Mechanical peeling is the easiest and safest way to cleanse the skin from the point of view of professional cosmetology. By acting on the cover with abrasive particles and special nozzles, one or more layers of the epidermis are removed. Mechanical cleansing helps in a matter of time to correct external imperfections on the face and activate important processes inside the skin.
The essence of the procedure
What is mechanical peeling, is familiar to every woman, girl who looks after her appearance and skin beauty. Elementary scrubs, gommages are varieties of such cleansing.
Mechanical peeling – a cosmetic procedure aimed at cleansing the covers with the help of special cosmetics, brushes and abrasive nozzles. The procedure involves the removal of the upper layers of the epidermis, as if the skin is sanded.
Mechanical impact allows you to smooth the relief of the integument, to get rid of keratinized deposits and dirt particles. In addition, massage occurs during mechanical cleaning, which has a positive effect on internal cellular processes, stimulates blood microcirculation and increases fiber tone.
The main advantages of mechanical peeling include the following aspects:
- universality – it is possible to carry out mechanical cleanings for patients with sensitive skin;
- during cleaning, aggressive chemical compounds that can cause an allergic reaction are not used;
- minimum contraindications and restrictions to the procedure;
- ease of cleaning;
- an extensive list of epidermal problems to be solved;
- mechanical peeling of the face can be carried out at home. At the same time, the risk of harming the skin, subject to the basic recommendations of cosmetologists, is reduced to zero;
- reasonable prices for the procedure in the beauty salon.
The main goal of mechanical peeling is to start and strengthen the natural processes in the skin, so that the problem will dry up by itself. Therefore, the achieved results, the improved condition of the integument persist for a long time.
What are peelings
Mechanical face peelings are classified according to the depth of impact on the superficial, median and deep. We’ll talk about them further.
Superficial mechanical peeling is the easiest type of cleansing. Penetration depth no more than 50 microns. The procedure allows you to smooth out fine wrinkles, eliminate blackheads and comedones, activate blood flow and give the skin a fresh, healthy glow. After superficial peeling, the skin does not need rehabilitation, and you can continue your usual lifestyle.
It is recommended to carry out superficial cleansing of the face 1 – 2 once a month, depending on the type of skin. In the beauty salon you will be offered a brasjing (brashing).
The middle view of cleansing
Median peeling or microdermabrasion – the surface of the face is processed by an air stream of solid particles (crystals of aluminum oxide, barium, sodium) or polished with diamond-coated nozzles (diamond peeling). For cleansing, agents that include coral chips can be used.
The depth of exposure in the middle peeling varies between 50 – 120 microns. This is enough to eliminate shallow scars, post-acne and facial wrinkles, even out skin tone and prevent its earlier aging.
After the middle peeling, an active update of the integument is launched, and a persistent lifting effect is observed.
Deep mechanical cleaning
Deep cleansing or dermabrasion involves the removal of the surface layers of the epidermis. Depth of exposure reaches 200 microns. The procedure allows you to completely get rid of tattoos, age spots, wrinkles and various scars. For cleaning, a nylon brush and cutters are used.
Deep mechanical peeling is a painful and difficult procedure for the skin, but the end result can be compared with facial plastic surgery. It is carried out once and requires special post-peeling care.
Indications for conduction
Mechanical facial peeling will help to completely or partially eliminate skin imperfections, such as:
- facial pigmentation, congestive spots and freckles;
- loss of skin tone, flabby and sluggish skin;
- unusual grayness, dullness of the shade of the integument;
- wrinkles, scars and acne;
- stretch marks and hyperkeratosis (thickening of the stratum corneum);
- comedones, black dots on the face;
- enlarged pores, goose bumps.
The mechanical type of peeling is ideal for enhancing the effectiveness of creams, cosmetic and therapeutic preparations for the face. A course of cleansing procedures will increase the skin’s susceptibility to the nutritional components of products.
Mechanical middle and deep peels require total control in matters of sanitation and hygiene. Otherwise, the risk of tissue infection and further complication of the situation is high. Therefore, entrust them only with trusted, first-class cosmetic clinics.
