Electrolysis is an effective method of eliminating excess vegetation for a long period of time. The name of the procedure is determined by the principle of its implementation: the hairs with its help are removed by electric current. Through the sensor electrode, it enters the hair, heats and destroys its core, bulb and papilla. The technique implies a point approach, that is, treatment of each hair separately, which is especially successful if you need to work with small problem areas.
- 1 Classification of Procedures
- 2 Indications for electrolysis
- 3 Preparation stage
- 4 The main stages of the procedure
- 5 How to organize rehabilitation?
- 6 The negative effects of electrolysis
- 7 Basic Contraindications
- 8 Before and after photos
- 9 Popular procedure questions
Classification of Procedures
Electrolysis is divided into several independent areas, differing in the type of devices used and electric current. So, the types of hair removal can be determined depending on the electrode:
- Tweezers, captures each hair, passes current through it and removes it according to the classical principle. This solution is considered painless and is suitable for working with sensitive skin.
- Sensor – needle. The most popular and often practiced method. The needle is inserted into the hole from which the hair grows, delivers an electric current, then the hair falls out on its own. The sensor can be made of medical alloy or gold, and even have a Teflon coating.
Of course, the most commonly used classification of the procedure involves the consideration of various types of electric currents. So, it is customary to distinguish the following most popular types of electrolysis.
It is based on high frequency alternating current. It is characterized by extremely rapid destruction of the follicle, due to which a high speed of manipulation is achieved. It should be borne in mind that the effectiveness of such a technique is directly related to the qualifications of a cosmetologist.
Destroys hairs by forming an electrochemical process based on galvanic current. This method is suitable for the destruction of even damaged follicles, but it requires a significant expenditure of time.
It is a symbiosis of thermolysis and electrolysis. He absorbed their best positive aspects, and therefore receives positive reviews from professionals.
Flash (Advanced Thermolysis)
Due to its characteristics, it has a less painful effect, however, the final results are again determined by the skill and skills of the specialist.
Indications for electrolysis
Electric epilation is a truly universal technique. It is used to eliminate hair of any type (both the darkest and very light and even gray). It is precisely this procedure that compares favorably with laser exposure or photoepilation. In addition, it does not matter what type of skin the patient has, this is not a limitation to the manipulation.
Carrying out this hair removal requires a little preliminary preparation. It consists in the patient performing the following actions:
- Refusal of sunbathing (for 7 – 10 days).
- Shaving hair in the problem area (approximately 2 – 3 days).
- Performing hygiene procedures (in a few hours).
The final effect of all procedures will depend on how accurately these recommendations are followed.
The main stages of the procedure
Electric hair removal is a very painstaking and lengthy technique. One session can take from 10 minutes to several hours.
The procedure begins with mandatory anesthesia. Anesthesia during electrolysis can be carried out either by injection or with a special surface anesthetic cream. Then the patient takes a comfortable position and takes a passive electrode in his hand, the cosmetologist has an active sensor, it is with his help that every hair is eliminated.
Upon completion of the manipulations, a prerequisite is the application of a sedative with an antiseptic effect.
A positive effect can be achieved only by completing the full course. Patient reviews indicate that visible changes occur after the first session, but they do not bring 100-percent result.
On average, a full course implies from 5 to 8 procedures (less often – more or less, this can only be determined by a cosmetologist in person). The break between sessions is approximately 45 – 60 days, and if necessary, can be reduced to a month.
How to organize rehabilitation?
Skin care after electrolysis should be performed on a regular basis. It is mandatory to use antiseptic agents, for example, alcohol-containing solutions or Miramistin. The preparations are applied to a clean cotton pad and used for further processing of the skin 3 – 4 once a day with equal intervals of time.
If necessary, it may be necessary to use anti-inflammatory and healing compounds (ointments Bepanten, Panthenol and others). They are used for burns and severe redness of the dermis to relieve inflammation, soothe damaged tissues and provide additional moisture.
