Phenol peeling is an “expert” in cleansing, skin transformation without surgical intervention. The procedure is complex and painful, but an amazing, lasting effect will please the most demanding connoisseurs of female beauty. Beauticians unanimously argue that a more effective and sustainable chemical peeling has not yet been invented.
- 1 What is this procedure
- 2 Composition and types of peeling
- 3 Indications for conduction
- 4 What effect to expect
- 5 Contraindications
- 6 Features of the removal of phenol from the body
- 7 How is exfoliation performed?
- 8 Complications and side effects
What is this procedure
Phenol face peeling is the most effective method of chemical skin cleansing. The procedure boasts not only high achievements in the transformation of the face, getting rid of deep wrinkles and scars, confident resistance to age-related changes, but also the stability of the effect for 5-10 years.
The essence of the phenol procedure is to cauterize the problem areas of the epidermis with phenol. This causes the removal of dead cells, smoothing the relief of the skin and its active regeneration over the entire surface.
A little history: phenol or carbolic acid, as a chemical compound, became known to mankind in the distant 1863 year. They began to use it in medicine, as an excellent disinfector, a fighter against acne. And only in the 90’s did carbolic acid begin to be used for face peeling. In recent years, phenol peeling has increased its popularity tens of times and has earned the honorary title of cosmetologists as the “gold standard”.
Phenol face peeling is a dangerous and painful procedure, but at the same time highly effective and with a stable result. The opinions of cosmetologists about the possibility of the existence of phenol peeling, as a cosmetic procedure, are categorically divergent. Some cosmetologists demand to stop using phenol for the skin, while others, on the contrary, insist on its importance in the fight against its aging and age-related problems.
Surprisingly, both sides are right. It is proved that phenol can lead to the death of the patient, if his dose in the blood exceeds the value of 0,23 mg / ml, in a smaller amount the substance can cause arrhythmia.
To justify the phenol peeling, I would like to note that the procedure uses funds with a minimum content of the toxic component, so the procedure can not lead to death. In addition, a phenol cosmetic composition is applied slowly to prevent the accumulation of a potent substance in the blood. Positive feedback from patients and cosmetologists prove that until 10 years after cleansing, the skin is firm, toned and looks young, like after plastic surgery.
Composition and types of peeling
Phenolic peeling is performed with a special tool. The main active substance (exfoliant) is phenol. The concentration of phenolic acid varies from 3 to 35%, depending on the degree of epidermal problem that needs to be addressed. For accelerated absorption of phenol by the skin, oil is added to the composition. Liquid glycerin, propylene glycol and distilled water are used as additional components of the peeling agent.
There are 3 types of phenolic peeling:
- Mid-surface phenol peeling – the minimum phenol concentration (3%) is used for the procedure;
- Median phenol peeling – the concentration of carbolic acid is increased to 25%;
- Deep phenol peeling – such a cleansing is extremely rare. The composition of the peeling includes 35% phenol. The procedure is performed only after a deep medical examination of the patient’s condition.
Phenol face peeling is very painful and is performed only under general anesthesia. Be sure to tell the beautician if you are allergic to certain drugs used for anesthesia or peeling.
Indications for conduction
Phenol peels are the most radical type of skin cleansing and rejuvenation, which does not require surgical intervention, but is performed by treating the epidermis with a chemical composition. For the phenol procedure, the presence of such indications is important:
- Defects of the face relief (deep facial and age wrinkles, stretch marks, scars after surgery);
- Rapid withering of the skin, loss of turgor and tone;
- Symptoms of photoaging of the skin;
- Hyperpigmentation on the face, residual traces after a sunburn;
- Consequences of acne, demodicosis;
- A number of dermatological diseases (certain types of keratosis).
Phenol peeling is a sure step for returning youthful face. Rest assured, you will find renewed skin, soft and supple. The face becomes perfectly smooth, fit, like 10 years ago. At the same time, the active synthesis of its own collagen, elastin, is launched, so the result persists for another ten years.
What effect to expect
Carbolic peeling guarantees a high result very quickly. It favorably affects the work of skin cells, stimulates internal processes, including collagen production. Patient reviews confirm the excellent transformation of the skin after phenol peeling.
After the peeling procedure, the following changes occur in the skin:
- The rate of cell regeneration is accelerating;
- The elasticity, elasticity of the skin fibers is restored;
- Cells begin to function actively;
- Age spots disappear;
- The shade of the skin is evened out, they look fresher and younger;
- The face relief is smoothed out, small and medium wrinkles, scars and post-acne completely disappear;
- Contours become clear, fit;
- A pronounced lifting effect is observed.
To believe in such a wide spectrum of phenol exposure is difficult, but real. A high result, returned youth justifies the complexity of the procedure, its toxicity and danger.
The procedure using phenol requires a serious approach to the health of the client, therefore, before its implementation, the cosmetologist carefully examines the state of your health.