Despite the simplicity of the technology, the absence of aggressive chemical preparations, mechanical peeling also has contraindications. These include:
- infectious diseases (pyoderma, herpes);
- purulent rashes on the face;
- a tendency to scar tissue (to the appearance of keloid scars);
- acute and chronic dermatological diseases (psoriasis, neurodermatitis, eczema and others);
- various neoplasms on the face, moles, papillomas;
- increased sensitivity of the integument;
- inflammatory processes in the skin;
- general malaise, fever;
- fragility of blood vessels.
It is forbidden to carry out mechanical cleanings of the face with ulcers on the face, with acne in an active form, to exclude infection of healthy skin areas.
Painful procedures like dermabrasion are also not recommended during pregnancy and lactation. This may affect the emotional state of the mother.
With extreme caution, the mechanical form of cleansing should be treated by patients during the period of taking medications. Some medications can provoke the development of bruises, swelling and other post-peeling phenomena.
Cabin cleansing options
Among professional mechanical cleanings, special attention and popularity of users have deserved such procedures as brushing, microdermabrasion, coral peeling, dermabrasion. We will consider some of them in detail.
Brossage or brushing
Brassage is a type of superficial cleansing of the epidermis. The procedure is painless and takes up to 15 minutes of time. Using brushes and sponges of various stiffnesses, the cosmetologist removes dead cells and keratinized layers, provides a gentle massage that enhances blood circulation and intracellular processes.
The brossage will not eliminate deep wrinkles and age spots, but it will be able to give the skin a healthy glow, remove black spots, comedones and increase tissue elasticity. It is recommended to perform the procedure for the normal type of epidermis 1 once a month, for the dry type 2 once a month, and for the greasy type brushing is recommended every week.
Important! To avoid stretching the soft tissues, the beautician controls the degree of depression and speed. All movements are light and are performed strictly along the massage lines.
Microdermabrasion refers to median facial peels. This is an excellent alternative to acid and laser exposure, only the procedure in addition is safe and less traumatic.
The purification method was first proposed by the Italian physician Othello Ginebri in the distant 80 years. Today, this is one of the most useful and popular salon procedures. Its essence is as follows: the integument is affected by the flow of a mixture of air and aluminum oxide, magnesium, and other abrasives. Microcrystals break down the intercellular bonds between weakened and dead cells, which then leave the skin using vacuum equipment.
One type of cleaning method is diamond microdermabrasion. Crystals of diamond, the hardest carbon, are used as abrasive particles. The cleansing procedure is quick and does not cause severe pain. According to patient reviews, a slight tingling is possible, no more.
The course of microdermabrasion is 5 – 8 procedures with an interval of 1 – 1,5 weeks. If the problem is deeper and more pronounced, the number of sessions can be increased to 20.
Dermabrasion affects the deep layers of the epidermis and is an excellent alternative to plastic surgery, laser surgery. The result is striking, after dermabrasion, patients look 10 – 15 years younger.
A cosmetologist using an abrasive cutter removes, as if polishing, the surface layers of the skin. Particular attention is paid to problematic scars and wrinkles. The process of removing the upper layers of the epidermis is painful, so anesthesia is performed before cleaning.
After the procedure, an extensive wound forms on the face, which requires special care. At the first stage of recovery, the patient is prescribed anti-inflammatory and painkillers. The rehabilitation period after dermabrasion is long and difficult, but the final result justifies it.
Mechanical peeling at home is the use of ready-made scrubs and home masks with badagi, salt, coffee grounds and other abrasive particles. This skin cleansing is safe and painless, but it will be very useful for the face.
To prepare homemade masks, follow the recommendations of specialists:
- For dry skin, use masks based on less traumatic abrasives – this is coffee grounds, crushed oatmeal, and for oily skin, you can use coarser particles like salt, sugar, and soda.
- Before applying the product, steam the covers – this will enhance the effect of the composition used and provide deep cleansing.
- Strictly observe the proportions of the ingredients.
- Keep track of the quality of the ingredients. The products used must be fresh, of good quality.
- Apply the composition along the massage lines so as not to stretch the fibers.
- Do not get involved in scrubs every day. Limit yourself to one procedure per week if the skin is oily, and one cleaning in 2 weeks if it is dry.
Peeling is an obligatory step towards beautiful and young skin. Timely and quality care will prevent earlier withering of the integument. Mechanical cleanings will prove to be very useful for those who are afraid to burn their skin with acid or a laser. Be perfect!