TCA facial peeling is a popular procedure in a beauty salon, after which the skin looks perfect, refreshed and toned. The secret of such cleansing, rejuvenation and healing of the skin is the effectiveness of trichloroacetic acid, it is she who forms the basis of the peeling agent. After a single mid peeling with trichloroacetic acid, patients look 5 years younger.
- 1 What is this procedure
- 2 Feature of the cleansing technique
- 3 Pros and cons of exfoliation
- 4 Exfoliant Properties and Facial Benefits
- 5 Indications for peeling
- 6 Varieties of acid exposure
- 7 Contraindications
- 8 Pre-peeling preparation
- 9 The procedure for peeling in the salon
- 10 Skin Care After Peeling
- 11 Side effects and complications
- 12 Home Exfoliation TCA
- 13 About the timing of the cleaning
What is this procedure
Peeling with trichloroacetic acid is also called TCA peeling. It refers to the chemical form of cleansing the integument. The percentage of acid ingredient is selected differently (from 5 to 50%), depending on the degree of problem and the structure of the patient’s skin. The more trichloroacetic acid molecules in the peeling agent, the deeper the effect and the more noticeable the result.
The essence of exfoliation is as follows: the acid molecule penetrates deep into the epidermis, destroys the intercellular bonds and dirt particles. Outwardly, this effect looks like a soft tissue burn. After some time, the body starts the active recovery process, the rejected fibers are rejected and replaced with new, newly formed ones.
During the period of rehabilitation and recovery, the skin leaves dead skin cells, sebaceous plugs and dirt particles that are stuck in the pores.
Feature of the cleansing technique
Trichloroacetic acid has a pronounced anti-inflammatory, bactericidal and drying effect, so this peeling will be useful for patients with problematic and oily skin.
Trichloroacetic acid is considered a very toxic and easily penetrating substance, therefore, requires the supervision of a specialist.
TCA peeling is unsafe to carry out at home, excess acid concentration, long exposure times can cause great harm to the patient’s health and leave scars and scars on his face.
Pros and cons of exfoliation
The TCA peeling procedure has its advantages and disadvantages, which are important to consider when choosing a cleansing technique.
The advantages of peeling with trichloroacetic acid include the following facts:
- high efficiency of the procedure;
- ambiguity of effect. Peeling can solve many skin problems;
- the result is noticeable after the first session;
- deep impact on the problem. Trichloroacetic acid easily penetrates into the deeper layers, like phenol, only the action is less dangerous and milder;
- there is a pronounced sign (frost effect), according to which the cosmetologist determines the degree of acid exposure;
- exfoliant is easily distributed on the surface of the face;
- time saving. The exposure time is reduced due to the high activity of the acid ingredient;
- in addition to cleansing, a pronounced anti-aging and therapeutic effect is noted;
- ease and speed of rehabilitation of the integument after cleansing;
- the technique can be used in young (over 18 years) and adulthood.
Trichloroacetic peeling also has disadvantages:
- purification, in comparison with other hydroxyacids, is more painful;
- it is dangerous to carry out peeling at home, without the supervision of an experienced specialist;
- the instant passage of acid molecules deep into the skin with insufficient cosmetologist experience can lead to an uncontrolled burn and cause complications after peeling;
- pre-peeling preparation is required, albeit with minimal requirements;
- an impressive list of contraindications for exfoliation.
Cosmetology procedure requires high professionalism from the performer. Therefore, before performing a peeling, make sure that the cosmetologist has sufficient experience in performing such a cleaning. Be sure to take a look at the reviews about the exfoliation performed in the selected salon or clinic.
Exfoliant Properties and Facial Benefits
Trichloroacetic acid is also called trichloroethanoic acid – it is a derivative of acetic acid. It is obtained as a product of the synthesis of acetic acid and chlorine, which leads to the similarity of these two acids (acetic and trichloroacetic).
Trichloroacetic acid is a substance with a strong active properties. The acid composition for peeling has the following effect on the integument:
- qualitatively destroys keratinous deposits, dirt and contributes to their rapid removal. In the keratolytic property trichloroacetic acid even surpassed retinoic and glycolic;
- enhances the synthesis of its own collagen and elastin in the skin, due to which the pronounced lifting effect persists for a long time;
- blocks the negative effects of free radicals and heavy metals on the cells of the epidermis, acts as a strong antioxidant;
- enhances the protective properties of the skin to external factors;
- deeply cleanses the pores of blackheads and comedones, contributes to their narrowing;
- kills microbes that cause acne, acne;
- evens skin color, is used to solve the problem of skin pigmentation;
- promotes the elimination of toxins from epidermal cells, accelerates intracellular metabolic processes.
