Removing excess vegetation on the face and body with the help of photoepilation is one of the most modern and effective methods. The procedure is actively advertised in magazines, on Internet portals, in beauty salons. However, at the same time, most potential customers have only a vague idea of its features and principles of implementation. What is photoepilation, and in which cases does it form a pronounced positive effect that patients so dream of?
Photoepilation is one of the youngest, but at the same time extremely effective methods for eliminating unwanted hair on the face and body. During the procedure, specialists use special lamps that generate broadband light. Aimed at the problem area, it is absorbed by the pigment melanin, is converted into heat and destroys the structure of the hair follicle.
The principle of action largely determines the indications for a similar procedure. The thing is that in the absence of compliance with a number of conditions, it can be absolutely ineffective. So, photoepilation acts exclusively on dark hair, which contains melanin; blond, gray or red hair cannot be removed.
The procedure can be carried out on the basis of various devices, each of which has certain features and distinctive characteristics. The most popular area is IPL photoepilation, a technique that allows you to create light radiation in a wide range from 500 to 1200 nm.
Preparing for photoepilation
Preparation for the procedure is as simple as possible and does not require significant physical costs. In about a week, you should refuse to take sunbathing, start using sunscreens. For 3 – 4 the day before the session, the hair in the problem area is shaved so that they can grow by about 3 – 4 mm. On the appointed day, the necessary hygiene procedures should be carried out and the skin should be cleaned as much as possible.
The radiation parameters for each patient are selected individually. This is done to achieve optimal results and prevent the development of complications.
Before processing, the skin must be treated with a special cooling gel. This tool reduces the likelihood of getting burns and reduces discomfort during the process of hair removal. After the composition is applied, the generation of flashes begins. A stream of light destroys the follicle, then, after about 1 – 2 weeks, damaged hair falls out.
The full course consists of approximately 5 – 8 sessions with a break from 30 to 60 days. A more specific scheme for the patient is an individual cosmetologist.
Recommendations for skin restoration
After the session, the rehabilitation period of the treated skin begins. Its duration is approximately 5 – 8 days. Within the specified period, it is recommended to refuse:
- visits to the solarium, sauna, pool;
- prolonged exposure to the sun;
- hygienic procedures with hot water.
In addition, the skin should be moisturized regularly, treated with antiseptic compounds and sun protection products (when going outside).
Possible unpleasant consequences
Quite often, hair removal through photoepilation provokes the formation of certain side effects. The response of the body to an aggressive external intervention is quite natural, it should not bother the patient, if the manifestations are observed no more than 2 – 3 days. Standard effects include redness, swelling, mild itching, or pain.
There are more specific problems caused by the procedure. The most common unpleasant effects of photoepilation are expressed in:
- burns (a consequence of a medical error or features of the skin);
- the appearance of bright spots, a change in the pigmentation of the treated area (occurs due to a violation of the recommendations of the recovery period after the procedure);
- the formation of keloid scars (with a tendency to their appearance);
- exacerbation of existing skin diseases;
Unfortunately, even such a safe and modern technique has certain contraindications. Restrictions for carrying out experts include:
- lactation (breastfeeding);
- high blood pressure;
- Children’s age (up to 16 years);
- cardiovascular diseases;
- open wounds and inflammatory processes in the treated area;
- viral diseases, fever, exacerbation of chronic pathologies;
- propensity to form keloids;
- skin diseases (herpes, psoriasis and others).
Advantages and disadvantages
First, let us formulate what is the harm of photoepilation, its weaknesses and shortcomings. They can be attributed to:
- The presence of restrictions on the conduct (certain contraindications).
- Fairly high prices (it must be borne in mind that a positive effect is noted after a full course of procedures).
- The presence of strict indications (the effect is exclusively on dark hair).
- Duration of the course and a large number of hair removal sessions.
- Unpleasant consequences and side effects from carrying out.
Of course, photoepilation has not only disadvantages, reviews about the procedure are often the most positive. Its strengths include:
- Short rehabilitation period.
- The formation of noticeable changes after the first procedure.
- An additional anti-aging effect for the skin.
- Lack of direct contact with the skin, as a result – no risk of infection.
When answering the question of how much hair removal costs, it is necessary to note the influence on the final prices of several important factors. The cost of one session directly depends on:
- The number of perfect flashes (main characteristic).
- Localization of the problem area.
- Beautician qualifications.
- Type of equipment used.
Before and after photos
How long does the effect of photoepilation last?
After a full course, hair does not grow from 6 months to 5 – 7 years. The exact duration of the preservation of the result depends on the individual characteristics of the patient’s body (gender, hormonal background, etc.)
Is photoepilation harmful to the skin?
The technique is absolutely safe for human skin. Inside the device, generating radiation, special filters are installed that trap ultraviolet light.
Is pregnancy a complete contraindication?
Yes, bearing a child is a legitimate restriction to hair removal in this way. There are a lot of reasons for this statement, one of them is the constantly changing hormonal background, which can make the effect of manipulations zero.
Why is photoepilation not carried out while breastfeeding?
It is believed that painful sensations can adversely affect the amount of milk in a nursing mother. In addition, during lactation, the hormonal background is also subject to significant changes, which can negatively affect the final result.
When can I start to sunbathe after photoepilation?
You can start to sunbathe upon the completion of the rehabilitation period, that is, approximately 7 – 10 days after the cosmetology event.
What is the minimum break you can take between sessions in the same course?
The minimum break is one month. Changing dates is strongly discouraged.
Can I shave my hair after the procedure?
In between sessions, it is not only possible, but also necessary to shave off the hair. This method allows you to get rid of vegetation for a short time without injuring the hair bulb, which will subsequently be exposed to light exposure.
Is it possible to do photoepilation in summer?
You can remove hair with this method at any time of the year, however, with high activity of sunlight, you need to follow certain precautions, use sunscreen before and after hair removal sessions.
At what age can I attend the procedure?
It is recommended to attend the procedure no earlier than from 16 years, before the specified age, it is not advisable to do photoepilation.
Is photoepilation painful?
Light radiation eliminates hair without unnecessary pain. During treatment, the patient may experience mild discomfort, however, in most cases, the sensations are quite tolerable and do not require anesthetics. It should be remembered that much depends on the localization of the zone and the pain threshold of the patient.
Which zones are the most popular?
Most often, photoepilation of the legs, arms, back, armpits is performed, that is, sufficiently extensive areas that allow you not to engage in painstaking work. Thanks to the wide nozzle, several hairs can be destroyed at a time, which reduces the time spent on the procedure.
Is it possible to carry out the procedure for males? Are there any features in this case?
Photoepilation for men is also an effective method of eliminating excess vegetation on the face and certain parts of the body. Due to the peculiarity of the hormonal background of the representatives of the stronger sex, the effect is formed from the technique, the effect is less pronounced and persists for a limited period of time (up to two years).
What are the prices for the procedure?
The cost of manipulations is determined by the number of outbreaks, which, in turn, depend on the size of the problem area and the type of hair. On average, processing one small area (for example, above the upper lip) will cost you 1 – 2 thousand rubles.
Photoepilation It is a procedure to eliminate excess vegetation on the face and body through safe light radiation. A powerful, but controlled stream of light is absorbed by melanin, converted into thermal energy and causes irreversible processes of follicle destruction. The technique affects hair exclusively in the phase of its active growth, which means that it requires a complex multiple repetition. Ultimately, after completing the full course, the patient can expect to get rid of vegetation for up to 5, and sometimes 7 years.