Chemical facial peels: principle, advantages and disadvantages of cleansing – Cosmetology, plastic surgery and diets

Chemical facial peels: principle, advantages and disadvantages of cleansing

Chemical peeling is one of the most popular cosmetic procedures. With the help of peeling, you can clean the pores, refresh the skin tone, get rid of acne and age-related imperfections on the face. The essence of the procedure is to expose the skin to acids and other chemically aggressive compounds. The duration of the procedure depends on the duration of their action and the concentration of the main ingredient.

What is this procedure

Chemical peels – cosmetic procedures aimed at exfoliating dead particles and keratinization, improving the quality and condition of the skin. The fact is that over the years, dead, non-working cells accumulate in our skin. They interfere with the normal functioning of healthy particles of the epidermis, clog pores and block the entry of beneficial components and oxygen into the integument. Externally, these changes are reflected in the form of wrinkles, a decrease in the tone and elasticity of the fibers, and a gray face. Correct the situation by virtue of chemical peeling. Let us consider in more detail what it is, indications and contraindications to its implementation.

What is chemical peeling cosmetology has long been known. The cleansing and healing properties of concentrated lemon juice, fruits and berries, milk baths were known even at the time of Cleopatra. The secret properties of fruit acids were used to combat early skin aging, to improve its condition.

fruit assortment of pineapple, apples, strawberries, grapes, pears

Today, cosmetologists have studied in detail the properties of acids and the benefits of their effects on the skin. It turned out that in addition to cleansing, exfoliating the upper layers of the skin, the chemical components trigger active renewal, normalize the functioning of the sebaceous glands and even have a therapeutic effect in the fight against acne and acne. By increasing the concentration of the acid and changing the ingredients, you can adjust the intensity and gentleness of the effect depending on the problem and skin type.

Operating principle

The principle of chemical peeling of the skin is targeted damage (chemical burn) of the layers of the epidermis, for which concentrated acids or alkali are used. To restore tissue, the body activates skin regeneration, the synthesis of collagen and elastin, building new layers, elastic and elastic. Renewed skin after chemical peeling is free from barriers to normal breathing and the full absorption of nutrients from cosmetics. This has a positive effect on her further condition.

Keep in mind that chemical peeling is considered a pronounced peeling of the integument, redness of the face. These are side effects of the procedure. With proper care, they pass without complications and residual traces.

Attention! Incorrect procedure, violation of concentration, duration of exposure, as well as requirements in preparing the skin for peeling and care after it, threaten with complications and worsening of the condition of the integument. It is strongly recommended that you use the services of an experienced cosmetologist in this matter, and not carry out such serious cosmetic procedures at home.

Benefits and harms of exfoliation for the skin

In professional ethics, chemical peeling is also called exfoliation. The role of this procedure for the skin is great. The timely and correct implementation of such a cleansing guarantees quick and noticeable results, but there are pitfalls that are hidden under this popular procedure. The pros and cons of the method will be discussed in more detail.

Benefits of Cleansing Technique

Advantages of the technique:

  • It guarantees high-quality removal of dead cells, various seals (hyperkeratosis) and keratinization, sebaceous plugs.
  • A quick and noticeable result after the first procedure, and the result from deep acid peeling is comparable even with facial plastic surgery.
  • A wide range of problems to be solved.
  • The components of the peeling product are selected solely by the type of integument, individual characteristics of the client.
  • It is used for young and mature facial skin, to address teenage acne and age-related pigmentation.
  • Corrects existing skin imperfections, and also prevents their appearance in the future.
  • Light, surface cleanings can be carried out at home.
  • Acid peeling can be combined with injection procedures, as well as in preparation for more serious techniques (laser peeling or plastic surgery).
  • Chemical exposure can be performed on the face, body, arms, legs, and even in intimate areas.
  • The price is even available for a course of procedures, plus regular discounts are held in the salons.
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The disadvantages of the chemical procedure

However, chemical cleaning has its drawbacks, which are important to consider when choosing a method:

minus and plus on both sides of the board

  • Most of these procedures should be performed in the cold season (late autumn or winter), so as not to provoke skin pigmentation.
  • An extensive list of contraindications.
  • After peeling for 3 – 6 months, it is imperative to use sunscreen cosmetics to prevent burns and age spots. For the same reason, you can not sunbathe and take sun baths for a long time.
  • Despite the simplicity of actions during exfoliation, the responsibility of the contractor is high. It is important to choose the right composition, concentration, do not overexpose the product on the face and do not wash it off earlier.
  • Many procedures require pre-peeling preparation.
  • After peeling, special care is required, waste on hypoallergenic cosmetic products, masks and wound healing ointments are possible.
  • Get ready to take a vacation, postpone trips to work for the time of restoration of the integument. The rehabilitation period is characterized by severe peeling, redness and sometimes swelling. In a word, a face after chemical peeling does not look attractive at all. In addition, any appearance under the scorching sun is dangerous to burn weakened fibers.
  • There is a risk of complications with the slightest violation of the requirements of the technology and care recommendations.