After TCA peeling, the face looks younger and healthier, the color and texture of the skin even out, the oily sheen and problem acne disappear.
It is worth noting that TCA peeling is more of a medical procedure than an aesthetic one, therefore it should be taken seriously. It is better to exfoliate if there is evidence, and not to refresh the appearance.
Indications for peeling
The following problems with the skin are signals for trichloroacetic acid exfoliation:
- skin relief, the presence of tubercles, wrinkles and traces of acne;
- scars and scars on the face;
- age-related skin pigmentation, freckles;
- uneven skin tone caused by solar activity;
- signs of photoaging of the integument;
- excessive oily skin associated with the development of acne, acne;
- loss of tone, elasticity of fibers;
- stretch marks (striae);
- flat birthmarks, melasma;
- enlarged pores, comedones;
- dullness, dullness of the shade of the epidermis.
Ask a cosmetologist about the advisability of the procedure. Despite the relative safety of the technique, for minor skin problems it is better to turn to less aggressive fruit acids.
Varieties of acid exposure
There are several TCA-piligovs, it all depends on the concentration of the product used and the desired exposure depth. Distinguish:
- superficial – involves cleansing the skin with a solution with a concentration of trichloroacetic acid up to 15%. Despite the low percentage of acid ingredient, the effect exceeds the usual chemical peels with ANA acids (lactic, glycolic and others);
- median – performed by a solution containing 20 – 35% trichloroacetic acid;
- deep – rarely used to cleanse the entire surface of the face, often applying the exfoliant is performed locally on the problem area. The concentration of 35-50% is used for burning benign tumors, cosmetic defects within 1 cm in diameter.
To increase the depth of exposure of the acid ingredient, cosmetologists resort to a little trick: apply the product in several layers. This technique guarantees an increased effect, but is also very dangerous for the patient; it can burn the integument, down to subcutaneous fat. Peeling should be done with extreme caution and only by high-class, experienced cosmetologists.
Before conducting exfoliation, it is important to carefully study the contraindications, this will reduce the risk of complications and troubles with the patient’s health.
The limitations in performing such a purification concern customers in the following cases:
- during pregnancy;
- when breastfeeding;
- with individual intolerance to the component;
- with a complex reaction of the body to peeling with acids;
- with bacterial and parasitic ailments (demodicosis, streptoderma, others);
- with skin diseases caused by fungi (in particular, multicolored lichen, microsporia, trichophytosis);
- there is a tendency to scarring of the skin;
- with viral diseases (herpes) and a general weakening of the immune system;
- there are neoplasms on the face (moles, papillomas, warts);
- with oncology;
- in diseases of the thyroid gland;
- with complex dermatological diseases (psoriasis, dermatosis, atopic dermatitis);
- there are violations of the cardiovascular system;
with rosacea and hypertension;
- there are wounds and cuts in the treated area;
- after surgery on the face;
- during the exacerbation of chronic diseases;
- after tanning;
- in a febrile state, with SARS;
- during the period of taking retinoids (roaccutane);
- for patients with 4 – 6 phototype according to Fitzpatrick’s division;
- with mental disorders;
- less than 2 months have passed since the last peeling;
- patients younger than 18 years old.
Before the peeling, the cosmetologist carefully studies the medical history, may require the delivery of clinical tests to give a complete picture of the patient’s condition. Such scrupulousness in this matter reduces the risk of post-peeling complications and provides a quick, trouble-free restoration of the integument.
In the period from March to October inclusive, chemical peeling of TCA is prohibited. High solar activity can cause severe skin pigmentation.
TCA peeling refers to procedures that require preliminary preparation of the integument for acid exposure. What it is?
Pre-peeling preparation consists in the use of certain cosmetics, taking medications and other subtleties that are important to perform in order to increase the effectiveness of exfoliant. At the same time, the skin reacts more softly to acid exposure, the duration of the rehabilitation period is reduced, and the risk of complications is reduced.
