milk or cream.
At lunch: beetroot soup with bread.
For a snack: tea with meringue or marshmallow.
In the evening: cauliflower casserole with meat.
Bedtime: a little sour milk.
In the morning: two soft-boiled eggs, boiled milk sausage, tea.
At lunch: diet borsch, a little sour cream, bread.
For a snack: baked apples with honey, a little cinnamon.
In the evening: stewed rabbit or veal cutlets, vegetable salad.
Bedtime: a few prunes, juice.
In the morning: oatmeal porridge in milk with dried apricots, tea.
At lunch: fish soup with greens, bread.
For snack: drying, tea with milk, fruit.
In the evening: carrot pancakes, a little sour cream, juice.
In the morning: steam omelette, sandwich with homemade pate, tea with milk.
At lunch: broth with meat and vegetables, crackers.
For a bite: toast from 2 bread varieties, honey, tea or juice.
In the evening: baked fish, vinaigrette.
Bedtime: natural yogurt, dried apricots.
In the morning: squash fritters (without a crust), a little sour cream, tea.
At lunch: soup of vegetables in mushroom broth, crackers.
For snack: fresh fruit.
In the evening: steamed cauliflower, boiled veal or a slice of lean pork.
Bedtime: sour milk.
In the morning: oatmeal with fresh fruit, chicory with cream.
At lunch: okroshka (without potatoes).
For snack: vegetable salad, dressed with oil.
In the evening: noodles with minced meat, juice.
Bedtime: a handful of prunes.
You can make personal adjustments to the sample menu. The longer the diet is observed, the easier it will be to make the menu. The main thing is not to go beyond the rules of the diet and consult a doctor. It is not recommended to “prescribe” such a diet for gastrointestinal diseases on one’s own. A healthy person can periodically use the table number 3, but with interruptions.
In order to return to the usual diet as quickly as possible, it is important to strictly follow all the rules of this diet: eat fractional, do not overeat, do not starve, drink enough water.
So that prohibited foods are not “seduced” by appetizing, it is better not to keep them in the refrigerator or in the kitchen. It is necessary to be very attentive on holidays and during meals at a party. It is unlikely that the festive table will be dietary casseroles and soups. Do not hesitate to ask what is included in the dish and choose only what you can eat.
Those who work in strict mode will have to learn how to take homemade food with them. Cooking a healing meal takes time, but a progressive illness can take a lot more effort, money, and time. And diets for gastritis and ulcers are much more difficult to follow than this. If possible, it is recommended to carry fresh fruits, dryers, compotes for a snack (and do not even stop near the booths with fast food).
Good for intestinal motility is affected by physical activity and exercise. It is not necessary to sign up in the gym, you can do exercises in the morning. Exercises right in the bed will be suitable for the laziest: lifting the legs and body, 15-20 times. Also useful are walks in the fresh air and climbing stairs. If there is not much time for walking, you can just get out of the minibus a little earlier and walk at a leisurely pace.
To normalize digestion and avoid future diseases of the gastrointestinal tract and peristalsis, it is useful to eat at the same time, in medium portions, limit fried and fatty. It is also important to remember that alcohol and smoking create “favorable” conditions for severe gastrointestinal diseases, disrupt the mucous membrane, and provoke gastritis and ulcers.