On average, rehabilitation lasts up to 14 days, but in many patients it ends much faster. In addition to using the special tools described above, it is necessary to adhere to the following standard restrictions, namely:
- Do not go out in the sun without special protective cosmetics.
- Do not visit tanning salons, saunas and baths.
- Refuse swimming in the pool and in open water.
- Limit physical activity, so as not to provoke active sweating.
- Minimize any mechanical effect on the treated area (it is strictly forbidden to comb the formed crusts at the place of removed hairs).
The negative effects of electrolysis
Unfortunately, even such an effective procedure is often accompanied by various side effects. Some of them are a natural reaction of the body to external intervention, while others can be quite dangerous and indicate errors that occurred during exposure. So, manifestations of the following nature are usually considered normal:
- Local redness.
- Mild itching.
- The formation of crusts and peeling of the skin.
With these side effects, it is recommended not to do anything. Try to wait out the rehabilitation period and follow a number of simple recommendations; you do not need to see a doctor for additional help.
Of course, complications can be more pronounced. Usually they are associated with the individual characteristics of the patient’s body, the low professionalism of the cosmetologist, neglect of safety procedures or contraindications. These include:
- Hyperpigmentation (the formation of dark spots on the skin).
- The spread of infection and the formation of latent inflammation.
- Burns (the cause of their appearance is a medical error or skin hypersensitivity).
If you observe any of the listed complications, or if existing side effects do not disappear within 3 – 5 days, it is recommended to visit a cosmetologist for a second consultation and appointments.
Electric hair removal has a fairly large number of restrictions on the conduct, which is direct evidence of the seriousness of such an intervention. Contraindications:
- pregnancy and lactation;
- exacerbation of chronic diseases;
- increased body temperature and decreased immunity;
- the presence of implanted gold threads, pacemakers, intrauterine devices;
- exacerbation of skin diseases, the presence of open wounds and cuts in the area subjected to processing.
Before and after photos
Popular procedure questions
Is electrolysis suitable for men?
Removing excess vegetation with the help of electric current is suitable for both men and women. However, many experts note that representatives of the stronger sex will not be able to expect a permanent or even lasting effect, due to the characteristics of their hormonal background. On average, a solution to the problem for the stronger sex is available for a period of six months to two years.
Is electrolysis harmful? Why is the procedure not performed during pregnancy?
The procedure is absolutely safe for humans and performed by professionals does not cause any serious complications for the patient, however, it is not recommended to carry it out while waiting for the baby. This is explained by increased sensitivity to pain in the female body and constantly changing hormonal levels.
On how grabs electrolysis?
Under the condition of the normal functioning of the endocrine system, the positive effect of the procedure lasts practically for life, in rare cases, rare hairs begin to grow only after 5 – 6 years.
Is electrolysis performed in the summer?
Electric hair removal can be carried out at any time of the year, subject to the recommendations of the preparatory and rehabilitation period.
In which areas can not get rid of hair with electrolysis?
Performing manipulations is possible on any part of the body or on the face, however, armpit electrolysis is categorically not recommended due to the presence of a significant number of lymph nodes under the skin.
What areas are most often processed and why?
A similar procedure is suitable for almost any zone, however, since it implies a point impact, its implementation is often practiced to correct small areas. At the same time, the hair on the legs, back and arms is often removed.
How often do complications arise after the procedure?
After exposure, temporary side effects are almost always observed, which do not pose a serious danger to the patient’s health. In rare cases, you can find reviews of complications caused by a violation of safety during treatment of the hairline or neglect of mandatory contraindications.
How often can I visit a specialist to undergo electrolysis?
A second session is scheduled approximately 5 – 8 weeks after the first visit to a specialist.
Electrolysis – a unique cosmetology technique based on electric current, designed to eliminate excess hair on the body and face of a person. In just 5 – 7 sessions, the patient can expect to get a pronounced effect that lasts throughout his life. The procedure is suitable for the absolute number of patients, and is successfully used to combat any type of vegetation.