Facial milk peeling refers to chemical methods of skin cleansing. The exfoliant is based on concentrated lactic acid. Unlike other acids, a small amount of the milk ingredient is already present in the human body, therefore it is perceived by him as a natural and natural substance, without causing complications and unpleasant consequences. A sufficient portion of acid is found in fermented milk products, with their help you can perform simple milk peeling at home.
Lactic acid in cosmetology
Modern cosmetology offers customers an extensive selection of cosmetic procedures to improve skin quality and appearance. Facial peeling with lactic acid occupies a separate niche in this assortment. The fact is that the exfoliant used is partially present in the human body, therefore it does not cause rejection and unpleasant consequences, like other acids.
It should be noted along with the safety of peeling its effectiveness. The procedure allows you to eliminate significant skin problems in a few sessions, normalize the sebaceous glands, accelerate the epidermis processes at the cellular level and positively affect the synthesis of your own collagen. The peeling course will return strength and energy to the skin to combat age-related processes, smooth out existing imperfections and provide intensive hydration of the skin.
The optimal age for milk peeling is 35 years. The course of procedures, their frequency is determined only by a specialist, based on the patient’s skin condition.
Milk peeling mainly affects the surface layers of the skin, in rare cases, a high concentration of acid (up to 90%) is used to conduct mid peeling. In adulthood, after 50 exfoliation with lactic acid is recommended to be combined in combination with other cosmetic procedures. This will increase the effectiveness of cleansing and contribute to solving skin problems.
About acid and its properties
Lactic or lactic acid is an organic substance that is formed during the breakdown of glucose. It belongs to the group of fruit acids. Lactic acid is necessary for the human body: it is involved in the metabolism of carbohydrates, fills the cells with moisture and belongs to the natural moisturizing factor of the skin.
The peculiarity of lactic acid in its small sizes. This allows her to easily penetrate into the deeper layers of the epidermis and act on the problem from the inside. The use of lactic acid for peeling guarantees a uniform effect over the entire treated surface.
The properties and naturalness of the exfoliant, the relationship with the processes in the human body allow peeling, regardless of the type and structure of the skin. It is suitable even for skin with hypersensitivity or excessive dryness.
The method for producing lactic acid is based on lactic acid fermentation of glucose. During the enzymatic reaction, a useful ingredient is extracted, which is then used in cosmetology. In homemade products, lactic acid is found in sour milk, sauerkraut and pickles, in cheese, as well as in fermented products of beer and wine. Such an extensive presence of the substance in nature makes it easy to make peels from lactic acid at home, using natural products.
Pros of the procedure
Milk peeling for the face is a charge of energy, moisture and nutritional components, which in combination have antioxidant, exfoliating, bactericidal, moisturizing and anti-aging effects.
The skin cleansing technique has many advantages, we highlight the main ones among them:
- does not cause allergies, redness or irritation;
- refers to gentle cleansing procedures;
- It does not dry the skin, but, on the contrary, moisturizes them intensively;
- there is no pronounced peeling, a feeling of tightness during the recovery of the epidermis;
- the procedure is carried out at any time of the year when it is convenient for you;
- the rehabilitation period, as such, is not;
- used to cleanse the face and body.
What results to expect
Chemical peeling with lactic acid ensures a quick and delicate elimination of the first signs of withering of the skin. After exfoliation, you will see a noticeable improvement in skin condition.
What effect is expected from lactic acid therapy?
- High-quality cleansing of the skin and pores. An acidic agent breaks down lipid bonds between cells, contributing to their gentle removal. With the surface layer, dead, weakened cells, dirt particles and greasy deposits leave the covers.
- Anti-aging effect. Removal of the surface layer of the epidermis activates the regeneration of the skin, the synthesis of building proteins (collagen, elastin). As a result of updating, the surface becomes smoother, without visible wrinkles and irregularities on the face. Noticeable is the improvement in the quality of tissues; they become resilient and more elastic.
- Intensive hydration. Lactic acid is a natural skin moisturizer. The dimensions of the exfoliant molecules allow the agent to easily penetrate through the membrane of the epidermal cells, to ensure uniform filling with moisture and nutrient components. After cleansing, the face looks refreshed and shines with health.
- Increases the protective properties of the lipid barrier. Lactic acid activates the production of ceramides containing linoleate. They enhance the defense of epidermal cells to attack infections and harmful bacteria. After exfoliation, the frequency of acne rashes and cases of acne are noticeably reduced.
- Great antioxidant. An acidic agent prevents the development of free radicals, thereby reducing the aggressive effects of environmental factors (ultraviolet radiation, bad ecology, etc.).
Milk peels are hypoallergenic cleansing techniques. They do not cause allergies and irritation of the integument, the rehabilitation of integument proceeds without complications and painful sensations. There are no restrictions in the usual way of life and time of the procedures.
Indications for peeling
Facial peeling using lactanoic acid is recommended if the following indications are available:
- increased dryness of the skin, peeling;
- signs of dehydration of the integument, unusual dullness and pallor;
- acne, post-acne;
- fine wrinkles, scars, stretch marks and any unevenness of the skin texture;
- clogged pores, comedones;
- high sensitivity of the epidermis;
- signs of photoaging;
- decreased tone and elasticity of soft tissues;
- problematic and oily skin;
- uneven skin tone, freckles.