Consider the preparation for a mid-face peeling TCA face by day:
- 4 weeks before exfoliation, remove sponges, brushes, scrubs and sponges from daily care. Performing hair removal during this period is also prohibited;
- for 4 weeks before the procedure, regularly apply 50 sunscreen creams on your face;
- 2 – 3 weeks before the intended cleansing, complement skin care with cosmetics with fruit acids in the composition (their concentration should be minimal);
- in some cases, it is recommended to even conduct several surface peels with ANA acids;
- during the 3 – 4 days before the median TCA peeling, take antiviral medications to reduce the risk of herpes;
- a few days before the long-awaited procedure, refuse to visit the bath, sauna, tanning bed, and do not pluck your eyebrows.
The procedure for peeling in the salon
The exfoliation protocol is of the same type when using trichloroacetic acid with a concentration of 15%, which is performed by means of a median peeling of TCA 20%. The cosmetic procedure is performed in the following order:
- The patient’s skin is cleansed of makeup residues, dust and grease using a special gel. It is better not to use milk with lipids in the composition, these components reduce the effectiveness of the acidic.
- Applying a peeling solution to the face. The composition is distributed evenly with a special brush. For TCA 25% peeling, the application of acid is carried out in several layers. To reduce pain, burning sensation, the cosmetologist uses a fan and directs the air flow to the patient’s face. Trichloroacetic acid exfoliation with concentrations above 32% is performed with anesthesia.
- After a few minutes, the complexion of the skin of the face changes – this is the main criterion by which the degree of acid exposure is judged. Pink color indicates damage by acid to the upper layers of the epidermis (surface peeling), light-white frost indicates a surface-median effect. The appearance of saturated white plaque is characteristic of median TCA peeling.
- After the appearance of frost in the desired shade, the cosmetologist proceeds to neutralize the acid. This stage is performed using special cosmetic preparations that are offered by the manufacturer of the peeling agent, or boiled, chilled water. After neutralizing the acid composition, the burning sensation should disappear, its presence indicates the presence of acid on the face.
- To partially soothe inflamed skin, a natural mask with a moisturizing effect is applied to the face. At the end of the procedure, the beautician treats the patient’s face with sunscreen with maximum SPF.
This completes the cleansing procedure in the salon, but the next no less important stage begins – post-peeling care for damaged skin.
Skin Care After Peeling
After peeling, the skin needs competent and high-quality care. Further care after TCA peeling is conditionally divided into 2 stages, which have their own characteristics.
The first stage is the active rejection of fibers damaged by acid solution, and their replacement with new ones. Presumably this stage takes 7 – 10 days.
The first days after TCA peeling, the patient feels tightness of the integument, there is swelling and strong redness (erythema). During 1 – 2 days, these side effects may increase. By the fourth day, a dense crust envelops the face. Around the mouth, on the cheeks and chin, crusts may appear a little earlier. You can’t rip them off!
To facilitate this step, use moisturizing and regenerating preparations. This may be panthenol or another regenerating drug prescribed by the cosmetologist for care.
It is forbidden to use cosmetics with abrasive, aggressive chemical particles, perfumes in the post-peeling period, only natural soft-acting preparations. In the early days, it is better to use sprays to minimize contact with burnt tissue.
Until complete healing of the integument after acid exfoliation, it is strictly forbidden:
- make compresses on the face, steam out the skin and try in every way to speed up the exfoliation process;
- Go to the sauna, pool or bath;
- play sports, perform strong power loads;
- apply decorative cosmetics and any preparations not prescribed by the cosmetologist to the face;
- expose the skin to direct sunlight, sunbathe and visit tanning salons.
When the inflammatory processes died away, swelling subsided, the second stage of restoration of the integument begins. This period will last another 2 – 3 weeks. Further care after TCA should provide maximum nutrition and hydration of the skin. Nutrient components, vitamins accelerate the metabolism in cells, stimulate the accelerated growth of new fibers and increase their protective properties.
Side effects and complications
After exfoliation with trichloroacetic acid, especially median exposure, the patient expects several unpleasant, but quite normal phenomena. They do not always require treatment and, as a rule, pass on their own, without problems. It is enough to ensure proper care after TCA.
