Proline

Proline belongs to the number of replaceable amino acids, since the body is able to synthesize this substance from the decay product of another amino acid, glutamate. And if there is enough protein in the diet, it is not difficult for the body to produce an amino acid that is important for the formation of collagen, tissue repair, prevention of atherosclerosis and maintaining stable blood pressure.

General characteristics

Proline is one of the cyclic aliphatic amino acids, although it is actually not an amino acid, but represents a group of amino acids. It was first bred in 1901 by the German chemist E. Fischer from casein. Unlike other substances of the group, which are water-soluble, it is better diluted in an alcoholic environment. It is synthesized from glutamine or ornithine, and is also involved in the production of glutamic acid.

Like other amino acids, it is the basis for proteins, although, due to its special structure, it gives proteins rigidity. In addition, it is involved in providing the body with energy.

The body is able to produce proline as long as it receives the necessary elements from the food for the synthesis process. For the complete metabolism of this substance, a person needs niacin and ascorbic acid. It is also important to know that proline and ornithine are interchangeable substances in the body. You can get this amino acid from meat and other animal products.

In healthy people, proline deficiency is almost not found. Meanwhile, there are categories for which it is important to supplement your daily diet with foods containing amino acids. In particular, this applies to people after injuries, surgical interventions, with skin problems, joint pains and cartilage injuries.

Proline – an amino acid essential for cartilage and skin. This substance improves the structure of the skin, promotes the formation of collagen (is its main component), and also prevents rapid aging. This amino acid is of great importance for the treatment of skin diseases such as acne or ulcers, helps to strengthen the structure of the epidermis, to make the skin smooth.

Also known about the beneficial effects of amino acids on the joints and vertebrae. For this reason, it serves as an effective component in programs for the treatment of osteoarthritis, spinal diseases.

The human body needs proline as a substance that supports healthy muscle tissue. Amino acid level decrease is observed in people after intensive sports trainings, as well as in runners after competitions. In professional sports, proline is used as a means of preventing the loss of muscle mass. Amino acid has many useful properties, is a prophylactic against cardiovascular diseases and arterial hypertension.

Functions in the body:

  1. Collagen formation.

Collagen is a smooth tissue that encompasses and holds bones together like glue. This structural protein is distributed throughout the body. Reducing friction, and acts as a shock absorber, helps restore cartilage and maintains joint elasticity. And it is thanks to proline that collagen exists in the body, which, in fact, at 15 percent consists of this amino acid. Proline together with lysine are precursors for hydroxylysine and hydroxyproline. The latter is just used by the body to create collagen, the formation of tendons and even the heart muscle. This explains why proline is considered an effective treatment for osteoarthritis, stretch marks and chronic back pain.

  1. Prevention of atherosclerosis.

Proline plays an important role in the fight against atherosclerosis. Cleansing the walls of blood vessels from fat accumulation, this amino acid helps to restore normal blood flow, which removes additional stress from the heart, reduces the risk of developing cardiac diseases.

  1. Skin health.

The skin is the largest organ in the human body. But beyond that, she is also the first defender against infections. Therefore, it is important to maintain its health and integrity. Collagen, produced with the participation of Proline, an indispensable component of the skin. Over the years, the amount of collagen can significantly decrease, which is fraught with thinning and weakening of tissues. Therefore, it is important to maintain the level of proline, which means to support the creation of beneficial conditions for creating collagen production, on which the skin texture and intensity of formation of new epidermis cells depend.

  1. Tissue repair.

Proline production increases during injuries, burns, wounds, muscle damage or tendons, and after heavy surgery. Thus, nature took care of a well-established mechanism of tissue repair and rapid healing of wounds, which is facilitated by proline through the mediation of collagen.

  1. Role in cosmetology.

The modern beauty industry offers many products and procedures, the task of which is to improve our appearance of a person. Beauty salons offer many services, without revealing at the same time, what is the secret of the effectiveness of certain means. But actually look younger and healthier will not be difficult if you know that the beauty of the skin depends on Proline. This amino acid is easily obtained from regular daily food, as well as in the form of bioactive additives.

Daily rate

The daily requirement for proline for an adult body is approximately 5 grams.

However, it is worth immediately warning all lovers of pharmacy vitamins and dietary supplements: an amino acid obtained from food, or synthesized by the body, is much more useful than products of the pharmaceutical industry. Such drugs allow the amino acid to be absorbed only by 70 percent.

Who is facing a shortage

In healthy people, proline deficiency is almost not found. Meanwhile, there are categories for which it is important to supplement your daily diet with foods containing amino acids. In particular, this applies to people after injuries, surgical interventions, with skin problems, joint pains and cartilage injuries.

Also slightly increase the daily servings of amino acids, it is desirable during the period of intoxication, pregnancy, stress, depression, weakened immunity, fatigue. Blood loss, serious injuries, increased mental activity also serve as a reason to reconsider the diet in favor of increasing portions of products rich in Proline.

Deficiency of the substance can manifest weakness, muscular dystrophy, anemia, skin problems, painful menstruation, migraines, metabolic disorders, as well as deterioration of brain activity.

When to cut portions

At the same time, some people are facing proline intolerance. In such cases, it will be necessary to reduce portions of this amino acid.

Food sources

In products, proline is found in high concentration in dairy foods, eggs, certain meats, wheat germ, as well as in products containing gelatin (for example, broths). Meat, asparagus, avocado, beans, brewer’s yeast, broccoli, brown rice, cabbage, green onions, dairy products, eggs, fish, seafood, reptiles, legumes, nuts, seafood, seaweed, seeds, soybeans, spinach, and cress , whole grain, rye bread – not the whole list of products containing this useful amino acid.

Combination with other substances

To increase the effectiveness of proline and collagen production, it is important to consume vitamin C.

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