When is it best to do face peeling? This question is asked by everyone who considers exfoliation as an effective way to restore youth and beauty to the skin. Each procedure has its own time, or rather season and age. For example, cleansing the skin with trichloroacetic acid (TCA) is possible only in winter, and retinoic or “yellow” peeling is permissible only for women after 30 years. When and which peeling to choose – we will tell further.
The importance of the right moment
Among cosmetologists, debates about whether face peeling is a year-round beauty procedure are relevant.
Some experts insist that exfoliation is an exclusively seasonal technique: the optimal period for it is from October to April and course planning should begin at least a month before the first session. Other representatives of the beauty industry are sure that the main thing is not the time of year, but a type of face peeling. Therefore, some options for skin exfoliation with caution are permissible in the late spring and summer months, it is not necessary to wait six months before the onset of cold weather. In any case, both sides agree that it is forbidden to conduct peelings whenever your heart desires. Each procedure should be timely.
To understand why exfoliation is important to be timely, you need to remember its purpose. The main task of all peelings for the skin of the face is a deep and professional cleansing of the epidermis from the layer of dead cells.
This process, due to the physiological ability of the skin to quickly regenerate, leads to the elimination of its aesthetic defects and a noticeable rejuvenation: the network of facial and age wrinkles is smoothed, age spots are lightened, new collagen and elastin fibers reduce the roughness and friability of the face after acne, the uneven tone disappears, enlarged pores and manifestations of acne are reduced.
To achieve such an effect with the help of peeling, cosmetologists succeed either thanks to hardware techniques (physical and laser peeling), or using special preparations based on fruit or synthesized acids (chemical peeling). In both cases, the skin is injured: depending on the depth of penetration of the active substance from the epidermal layer to the basal tissue.
Exfoliation or a provoked chemical burn “expose” delicate skin, and the temporary absence of a protective barrier requires special care. Insulation from increased ultraviolet radiation, sudden temperature changes, gusty winds and dry air. Therefore, most of the middle and surface peelings are performed in the season of low solar activity – in the autumn-winter period. Then it is easier to protect the skin from external irritants and enhance the effect of the procedure.
Young skin is especially vulnerable to mid and deep peeling techniques. That is why cosmetologists advise to refrain from certain types of exfoliation of young ladies until 25 years. Having independently written out a recipe for radical peeling, they can only worsen the condition of the skin. In adolescence and young adulthood, serious peels are prescribed not as an aesthetic procedure, but as a treatment for the consequences of serious dermatological diseases.
Many visitors to cosmetology clinics and beauty salons have doubts about the proposals for peeling in the warm season, guided by stereotypes that peeling loves the cold. But there are spring manipulations designed to prepare the skin for an equal tan, and summer procedures, the main purpose of which is to return the skin to an attractive appearance after a sunny vacation.
When to do peeling, and when it is better to refrain from exfoliation sessions, is affected by the composition of peeling products and what problems they are intended to solve.
Most middle and deep peelings are carried out only from the beginning of winter. The reason for this choice of specialists is hypersensitivity of the skin renewed after cleansing to aggressive ultraviolet rays. Anti-aging physical and chemical methods not only damage the upper layer of the epidermis, but cause changes in its internal structures, triggering rejuvenation processes. Therefore, tanning in the sun and in the solarium during such peelings can provoke a thermal burn of the skin of I or even II degree, the result of which will be dark pigment spots or painful blisters. And this is the competence of doctors.
Preparation for serious “winter” peelings should be thorough. In the period of a decrease in the general immunity of the body, colds, microcracks, or foci of the herpes virus may appear on the skin of the face. In order for these unpleasant surprises not to interfere with the planned course of exfoliation, it is better to carry out preventive treatment in advance or start taking immunomodulating drugs.
The course of “winter” peelings and skin rehabilitation after it should be completed before the spring days. Cloudy weather in this case will only be on hand: the skin can recover without stress and the effect of the rejuvenation procedure will be long.
A good chemical peeling for winter is TCA based on trichloroacetic acid. In the warm season, it is strictly contraindicated. As well as phenolic, pyruvic, azelaic and glycolic. Exfoliation based on these acids is also best planned from November to March.
If you decide to try the action of hardware methods of deep skin cleansing, winter is ideal for recording on laser peeling, resurfacing or a course of microcrystalline dermabrasion.
All “winter” peelings not only rejuvenate the skin and permanently erase imperfections from the face, they form a reserve of nutrients inside the dermis and establish metabolic processes in it. Medium and deep procedures are able to “open” the skin cells to a more efficient perception of vitamins, minerals, oxygen and other trace elements. Serious exfoliation helps solve problems with blood vessels: strengthen their walls and activate internal blood flow. Therefore, it is important to get the maximum benefit from “winter” peelings, while protecting the skin from irritants from the outside.