Side effects include the following:
- swelling of tissues in sensitive areas. If the patient is prone to allergic reactions, then the beautician prescribes additional antihistamines to reduce the degree of edema;
- persistent redness of the face (cosmetologists call this phenomenon erythema) last a few days;
- a feeling of tightness of the integument, unusual dryness – after peeling, a thin film forms on the face, which eventually becomes denser and forms crusts. As they exfoliate, the defect will weaken and disappear altogether;
- strong peeling and crusting – the intensity of this side effect depends on the individual characteristics of the patient. The main thing is not to peel off exfoliating tissue so as not to leave scars and scars.
In addition to the expected side effects, complications may lie in wait for the patient. Among them are:
- The appearance of dark pigment spots – TCA peeling makes the skin very weak, therefore, the risk of pigmentation increases. To reduce this risk for 6 – 12 months, use high SPF sunscreen products. Many cosmetologists even recommend postponing trips to ski resorts and the sea for a year after median exfoliations.
- Prolonged persistent erythema – often this problem affects patients with dilated superficial vessels of the skin. The defect can drag on for a year. To eliminate it as soon as possible, it is recommended to adjust the diet (exclude spicy, alcohol), abandon baths, saunas and physical activity, which increase body temperature and increase blood circulation.
- The appearance of white age spots on the face (“marble skin”) is a complication characteristic of a deep impact on scars and scars. This indicates the death of melanocytes (cells that produce melanin, skin pigment). The course of surface exfoliation with fruit acids will be able to partially correct the problem.
- The visible demarcation boundary is the line dividing the region that is susceptible to acid exposure and not susceptible. Special tinting cosmetics will help to hide it, and eliminate it is Jessner peeling.
- Post-peeling scars – caused by a violation in skin care after exfoliation. Possible causes of the complication: pyogenic bacteria got into the damaged area, herpes spilled out, or simply peeled off the crust.
- Acne – provokes a splash of acne, an inflammatory reaction inside the skin. As a rule, the complication is characteristic of oily and problem skin. The doctor may recommend medical cosmetics and vitamins.
- The increased sensitivity of the integument, which persists for a long time — sometimes a feeling of dryness appears on this background, “pseudo-wrinkles” are formed. To eliminate the defect, a course of injections with hyaluronic acid or mesotherapy can be prescribed.
In the post-peeling period, follow the instructions of the specialist as much as possible, observe the changes on the face and, in case of an unusual reaction, inform the cosmetologist about this. Remember, timely solution to the problem will save you from grief and complications.
Home Exfoliation TCA
Cleansing with trichloroacetic acid is not recommended, but if you are completely confident in your own abilities, you can proceed. Carefully study the contraindications and cleaning techniques, prepare the skin for exfoliation, according to the requirements of cosmetologists.
For home exfoliation, you will need the following tools and tools:
- 15% trichloroacetic acid solution;
- antibacterial cleanser (without scrubs and aggressive chemical components);
- skin degreasing lotion;
- weak soda solution;
- water (boiled, chilled);
- moisturizing cream with antibacterial effect;
- paper napkins;
- cotton swabs.
The procedure is carried out in the following order:
- Rinse off makeup and dust particles from face.
- Dry your skin with napkins.
- Degrease the epidermis with lotion.
- Using cotton buds, apply the acid composition symmetrically to the skin. Start with the forehead, parallel to the chin. Do not touch the area around the eyes, the area near the mucous membranes.
- Hold the product on your face for 3 minutes. Fanning will help reduce burning sensation.
- With a weak soda solution, neutralize the acid after the exposure time. Do not be afraid of hissing, this is normal!
- Wash with plenty of water and apply a moisturizer with antibacterial properties.
Skin care after home peeling should be the same as after a salon procedure.
About the timing of the cleaning
All patients are interested in 2 main questions: how many procedures are needed and how often can be done cleaning. We will understand them in more detail.
To achieve noticeable results, one procedure is enough. In rare cases, exfoliation is repeated. Make a surface peeling of TCA is allowed again only a month after the first exposure to acid, in the absence of complications and post-peeling defects on the face.
TSA peelings can be performed 1 once a year.
Trichloroacetic acid peels promise effective transformation of the integument. The effect after such a procedure lasts 6 – 12 months.
Trichloroacetic acid peeling is an effective cleansing method that allows you to permanently get rid of imperfections on the face. But keep in mind that the procedure has enough contraindications and a high risk of complications, especially at a more mature age. Plus, pre-peeling preparation, peeling and subsequent care will cost a lot.