Beauticians divide complications after peeling into two types: expected (predicted) and unexpected. Expected complications are a natural reaction of the skin to the impact, with proper care they will pass without a trace. But there are times when the situation gets out of control and, in addition to leaving, the skin needs additional treatment.
- 1 Expected Side Effects
- 2 Unpredictable Complications
- 3 How to prevent unpleasant defects
Expected Side Effects
Peeling is an effective way to transform the skin in a short period of time. Exposure to the skin with chemical compounds, a laser, ultrasound or other factors removes dead cells from the skin. This process stimulates the active renewal of integuments, accelerates the division of skin cells and the synthesis of its own collagen.
After peeling, the skin looks refreshed and healthy for a reason. Dead cells accumulate over time, grouping into keratinized layers, and interfere with skin respiration, the intake of nutrients from makeup products. These difficulties affect the condition of the integument, slow down the functioning of the cells and reduce their resistance to environmental factors.
In the hope of instant transformation after peeling, redness and peeling appear on the face. How to respond to such troubles?
Among the expected side effects from the impact on the skin, cosmetologists identified:
- the development of erythema or severe redness of the epidermis;
- mild or moderate swelling;
- peeling of the surface layers of the skin;
- local darkening of the skin;
- increased sensitivity of peeling areas.
Each of their expected complications (side effects) does not require strong feelings. Properly organized, quality care during the rehabilitation period guarantees their rapid passage. No additional measures need to be taken.
Let’s look at the predicted complications from peeling in more detail.
The redness of the peeling area was called erythema. Its intensity depends on the aggressiveness of the existing exfoliant, the duration of its exposure and on the sensitivity of the skin.
Superficial peels using fruit acids cause slight and unstable redness, it will last several hours. But for the Jessner cleansing procedure, the effect will be more pronounced and will last up to two days.
For those who dare to median acid exfoliation, where the concentration of the active acid exceeds 30%, it is worth preparing for strong erythema within 3 – 5 days. If we talk about deep cleansing and dermabrasion, then the effect of “crimson face” you will observe a longer period of time, possibly even up to 1 months.
Swelling is another frequent side effect of a chemical or mechanical effect on the sensitive fibers of the epidermis. Swelling caused by increased permeability of small blood vessels located in the treated area. The liquid released from them accumulates and provokes edema. Often, swelling is characteristic of sensitive areas on the face, this is the periorbital zone or neck.
Edema does not appear immediately, but on 1 – 3 days after exfoliation. Such a defect is characteristic of exfoliation with trichloroacetic acid (TCA) or median retinoic peeling.
It is possible to avoid the appearance of puffiness after chemical peeling if the concentration of the acidic agent used is correctly selected. Only an experienced and highly qualified cosmetologist can do this.
Any peeling is accompanied by peeling – this is the main sign of renewal of the skin. The more intensive the regeneration is and the wider the area that has undergone purification, the stronger the peeling. For chemical peels, peeling is considered a mandatory post-peeling phenomenon.
Peeling of the epidermis resembles how the skin clambers after a strong tan in the sun. It is accompanied by itching, but it is strictly forbidden to scratch, scrub, peel off saggy films from the face.
During the period of active peeling, you can speed up the process of tissue repair. To do this, use cosmetic preparations with wound healing and moisturizing properties, which are recommended by the cosmetologist.
Complications after chemical peeling in the form of places with darkened skin on the face sometimes cause great excitement in patients. However, there is no reason to worry. This is how skin areas that were exposed to exfoliant are expressed. These are old epidermal cells, they will go away when exfoliating. On average, the process of complete exfoliation takes 7 – 12 days.
Hypersensitivity of the integument
After peeling, many patients complain of increased sensitivity, soreness of the integument in the treated area. After peeling, the skin sensitively reacts to cold and heat when washing, can ache when applying cosmetics. Hypersensitivity of the skin is individual, it can end in 1 – 2 weeks, and in some cases lasts up to a year.
Reducing the skin barrier during exfoliation significantly reduces the protection of soft tissues from external factors, increases their sensitivity. However, UV resistance is reduced. That is why cosmetologists strongly recommend that before the epidermis is completely restored, apply sunscreen when going outside and peel in late autumn and winter. During this period, solar activity subsides, and there is less risk of injuring weakened integuments.
In some cases, during the period of rehabilitation (recovery) of the skin after peeling, patients note the development of unusual complications. There are several reasons for this:
- non-compliance with the instructions of cosmetologists during the rehabilitation period, violation of the rules of care, etc.
- the use of cosmetic preparations with allergic components;
- ignoring contraindications before cleansing;
- the individual reaction of the body to the transferred effect against a background of weakened immunity.
