Avoid skin inflammation, the appearance of acne and black spots with regular face cleansing. Mechanical and ultrasonic are very popular among visitors to cosmetic salons. Let’s see in which cases each of the procedures is effective and what are their main differences.
Indications for use
The primary indication for any cleaning is contamination of the skin of the face. Mechanical cleaning – a manual procedure using simple medical devices, recommended for severe contamination, numerous black spots and sebaceous plugs clogging enlarged pores. With its help, you can eliminate blackheads, pimples with white heads and acne, it is great for problem and oily skin in the presence of both superficial and deep pollution.
Ultrasonic cleaning has a less extensive list of indications. With it, black spots, impurities in the pores and dead skin cells that have accumulated on the surface are eliminated. A procedure of this kind is indicated for moderate or mild problems, the effect is only on surface defects, while deep ones are not affected. That is why ultrasound cleaning is recommended for patients with skin in good condition, in order to maintain the already achieved effect.
It should not be considered that cleaning is just a way to remove dirt. After mechanical action, the skin integrates a healthier color, the formation of various nature disappears, the general improvement of the skin is noted. Of course, all these changes are possible only if the manipulations are carried out correctly.
The procedure carried out with the help of ultrasonic radiation, in addition to eliminating surface contaminants, can enhance local blood circulation and oxygen supply to skin cells. In addition, it has a gentle massaging effect, leading to accelerated skin regeneration and the active production of collagen. As a result, the skin of the face becomes not only cleaner, but also toned, small wrinkles disappear.
The algorithm for mechanical and ultrasonic cleaning has many similarities and differences. Both procedures begin with pre-cleansing skin from decorative cosmetics, creams, as well as any surface contaminants. Then, according to indications, light peeling, eliminating dead cells from the surface of the skin, it is carried out to facilitate access to contaminants.
Next step – steaming skin. The purpose of the impact is the maximum opening of the pores for the subsequent accelerated extraction of black dots and sebaceous plugs. It can be carried out using masks, steam baths, special devices.
The main stage is treatment. During mechanical cleaning, it is carried out by hand, as well as using special products made of medical steel (needles, spoons). The principle of exposure is extremely simple and consists in mechanical pressure on problem areas in order to push contaminants onto the skin surface. Such manipulations can be quite painful, but pain relief during the procedure is not provided.
The impact during ultrasonic cleaning is more pleasant and is not associated with any discomfort for the patient. The principle of action is to knock out contaminants from the pores using acoustic vibrations.
At the end of the procedure, it is necessary to conduct an antiseptic treatment of the skin in order to reduce the secretion of sebum and eliminate possible microorganisms. Many cosmetologists prefer to complete the procedure with therapeutic masks, soothing the treated areas of the face.
In some cases, mechanical and ultrasonic cleaning can be combined and carried out jointly in one session, this procedure is called combined and allows for maximum elimination of contamination.
Despite the high level of injuries and pain, mechanical cleaning has a minimum of contraindications. So, the procedure is not performed for violations of the integrity and dermatological skin diseases in the active stage (with dermatitis, eczema, psoriasis, etc.), numerous inflammations, as well as high blood pressure and asthma.
But ultrasound cleaning that is safe at first glance has many more limitations. It is prohibited when:
- The presence of pacemakers, braces, pins and crowns.
- Pathologies of the cardiovascular system.
- Silicone and gel implants.
The safety of the procedures is determined not only by the list of possible contraindications, but also by the side effects that appear after cleaning. Thus, mechanical stress is rightly considered one of the most traumatic and painful. In this regard, it is not practiced in Western Europe and the United States.
Mechanical cleaning often leads to side effects such as swelling, redness, itching, and tightness. They are stored for 3-7 days, which is why procedures of this kind are not carried out on the eve of important events and important events, when you need to look your best. If you neglect contraindications and violate safety precautions during cleaning, inflammation, infection of soft tissues, intensification of acne and scarring are possible.
Ultrasonic cleaning, on the other hand, is not accompanied by any negative reaction of the skin to the effect. The integrity of the treated areas is not violated, due to which pain, discomfort and swelling are completely excluded.
Which is better, mechanical or ultrasonic facial cleansing? There is no single answer to this question; each procedure has its own advantages and disadvantages. So, in the first case, specialists and patients note the high effectiveness of the impact and ease of its implementation, and in the second – the absence of pain and complications. In addition, it must be borne in mind that each method of exposure has its own contraindications, which must be taken into account.