Autumn is the best season for the course of superficial and middle peelings. Beauticians recommend such beauty procedures to all women after 30 years. Autumn exfoliation courses are the best way to tidy up dehydrated and sun-dried summer skin. To the question of when it is possible to do skin cleansing in the fall, cosmetologists answer unequivocally: with a decrease in solar activity, that is, not earlier than October.
- superficial fruit or multifruit peels;
This is a chemical method of skin cleansing based on tartaric, malic, citric, glycolic and other natural acids in a low concentration (maximum 30%). The fruit peeling procedure can be carried out both in the salon and at home. Its versatility speaks of the ease of execution and safety of formulations. Proper fruit exfoliation will erase the signs of photoaging, pigmentation, unaesthetic redness from the face and give it a radiant look.
- superficial and median enzyme peeling;
One of the only acceptable options for sensitive and thin skin. This gentle exfoliation of the face helps to cope with a bright grid of capillaries, saturate the cells with micronutrients and oxygen.
It is carried out in the fall as a sure way to smooth out fine wrinkles of “joy” around the eyes and lips. Glycolic acid peeling also helps to cope with photoaging, refresh and moisturize sun-tired skin.
“Yellow” peeling stimulates the skin to its own enhanced production of “youth fibers” – collagen and elastin. Such cleansing significantly tones the skin and improves its elasticity.
Peels in the spring are designed to “awaken” tired skin after winter and restore its radiant appearance. At this time, the face reflects all signs of vitamin deficiency, a lack of micronutrients and a general decrease in body tone. “Spring” peelings nourish and refresh the skin, smooth its relief, and also actively prepare the skin for the subsequent exposure to ultraviolet radiation.
For spring, soft and slightly aggressive peels based on low-concentrated fruit acids, coral peeling, physical methods (for example, cryotherapy or gas-liquid exfoliation), as well as all methods of skin whitening, are suitable. The latter, for example, include proven and effective phytin peeling, which normalizes the production of melanin by the skin.
- Most spring care procedures can be performed at home, just find the right recipe and purchase the necessary components for the product.
Do not be surprised, but summer is also the right time for some peelings. Of course, they are a minority, but they all have a common goal – to prepare the skin for an even tan or, conversely, to rid the face of obvious signs of photoaging. The summer season allows only gentle surface cleaning, mechanical or chemical. Ideal “summer” procedures will be:
- lactic acid peeling;
- purification using mandelic acid;
- salicylic acid peeling;
- ferulic peeling, which stimulates the release of toxins from the skin and reduces the thickness of its stratum corneum;
- enzymatic exfoliation in the absence of acids in the composition of funds.
In the summer, more than ever, the period of post-peeling facial care is important. Every time you go out, do not forget to apply a sunscreen lotion with a high degree of protection against ultraviolet radiation (the SPF mark must be at least 35-50). Drink more water and apply a nourishing or moisturizing cream to your skin every night for a week.
Peeling and age
If we consider the question of when it is better to do face peelings in terms of age restrictions, then experts are unanimous in the opinion that not all exfoliations are universal. For example, before 25 years, it is generally not recommended to resort to peeling skin renewal techniques. Unless there are direct appointments of dermatologists. At this age, only the most gentle and gentle methods of surface cleaning can be relevant: ultrasonic cleaning, scrubbing with natural compounds based on coffee, fruit seeds or oatmeal, mask films.
Peeling formulations for young skin do not violate the integrity of the skin, but only eliminate atmospheric pollution or a dead layer of the epidermis. Their goal is intensive hydration and nutrition. Therefore, most of these peelings can be carried out at home using self-prepared formulations.
After 30-35 years, peelings become relevant. Firstly, as an effective way of prolonged skin rejuvenation, and secondly, as an option to get rid of small aesthetic defects: freckles, dull complexion, scars after acne. For women of the “Balzac” age, cosmetologists recommend starting self-care with light superficial peels, such as almond or glycol ones, gradually moving to median techniques.
After 40-45 years, only deep peels are capable of returning to the face of beauty, both mechanical (for example, laser resurfacing of the face) and chemical (for example, phenol). The effect of such a radical effect on the skin of the face is comparable to plastic surgery and requires long-term rehabilitation, sometimes in a day hospital.
If you are still wondering when to peel your face, take your time. Remember that serious chemical or laser techniques can only do harm to young skin, provoking the onset of irreversible effects. Just like the bright rays of the summer sun can destroy the whole idea of post-peeling attractiveness of the face. Be patient, consult a beautician and your time for beauty will definitely come.