Physical or chemical peeling from acne scars is an indispensable procedure to get rid of the unattractive effects of acne or acne. For most women, such exfoliation is median, because a superficial effect on dense scar tissue is ineffective, and a deep one is prescribed only for aging skin. Special peeling from scars after purulent rashes on the face allows you to forget about the problem after the second procedure.
Cosmetic care for scars
Scars on the body, and even more so on the face, are perceived as an insidious appearance defect that can significantly shake self-esteem and provoke a lot of psychological complexes. However, the formation of densified scar tissue is useful for the body: the scar localizes the site of injury, burns or inflammation, does not allow it to expand and further cover the surrounding tissue. Scarring, including after acne, is a kind of skin protection against the reappearance of abscesses, abscesses and the development of infection.
Dermatologists distinguish four types of scar tissue. Only two types of scars can be veiled by cosmetological methods: normotrophic and hypotrophic, only plastic surgery will help get rid of the rest.
Normotrophic scars are minor formations on the skin, giving it a lumpiness, density and visual roughness. Such defects vary in shape and size, they are the consequences of minor injuries, furunculosis, acne, severe acne, chickenpox or measles. A normotrophic scar resembles a seal or nodule that protrudes above the skin. It rarely resolves on its own and in most cases requires cosmetic intervention in the form of peels. Most often, these scars are classified as post-acne.
Hypotrophic scars are otherwise called “striae”. These are elongated flat stretch marks of white or pink skin, not protruding above its surface. The appearance of striae is associated with a lack of collagen protein filaments, the building material of cells, in the skin. Hypotrophic scars can also be removed using hardware and chemical peels.
It is impossible to completely remove unaesthetic scar tissue from an open area of the skin with cosmetic peeling compounds or by mechanical action. The scar can only be smoothed out, making it less noticeable.
Acne scar treatment is a serious cosmetology technique. Therefore, you should not try to even out scar tissue with home procedures – this is fraught with complications and an increase in scars. A suitable way to get rid of traces of acne for a woman can only be chosen by a cosmetologist or dermatologist. The methodology and number of procedures is prescribed based on the age of the defect, its type, chronic diseases and possible allergic reactions to drugs.
Features of peeling against scar tissue
Hardware and acid exfoliation is considered a proven means of getting rid of shallow striae and nodules after acne. Special peeling from the scars allows you to destroy the upper layer of the dead epidermis, and with it dense scar tissue.
Restructuring of the internal processes in the dermis stimulates the production of collagen and elastin fibers, which contribute to the formation of new skin without old flaws. Therefore, anti-scarring peels are complex procedures that simultaneously help get rid of a network of age and expression wrinkles, age spots, increased skin grease and inflammatory redness.
Physical and chemical peels have a common mechanism for smoothing scars and scars:
- during cosmetic procedures, coarse tissue is dissolved with acids or sanded with small abrasives;
- a peeling session activates metabolic processes in healthy cells, the formation of collagen fibers and the production of hyaluronic acid by the skin are normalized;
- scars exfoliate along with the crusts of the upper layer of the skin. Touching, and even more so independently remove the scabs is strictly prohibited. This leads to the appearance of large depressions;
- after 7-10 days, a new smooth skin forms at the site of the scar.
Most peeling from acne scars have common contraindications:
- the tendency of the skin to the formation of deep and painful keloid scars;
- planned or onset of pregnancy, period of breastfeeding;
- individual intolerance to the active components of peeling formulations;
- rosacea and rosacea;
- herpetic eruptions;
- oncological tumors;
- cardiovascular diseases;
- liver and kidney disease;
- endocrine disruption;
- high blood pressure;
Against fresh scars after acne, superficial and median exfoliation is used. Deep peelings are recommended by doctors in exceptional cases, for example, with chronic scarlet or lilac shades.
The best physical peels for acne
During the mechanical exfoliation procedure, the scar tissue is exposed to a laser beam or small abrasive particles, such as diamond or coral chips. Physical face peeling allows you to smooth out scars after acne for about 3-4 sessions for a long time.
Polishing the skin with laser beams with a certain wavelength helps well with scars left from purulent inflammation. Depending on the depth and prescription of scar tissue, the doctor can independently control the degree of penetration of the light beam, so this peeling can be both median and deep. The laser removes the scar in layers, as a result, fresh scars disappear completely, and old ones become invisible. For a complete transformation, 2-3 laser peeling procedures are enough.
With microdermabrasion, scars after acne are sanded using special nozzles with micron diamond powder spraying. This peeling is a deep type, so the procedure is performed with application anesthesia and requires long-term healing of the skin. Microdermabrasion allows you to forget even about deep scars and stretch marks, because not only the scar, but also the surrounding connective tissue is destroyed during it.
Specialists recommend using surface coral peeling mainly for young skin prone to scarring after acne. During exfoliation, the upper epidermal layers are ground by coral crushed into dust. The effect on the skin is gentle, the recovery period is limited to 5-7 days.
Effective Acid Acne
Acid peeling formulations help to smooth out only shallow scars after acne. Moreover, surface chemical exfoliation for the destruction of scar tissue is powerless. Only median and deep peeling techniques can get rid of scars and nodules. In response to the question of which chemical peeling is better to smooth after acne, cosmetologists give the following rating.
Peeling 35-50% trichloroacetic acid (TCA)
For medium or deep cleansing of the skin using trichloroacetic acid, glycolate is added to the exfoliation product. Such a chemical “neighborhood” allows you to soften scar tissue and completely exfoliate it during 3-5 procedures. TCA peeling significantly injures the skin, so you need to repeat the sessions no more than 1 once a month.
Retinol in the composition of the “yellow” peeling slows down the aging of cells, prolonging their youth by stimulating the production of collagen threads. In addition, the synthetic analogue of vitamin A has a beneficial effect on the microrelief of the skin, gently smoothing out irregularities in the area of boils or small acne.
50% Phenolic Acid Deep Peeling is recommended only for mature and aging skin. The procedure is comparable to plastic surgery – during it the skin of the face is destroyed almost to the level of subcutaneous fat. Phenol peeling is rarely prescribed only to get rid of scars after acne. This indication usually becomes concomitant in the treatment of serious age-related changes.
Whatever the peeling from scars and stretch marks on the face after acne, it is better to conduct it in a cosmetology clinic or beauty salon. Properly selected and performed by the hands of a professional exfoliation will help to correct unpleasant appearance defects in just 2-3 procedures without the risk of complications.