Before performing chemical peels, be sure to weigh the pros and cons, consult a beautician.

Please note that the absence of complications after peeling with chemical agents depends on the professionalism of the cosmetologist and the responsibility of the client.

Types of chemical exposure

In cosmetology, there are several types of exfoliation of the skin. The procedures differ among themselves in the composition of the product used, in the intensity of the effect on the integument or in the depth of penetration.

According to the composition of the product used, chemical procedures are divided into acid and alkaline peels. Acid peels are single-acid, if one concentrated acid is used, or multicomponent (complex), when several acids are included in the composition of the product.

For acid peeling, concentrates of fruit, alpha-hydroxyl acids or ANA acids (glycolic, lactic, malic, pyruvic and others), as well as trichloroacetic, salicylic, retinoic acid and phenol are used. The choice of composition depends on the nature of the problem and the type of epidermis of the client.

3 distinguishes the main types of peelings by the intensity of exposure or the depth of penetration:

  1. Superficial – the easiest and most gentle type of exfoliation. The chemical composition affects only the stratum corneum of the epidermis, so the rehabilitation period is very short and, accordingly, there is a minimal risk of complications. After a superficial chemical peeling, the face looks refreshed, the skin becomes soft, the pores are cleaned and narrowed. Popular salon procedures of this type include peels with fruit acids, their concentration does not exceed 15%.
  2. Median (this also includes the surface-median and mid-deep) – all layers of the epidermis are cleaned, the chemical composition can reach the basement membrane. The concentration of the funds used varies between 20 – 35%. With the help of median peels, you can get rid of medium wrinkles, increase the tone and elasticity of the fibers, eliminate post-acne and skin pigmentation. Customers of beauty salons loved the exfoliation of salicylic and trichloroacetic acid, as well as Jessner peeling.
  3. Deep is the most complex and painful type of chemical exposure. A deep chemical peeling of the face is carried out exclusively by experienced specialists, in clinical, sterile conditions, with anesthesia. The concentration of the aggressive component can reach 70%. The effect after such exposure is equated to surgical intervention. Painful sensations, a difficult and long rehabilitation period are justified by an ideally even shade and relief of the integument, the absence of wrinkles and a pronounced lifting effect. After such peeling, patients look 10 – 15 years younger. Often phenol is used to carry out such procedures. Its excess in the human body is dangerous death, but in acceptable quantities, it is able to return youth to the patient. The procedure is carried out once.
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Superficial chemical peeling is carried out to correct such imperfections in the skin of the face:

girl's face, problem areas under a magnifying glass

  • dull, gray skin tone;
  • increased oily skin;
  • decreased tone, first wrinkles and other signs of wilting of the epidermis;
  • clogged and enlarged pores, “goose bumps”;
  • dryness, peeling of the integument;
  • acne problem, frequent acne rashes;
  • black dots, comedones on the face;
  • light skin pigmentation, freckles that do not give their owner attractiveness.

Superficial exfoliations can be used to prepare for deep, mid cleansing or other cosmetic procedures.

Middle peeling chemical compounds able to eliminate more complex defects with the skin:

  • flaccidity of the epidermis, the development of ptosis;
  • wrinkles, scars and scars of medium depth;
  • hyperpigmentation of the skin, chloasma, age-related pigmentation;
  • hyperkeratosis;
  • stretch marks (striae), acne;
  • uneven skin tone;
  • unpleasant age-related changes on the face.

Indications for deep face peeling are:

  • deep age wrinkles, folds and grooves on the face;
  • pronounced sagging of the integument, sagging soft tissues in the cheeks;
  • loss of clarity of facial contours;
  • severe scars, scars;
  • strong pigmentation of the integument.

Deep cleansing of the integument is necessary for patients in adulthood. In some cases, a point effect on the defect is permissible.

The deeper the exposure, the more difficult the problem will be to eliminate the peeling. However, while surface peels can be carried out as a preventive measure, the middle and deep ones require indications.