You can perform exfoliation in the presence of visible defects, in order to prevent early aging or as a preparation for complex cosmetic procedures.
Despite the easy susceptibility of the main acidic ingredient by the epidermis cells, the purification method has its contraindications:
- exacerbation of herpes;
- fever and acute stage of an infectious disease;
- oncological formations;
- taking certain medications, in particular antibiotics;
- wounds, abrasions in the area of peeling;
- the presence of ulcers, purulent formations and inflammation;
- fresh tan;
- recently performed facial depilation;
- skin diseases, swelling;
It is not recommended to carry out the procedure during menstruation and a few days before menstruation. Hormonal changes may not affect the result in the best way, or you will not see the desired effect at all.
Stages of the procedure
Peeling with lactic acid does not require special preparation. Before cleansing, carefully study the contraindications, neglect of them can cause discomfort when applying an acidic product and dangerously health complications.
Exfoliation based on lactanoic acid is short-term; purification will take 15 – 30 minutes of time.
In a beauty salon, milk peeling is performed in the following order:
- The cosmetologist analyzes the condition of the integument and selects the composition for peeling. The concentration of the main ingredient can vary from 30 to 90 percent, depending on the required exposure depth.
- Using a special lotion, milk or gel, make-up removal and preliminary cleansing of the covers of dust, dirt and particles of fat are performed.
- The next step is degreasing the epidermis. For this, an alcoholic tonic is used.
- The most critical stage of exfoliation is the application of an acidic agent. The cosmetologist performs the treatment of the skin with the composition in strict order: from the middle of the forehead to the temples, cheeks, from the décolleté to the neck, then the chin, nose and periorbital region.
- Exfoliation exposure lasts 2 – 20 minutes. The duration of exposure is determined by the cosmetologist, taking into account the features of the patient’s skin, his age and stage of the problem.
- Neutralization of means for peeling with water. To prevent the chemical reaction of water with acid and the appearance of irritation on the face, cosmetologists pay attention that the liquid should only be cold, not hot.
- Extra moisturizing and nourishing the skin with a special mask. Before applying the mask with the addition of seaweed, the surface must be dampened with a napkin. The peculiarity of the mask is that it does not need to be washed off, as well as in a cooling, calming effect on the integument.
- Before going outside, a sunscreen is applied to the face.
A positive effect in solving skin problems is noticeable after the first peeling. However, to achieve maximum results, it is recommended that you complete a course of procedures. Plus, it is important to supplement daily care with supportive and regenerative cosmetics.
Skin Care After Peeling
Milk peeling is distinguished by its gentle effect on the skin, so there is no need to fear persistent erythema and strong peeling. After the procedure, cosmetologists note a slight reddening of the skin, which can last up to 2 days. A slight peeling of the integument is also possible; it will disappear without complications in 2 – 4 days.
To ensure trouble-free restoration of the integument after exfoliation, it is important to follow these rules:
- regularly apply a moisturizer to the integument;
- Do not use scrubs and aggressive facial care products;
- do not touch damaged skin, in no case should you comb your face and peel off peeling;
- do not use makeup on the first day;
- postpone hair removal until the epidermis is fully restored;
- beware of direct sunlight, use sunscreen.
At the slightest deviations from the norm, the appearance of severe itching, burning, irritation, acne and other problems on the face, immediately contact a specialist. It is prohibited to take measures to eliminate unpleasant consequences on your own.
Homemade Milk Peeling Recipes
Peeling with lactic acid at home is also possible. For this, natural products or a lactic acid concentrate from a pharmacy kiosk are used. To do this, we offer several popular recipes.
The simplest facial peeling recipe involves the use of dairy products. To prepare the cleaning composition you will need:
- 1 Art. l homemade sour cream;
- 2 Art. l fat cream;
- 1 tsp Extra class salts.
- Mix the ingredients together.
- With massaging movements, distribute the product on a clean and previously steamed face.
- After 5 – 10 minutes, rinse with water.
- In addition, moisturize the skin with face cream.
An equally popular milk peeling recipe is based on ready-made lactic acid.
Ingredients for peeling:
- 50 ml of fresh, natural yogurt;
- 1 Art. l oily homemade sour cream;
- 1 ml of lactic acid concentrate (not more than 30%).
- Connect the ingredients together.
- Spread the mixture evenly over the surface. Before this, the skin is cleaned of dust and makeup, and also degreased with alcohol lotion.
- The recipe for such a peeling suggests for the first session to be limited to 10 – 15 minutes of exposure of the product. Then the effect of the acid must be neutralized with clean and cold water.
Before using the prescription, carefully study the contraindications and test for an allergic reaction.
Milk peeling in recent years is gaining great popularity. It does not irritate the integument and is suitable for owners of hypersensitive skin. In addition, after the procedure there are no complications and persistent side defects. And for home-grown ones, home-made milk peeling will be useful. Choose your favorite recipe from the above – and always look great!