The main guidelines of modern cosmetology are safety and quality. That is why injections of hyaluronic acid are becoming more and more popular every year and receive numerous positive reviews. Procedures of this kind are also distinguished by their versatility: they are performed for hydration, skin condition improvement, correction of cheekbones, cheeks, lips and other parts of the face. If necessary, used to rejuvenate the neck, décolleté and hands.
Hyaluronic acid used in cosmetology is of synthetic or animal origin, it is present in the human body in its natural form. It occurs in saliva, cartilage, biological lubrication, dermis.
With sunburn, the synthesis of hyaluronic acid slows down, and the breakdown of existing molecules increases. Approximately the same changes occur with age, as a result, the skin condition worsens, it becomes drier, wrinkles, peeling and a number of other defects appear.
The introduction of artificial hyaluronic acid makes up for its deficiency in the patient’s body and favorably affects the state of the dermis. When choosing a specific drug, pay attention to the method of its production, animal products in half the cases cause allergies or rejection, synthetic ones are safer.
Hyaluronic acid injections are used immediately in several areas of cosmetology. So on their basis the following procedures are carried out:
- biorevitalization (the drug is biorevitalizant). The technique is intended to moisturize the skin, improve its condition, reduce small individual facial wrinkles and prevent their appearance.
- Revitalization (drug – revitalizant). The technique is similar to biorevitalization by the principle of action, the means for its implementation have a richer composition, may contain antioxidants, and other useful elements.
- Mesotherapy (the drug is a mesococktail). The task is to saturate the skin with vitamins and useful elements. Hyaluronic acid in this case is not the main, but an auxiliary component.
- Injection (contour) plastic (drug – filler). The task is to eliminate deep folds, add volume of myagialuronic acid to tissues. The products used in this case are dense and viscous fillers of voids in the dermis.
- Bioreparation (the drug is a bioreparant). A comprehensive technique aimed at improving the condition of the skin and its hydration. Formulations for its administration include hyaluronic acid, vitamins, and minerals. The purpose of the exercise is moisturizing, launching internal regeneration processes.
Indications for use
Hyaluronic acid injections are given for indications and for preventive purposes. It is believed that the procedures based on it are justified when:
- the presence of facial and age wrinkles of varying severity;
- the need for face lifting;
- soft tissue deficiency;
- insufficient lip volume;
- the need for minimally invasive rhinoplasty;
- increased dryness of the skin and the presence of peeling.
Principle of the procedure
Hyaluronic acid injections, regardless of the purpose of their implementation, are made quite quickly, on average, a cosmetologist spends about one hour on procedures. Before injection, it is imperative to clarify contraindications, remove makeup and external impurities, treat problem areas with an antiseptic.
The next important step is local anesthesia, when injected into the surface layers of the skin it is not necessary, one cannot do without contouring. During the manipulation, patients experience pain when the integrity of the skin is impaired and when the drug is administered directly. For anesthesia, a special cream is used – anesthetic, it begins to act in 10 minutes after application.
Depending on the purpose of the procedure, the technique and depth of the composition are different. So, biorevitalization, mesotherapy and other similar procedures involve injecting the drug into the surface and middle layers of the dermis, and contouring with hyaluronic acid into the deep layers of the dermis to fill voids and creases. In the first case, injections are injected into many problem points papularly, in the second – the effect is pointwise.
At the end of the procedure, the patient is given the necessary recommendations, there are reviews of individual specialists about the need for additional massage for a more even distribution, but this is not necessary.
Once inside the body, hyaluronic acid begins to attract water molecules. With superficial administration in an insignificant concentration, it improves the condition of the skin, with an increased concentration and viscosity it fills voids and folds, leveling them. In addition, the substance creates a favorable environment for cell regeneration.
The use of dense fillers implies a single administration. After about 9-12 months, the preparations are completely absorbed and a correction is needed. Biorevitalization, revitalization with hyaluronic acid and other surface procedures are carried out by a course of 3-5 procedures with a frequency of about 10 days. Repeated therapy is carried out in 4-6 months.
Mesotherapy, contour plastic surgery, revitalization with hyaluronic acid are safe procedures, however, you should not forget about the presence of contraindications to them. Hyaluronic acid injections are contraindicated during pregnancy, as well as during the feeding of the baby, in the first months after childbirth. This is due to a changeable hormonal background, which in combination with the injected drugs provokes side effects and short-term results. Also, contraindications are supplemented by the following diseases and features:
- allergy (individual intolerance) to the substance;
- inflammation in problem areas;
- open wounds in problem areas;
- recent aggressive cosmetic surgery;
- oncological formations;
- severe stage of any disease;
- bleeding disorder.
Hyaluronic acid injections are not harmful, however, in 9 cases from 10 provoke short-term complications. These include swelling, bruising, papules, discoloration of the skin, hypersensitivity, or soreness. The duration of the negative reaction is up to 5 days. If there are no positive changes, you should visit a second consultation.
In addition to side effects, more serious complications are observed, however, they are much less common. These include tissue necrosis, the development of infection and inflammation. Such phenomena are associated not with hyaluronic acid itself, but with a violation of its management technique and subsequent incorrect skin care.
It takes about a week for the skin to fully recover after injecting hyaluronic acid. The term largely depends on the characteristics of the body of each patient. To consolidate the result:
- Fully limit the mechanical effect on the treated area (including, to reduce the mimic activity on the first day).
- Do not carry out hygienic procedures for 24 hours, then wash with warm or cool water, avoid high temperatures.
- Do not visit baths, steam rooms and saunas, other institutions of a similar nature.
- Reduce physical activity to prevent the development of edema and sweat in the puncture of the skin.
- Carry out regular antiseptic treatments with non-alcohol compounds.
- Drink less fluids to reduce the risks of edema.
- To postpone any cosmetic procedures for caring for the treated area for a week.
- If necessary, follow the doctor’s recommendations on the use of antihistamines, anti-inflammatory and other drugs.
- Do not swim in open ponds or pools.
A cosmetologist can expand the list of recommendations at his discretion.
Before and after photos
Hyaluronic acid injections are an indispensable tool in the fight against aging. They are used in cosmetology to moisturize the skin and improve its condition, to fill in the lack of soft tissues in certain areas of the face. Form expressed, but unstable results lasting up to 6 – 12 months. Used drugs within the specified time are completely excreted.