Differences between laser hair removal, photoepilation and electrolysis – Cosmetology, plastic surgery and diets

Differences between laser hair removal, photoepilation and electrolysis

Modern cosmetology offers lovely ladies many methods of dealing with excess vegetation. But how to choose the best way among such a wide variety? Having studied the reviews of potential visitors to beauty salons, we can conclude that they want an effective and affordable procedure that does not have side effects and does not provoke pain in the process.

In order to choose the appropriate technique, we will conduct a detailed comparison of the three most popular techniques and answer the question: is photoepilation, laser hair removal or electrolysis better? Let’s talk about what advantages and disadvantages they have, how much they cost and in what cases are indicated for implementation.

Operating principle

Comparison on the topic of what is more effective, it is necessary to start by determining the principle and spectrum of action of each of the procedures. So, photoepilation is based on light radiation emitted by special powerful lamps. The directed flow is absorbed by the pigment melanin inside the hair, then is converted into thermal energy and destroys it from the inside. It should be noted that the light passes through special filters, so that the skin is only exposed to a safe effect, eliminating only hair follicles and rods. Due to the wide nozzle, the treatment does not occur pointwise, but fractionally, that is, by certain zones, several dozen hairs undergo destruction at a time.

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The principle of laser hair removal is in many ways similar to the algorithm described above. A light beam is converted into powerful heat, which destroys pigmentation, cells and hair structure in just a few seconds, while the skin only slightly heats up and cools easily. There are several varieties of this effect, each of which has certain features:

  • Diode laser. Wavelength 810 nm. It perfectly copes with the removal of soft hairs, removes and makes it thinner – hard;
  • Alexandrite laser. Wavelength up to 755 nm. It is specially used to remove light and red thin hairs, as well as with hypersensitive skin;
  • Neodymium laser. Wavelength 1063 nm. One of the components of its beam is infrared light, well suited for dealing with hard, dark hairs;
  • Ruby laser. Wavelength 694 nm. Used with dark hair and fair skin.

Electrolysis is a point technique and involves the impact on each hair individually, and not on a specific area of ​​the skin as a whole. The principle of its action is radically different, different from the methods presented above. Manipulations are carried out by a special sensor, which is sent directly to the hair follicle, and the current emitted by it destroys the hair root.

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Indications for conduction

The purpose of any hair removal is to eliminate the hairline of a particular zone. However, the selection of a specific technique is based on several factors, for example, the type of skin and hair of the patient, as well as the localization of the problem area. The easiest way to do this is according to the table below.

Type of exposure Electrolysis Photoepilation Laser Hair Removal
Body areas It can be applied to any part of the body. Expert reviews contain information that it is most preferable when working with a person Suitable for all areas except the face, cannot provide a point impact and is not suitable for painstaking work. Suitable for all areas of the face and body.
Skin type Any type of skin Light skin preferably Light skin preferably
Hair type Any type of hair Dark hair Dark hair (when using an alexandrite laser, light and red hair)

The main stages of the procedures

All of these procedures require preliminary preparation. So, a few days before epilation, the hairs need to be shaved, that is, prepare them for the phase of active growth. In each case, there is a certain period for this:

  • When electrolyting hair should reach a length of about 3 mm, it is recommended to shave it in about 5 – 6 days.
  • When photoepilation, hair should reach a length of the order of 1 mm, which means that it is recommended to shave them in about a day.
  • When laser hair removal, the hair should be approximately 2 mm, shave them for 24-48 hours.
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During electrolysis, the skin is necessarily treated with an anesthetic. The procedure is characterized by pronounced, extremely unpleasant sensations, so the patient can not do without local anesthesia.

Laser or photoepilation does not provoke such an unpleasant sensation. There are reviews that they are easy to transfer without any additional treatment of the skin, but experts prefer to use a special cooling gel. It relieves pain and burning, helps to avoid a feeling of dryness and tightness. During the photoepilation session, the specialist can adjust the unpleasant sensations of the client, taking breaks between flashes a little longer, and the laser effect can be adjusted by setting individually selected settings.

laser hair removal

Laser hair removal

Electrolysis is carried out by a course of 4 – 7 procedures, carried out once in about a month and a half. Laser exposure is performed at the same interval, but requires approximately 7 – 10 sessions. The most beneficial in terms of duration is the photoepilation course, which is about 6 – 10 sessions with a break in 3 – 4 weeks.

Side effects

Carrying out epilation of any kind provokes certain complications, which must be taken into account. For procedures based on the action of light radiation, thermal burns, swelling, redness, and also hyperpigmentation are most characteristic. When using high-quality equipment and observing safety precautions, the chance of getting serious problems is small and almost equal to zero.

As for electrolysis, here, in addition to edema and irritation, scars and a violation of pigmentation processes can be observed. In all cases, most patients note a temporary soreness in the treated area.


A visible similarity between the procedures is a list of contraindications. Such cosmetic manipulations are prohibited with:

  • pregnancy and feeding the baby;
  • serious diseases (oncology, diabetes, epilepsy);
  • viral and infectious diseases, elevated body temperature;
  • herpes, other skin infections in the acute stage, open wounds and inflammations in the area subject to treatment.

Before and after photos

Before and after photoepilation

Photos before and after photoepilation

Photo-before-and-after-laser hair removal

Photos before and after laser hair removal

Before and after electrolysis

Photos before and after electrolysis


What is better, photoepilation or laser hair removal, or maybe electrolysis? In order to answer this question once and for all, we will conduct a final comparison of three popular methods on the most important factors.

Method Electrolysis Laser Hair Removal Photoepilation
Impact Spot, electric Extensive, light Extensive, light
Efficiency level (%) Until 100 Until 80 Until 60
Hair type Any Dark and light (depending on the type of laser) Only dark
Impact on the result Specialist skill, hormonal background of the patient Specialist skill Instrument status, availability of settings for individual parameters
Anesthesia Required Cooling gel Cooling gel
Duration of the procedure No more than 15 minutes in one session From 30 minutes and more. Often enough for hours 20 to 40 minutes on average

So now you know what is the difference between photoepilation, laser hair removal and electrolysis. When choosing a technique, carefully study the reviews of specialists and patients, pay attention to the features of your body, as well as financial capabilities. Remember that each method of dealing with hair has its own advantages and disadvantages, which means that there can be no universal recommendations.

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