The following defects are considered to be a cause for concern to the patient in the post-peeling period:
- exacerbation of herpes and infectious diseases;
- protracted erythema;
- marble shade on the face;
- hypertrophic, keloid scars;
- emergence of a demarcation line;
- increased acne.
Please note that unpredictable complications after peeling need to be treated and eliminated immediately. For this, it is important to notice the defect in a timely manner and consult a specialist. Self-medication can only aggravate the situation.
Spotted rashes on the face and body, accompanied by itching, and in the worst case, the appearance of Quincke’s edema and respiratory failure are signs of an allergic reaction. Often this is facilitated by the neglect of an allergy test on the used products for peeling and skin care after cleansing.
For mild allergies, taking antihistamines is sufficient. If the allergic reaction worsens and prevents breathing, severe swelling has appeared – you cannot do without hospitalization and intensive care.
The appearance of herpes rashes on the face after peeling threatens with residual scars. The only option to get rid of them is to use ointments and herpes medications.
With median and deep peeling, the use of antiviral drugs is included in the requirements of pre-peeling preparation. In the first days after cleansing, taking such drugs is also recommended, because exfoliation causes a weakening of the immunity of epidermal cells and increases the risk of infection.
If the patient has the beginnings of rosacea or a tendency to develop this disease, the chance of protracted severe erythema increases. As a rule, such a complication is observed after deep exposure.
The defect lasts up to a year. During this period you should not visit saunas, baths, you will have to exclude the use of spicy dishes and alcohol. In order not to provoke increased blood circulation in the face, it is recommended to forget about physical exertion and sports.
No drugs are prescribed to eliminate the complication, the defect will pass on its own.
Deep peeling or dermabrasion can cause marbling of the skin. This is due to the death of melanocytes. For owners of fair skin, this defect is less noticeable. But for swarthy patients, hiding it is problematic.
It is very difficult to fix such a defect. Only the surface cleansing courses will be able to correct the complexion of the face.
Keloid and hypertrophic scars are a rare but most unpleasant complication after peeling. Violation of the technique, the patient’s predisposition to scarring of soft tissues can provoke the appearance of this defect. It is not always possible to fix it.
To correct coarse scars, cosmetology suggests resorting to laser resurfacing, cryotherapy, invasive techniques are allowed (steroid injections directly into the scar).
The appearance of the demarcation line
The line of demarcation is a clear boundary on the face that separates the part of the face that is subject to exfoliation and the one where the peeling was not performed. The deeper the impact, the more contrast the line will be.
This problem is characteristic of dark, porous skin structure. To fix the defect, use Jessner peeling.
Strengthening Acne, Acne
After peeling, a rash may appear, exacerbating acne problems. This is due to the transfer of infection to healthy areas of the skin, the activation of the sebaceous glands or the use of expired peeling products.
To eliminate the defect, take a course of medical treatment. The specialist will prescribe a complex of vitamins that will strengthen the immune system, and antibiotics to remove the infection.
How to prevent unpleasant defects
In order to protect yourself from unpleasant consequences after peeling, adhere to the following recommendations:
- The choice of clinic, cosmetic salon approach very responsibly. Ask the beautician to present certificates for the drugs used and access to such procedures. Examine customer reviews, listen to the opinions of relatives and friends who used these services.
- If you decide to clean your face at home, carefully study the peeling techniques, how to behave before and after the procedure.
- With all strictness, follow the instructions of a cosmetologist to prepare for peeling.
- Choose a method of cleansing, taking into account the individual characteristics of the body, past diseases. If there are contraindications, refuse the procedure.
- Before cleaning, perform a susceptibility test. If there is an unusual irritation, allergy, use of the product is prohibited.
- After peeling, use hypoallergenic cosmetics until the skin is completely restored.
- Do not touch your face after cleaning with dirty hands. In most cases, cosmetologists recommend that you do not even contact with water in the early days. For example, after a deep phenolic peeling, the patient even drinks through the tube for the first day.
- Put on makeup until the skin is completely restored.
- Taking hormonal drugs increases the risk of complications. Be sure to warn the cosmetologist about this fact.
- To prevent the development of pigmentation on the face, regularly apply sunscreen with a high degree of UV protection.
- During the rehabilitation period, a visit to the sauna, baths, pool is contraindicated. Set aside your tan and sun treatments.
- At the slightest suspicion of a complication, contact a specialist. Do not self-medicate and use traditional medicine, so as not to harm yourself or aggravate the situation.
Remember, in most cases, the cause of complications after peeling is the irresponsibility and low professionalism of the cosmetologist.
Peeling is the cleansing, rejuvenation and treatment of the skin, but only in skilled hands. Otherwise, you may expect unpleasant scars, acne and other complications after peeling. Responsibly treat cosmetic procedures – and clean, perfect skin without scars and residual effects is guaranteed!