Contraindications and precautions

The chemical peeling procedure requires a serious approach and a thorough analysis for the presence of contraindications. The list of restrictions for exfoliation is quite extensive and includes the following items:

  • bacterial and viral infections in the affected area. And before median and deep peelings, it is recommended to drink antiviral drugs to exclude the appearance of herpes during the rehabilitation period;
  • allergy to peeling products used;
  • chronic diseases in the acute phase;
  • oncological neoplasms;
  • mental disorders, emotional breakdowns;
  • hemophilia, disorders in the circulatory system and its organs;
  • inflammation on the face;
  • wounds, abrasions, cuts and any damage to the integrity of the epidermis;
  • recently undergone operations, other peels;
  • fresh tan;
  • retinoid therapy, hormonal drugs;
  • some dermatological diseases;
  • predisposition of the body to the formation of keloid, hypertrophic scars;
  • pregnancy and lactation.

It is worth noting that during pregnancy and breastfeeding, light, superficial peels are allowed, they will not harm the baby. However, note that the altered hormonal background of a woman can negatively affect the outcome of the procedure.

pregnant at the doctor’s office

In some cases, contraindications for peeling include increased sensitivity of the integument, as well as poor experience in cosmetic procedures.

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Before conducting a deep chemical peeling of the face, a cosmetologist may require a medical analysis to get a complete picture of the patient’s condition. Used exfoliation chemicals may impair the functioning of certain organs, in particular the endocrine system. The main task of the specialist in this case is to prevent such unpleasant consequences.

To prevent deterioration of the situation, irritation and the development of complications, before peeling for the face, the chemical composition is tested for individual intolerance. To do this, a little of the used product is applied to the wrist, behind the ear or on the bend of the elbow, and then the reaction is monitored. The absence of irritation, itching and pain indicates a normal tolerance to the composition of the patient.

The main stages of purification

Chemical peeling requires a clear procedure from the cosmetologist. The algorithm for carrying out such cosmetic procedures is in the 3 stage:

  1. Training. This item may be omitted by near-surface exfoliations, for the rest it is obligatory. Compliance with all the requirements of the preparatory phase guarantees a significant reduction in the risk of complications after peeling. As a rule, it involves the use of special cosmetics containing a small dose of acids, as well as in drug therapy.
  2. Directly peeling. The exfoliant is applied to a cleaned and degreased surface in one or more layers. An important role in this case is played by the uniformity and rate of distribution of the chemical composition. After a while, the neutralization of the chemical effect, the removal of product residues and the application of soothing cosmetics are performed. This stage is simple, but responsible and requires professional skills.
  3. The rehabilitation period or recovery. You must be aware that chemical peeling is stress for the skin. To smooth it and speed up the recovery process will help proper care and special cosmetic, medical preparations.

The main conditions for the success and effectiveness of a chemical procedure for the skin are to adhere to all the recommendations of a specialist, avoid self-medication and closely monitor external changes in the face.

Tips for quick recovery after peeling

In order to bring the end of the rehabilitation period as close as possible, cosmetologists recommend adhering to such recommendations:

satisfied doctor and patient

  1. Abandon the sauna, bath, pool.
  2. Exclude any overheating of the body, active sports.
  3. Do not drink alcoholic beverages, spicy and spicy dishes.
  4. Do not be in direct sunlight, do not sunbathe.
  5. Use only the makeup prescribed by the beautician.
  6. Do not peel off crusted, dead skin pieces.
  7. Minimally touch the face with your hands. For hydration, it is better to use sprays.

Intensive hydration and protection from the sun are the main condition for quick recovery and alleviation of discomfort in the post-peeling period. As for sun exposure, cosmetics with 50 SPF will help you here. You need to use sunscreen even after undergoing peeling.

Side effects

The following side effects are characteristic of chemical peeling:

  • strong peeling;
  • erythema development (red face);
  • slight swelling in sensitive areas of the face is possible;
  • a feeling of tightness of the integument;
  • crusting;
  • darkening of damaged skin.

The appearance of acne, herpes, itching and pain, marbling of the skin and its inflammation is an abnormal reaction, you need to urgently consult a specialist. If complications occur, it is important to start treatment in a timely manner so that the rehabilitation period does not drag on and scars and scars remain.

Chemical peeling is an integral part of face care and the ability to look at all 100%. After a course of procedures, your face will shine with health and youth. Listen to the professionals – and the procedure will go smoothly, without complication and unpleasant, residual scars. Be beautiful!

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