Phenol peeling is prohibited if there is:
- Diseases of the cardiovascular system, malfunctioning of the liver and kidneys;
- Oncology, neoplasms;
- Individual intolerance of the components of the peeling agent;
- There is damage in the area of the alleged acid exposure;
- Pregnancy at all times;
- High risk of keloid scars;
- Herpes, colds;
- When taking medications, in particular, acetylsalicylic acid, aspirin. Violation of this paragraph threatens an overload of the liver and intoxication of the body;
There are age restrictions for phenol peeling. The procedure is contraindicated in patients up to 18 years and older than 60. In some cases, in the presence of significant problems, this criterion can be reviewed by a cosmetologist.
Features of the removal of phenol from the body
Having agreed to phenol peeling, you must clearly understand that it is toxic and, if used improperly, causes poisoning and serious complications. That is why, before performing phenolic purification, a detailed examination of the patient’s condition is carried out.
The human body itself neutralizes and removes the toxin, no additional drugs need to be taken. During exfoliation, phenol with blood enters the liver, where it is neutralized, and then excreted naturally. The toxin does not accumulate and does not constitute a threat to the health of the patient.
To protect the patient as much as possible from the harmful effects of phenolic acid, it can be used locally, actually on the problem (wrinkle, scar, acne).
How is exfoliation performed?
Phenol peeling is carried out in several stages, each of which is important and requires a professional approach, accurate execution.
Preparation before cleaning
In order for phenol peeling to take place without complications and side effects, observe the following rules of the preparatory stage:
- Six months before the peeling, stop performing procedures associated with exposure to the laser beam, exclude the use of retinoid medications.
- 3 months before dry cleaning, forget about tanning, sunbathing.
- 1 – 1,5 before the procedure, apply whitening cosmetics to your skin, which your doctor will prescribe.
- Take antioxidants for 2 – 3 weeks before exfoliation.
- A week before the intended procedure, stop using scrubs, mechanical face peeling, shaving and hair removal.
- For 7-10 days before the phenol procedure, the patient is prescribed herpes medications.
- Immediately before the peeling procedure, undergo a medical examination.
On the appointed day, after the preparatory stage, the beautician can begin the phenol peeling procedure:
- The epidermis is cleaned of makeup residues, impurities and sweat, fat secretions, worked out with an alcohol solution;
- Local anesthesia of the treated area is performed;
- Start applying the exfoliant to the face. Peeling begins from problem areas, gradually moving to more sensitive ones. As a rule, it looks in the following sequence: forehead, cheeks, area near the mouth and eyes, nose, chin. The product is distributed on the surface at a certain pace, intermittently, to avoid the accumulation of phenol in the blood;
- Phenolic acid is neutralized. To do this, a special film is applied to the surface involved, and after a while – low-melting wax jelly;
- Finally, the skin is treated with a sunscreen.
When choosing a clinic for phenol peeling, remember the seriousness of the procedure. Do not be too lazy to get acquainted with the reviews of patients who underwent treatment there, ask about the availability of certificates and permission for such procedures, about the professionalism of cosmetologists. Your health depends on the skills and knowledge of the cosmetologist.
The period of recovery
After phenol peeling, when the anesthesia passes, the acid burn gives a painful sensation, burning sensation, so the beautician prescribes painkillers. He will also tell you how to behave during the rehabilitation period:
- 1-th day – skin contact with water is strictly forbidden, you even need to drink through a tube.
- 2 day – you can remove the wax film. Together with it, dead skin, dead skin layers and wrinkles, scars that bothered before peeling will leave your skin. Under the film, a red, yet unrepaired, crimson surface will be hidden. Immediately there is a feeling of tightness, coarsening, so an antiseptic is applied to the skin, if necessary, an analgesic and a moisturizing preparation. Many cosmetologists recommend using panthenol at this time.
- Until 10 – 14 days, the skin is treated with panthenol, do not tear off the crusts that form, they themselves disappear. Using makeup, plucking crusts is strictly prohibited.
- During the rehabilitation period, take antioxidants, vitamins A, C, apply sunscreen SPF 50 and higher on the skin.
- In 3 weeks after peeling, the skin will begin to transform, but you still need to wait until it is completely restored. When all the crusts are gone, you can use moisturizing natural products. Full recovery will complete in 6 – 12 months.
Complications and side effects
Exfoliation with phenolic acid in case of non-compliance with the recommendations of the cosmetologist on preparation and skin care after cleansing, violation by the cosmetologist of the protocol of the procedure, threaten the patient with unpleasant effects. Among them:
- Hyperpigmentation – with time, it can pass, depending on the type and structure of the skin;
- Deformation, sagging of the lower eyelid (ectopia);
- Residual traces of a chemical burn, in particular, near the lips and eyes;
- Redness on the face, which does not pass until 4 months;
- Herpes worsening, the manifestation of various infections;
- Problems in the work of the heart and kidneys;
- Noticeable difference in areas that have been exposed to acid with intact.
The phenol peeling procedure will return youth, skin elasticity without surgery. However, before agreeing to its implementation, weigh the pros and cons, go through the examination and get ready for a long rehabilitation period, after which many years of beautiful and perfectly smooth skin will follow.