The consequences of liposuction are caused by various factors, and to avoid them, you need to familiarize yourself with them.
- 1 Likelihood of complications
- 2 Causes of Complications
- 3 Frequent and rare consequences
- 3.1 Liposuction
- 3.2 Possible early effects
- 3.3 Possible late effects
- 4 The main causes of death associated with liposuction
Likelihood of complications
Liposuction is one of the safest body correction procedures, but nevertheless there is a risk of complications.
Compression underwear after liposuction
With such surgical interventions, significant changes occur in the body, provoked by tissue removal, which is expressed in the restructuring of the water-salt balance, protein metabolism, the deterioration of the immune system, as well as in blood loss.
Accordingly, the work of the body becomes the closest to the extreme regime, and this causes the appearance of increased loads on all organs.
Using modern techniques can reduce the effects of liposuction to a minimum. In most patients who have resorted to this method of correcting their appearance, they do not appear at all or are hardly noticeable.
The possibility of risks depends directly on the state of health, as well as on the qualifications of the surgeon and equipping the clinic with modern equipment. Therefore, a specialist with extensive experience is quite capable of calculating the consequences and eliminating all the influencing factors that provoke their occurrence.
- hyperestasia (increased sensitivity) occurs in 2.6% of patients;
- accumulation of seroma (fluid) appears in 1.6% of patients;
- severe swelling occurs in 1.4% of patients;
- a change in pigmentation in the area subjected to the liposuction procedure appears in 1% of patients;
- chronic pain occurs in 1% of patients;
- postoperative hematomas are observed in 0.8% of patients;
- inflammatory processes develop in 0.6% of patients;
- tissue necrosis in the operating area appears in 0.2% of patients.
The percentage of failed operations is not so small, and this is not a complete list of possible complications.
More severe forms of consequences can occur, such as significant blood loss, the occurrence of blood clots due to the ingress of fatty particles into the bloodstream, as well as an increased load on the cardiovascular system, which can provoke an exacerbation of chronic diseases or their development.
Therefore, before the intervention, it is necessary to undergo a full examination of the body, capable of identifying all contraindications that cause complications. Particularly attentive to this condition should be treated by patients aged and people with chronic diseases.
Causes of Complications
The consequences of liposuction can occur for completely different reasons. Quite often, complications are caused by the individual characteristics of the body and the presence of any diseases. The age factor is also taken into account, since the older the patient, the more likely the appearance of complications expressed in various forms.
The possible errors of the medical staff during the procedure should also be taken into account. These include:
- Improper pumping of fat . This factor causes the appearance of tuberosity in the affected area.
- Damage to blood vessels . It leads to the appearance of pronounced hematomas.
- Violation of sterility conditions. It provokes the occurrence of tissue necrosis and a wide range of septic complications.
- Damage to nerve endings . Causes increased sensitivity.
It is also necessary to pay attention to the characteristics of the body. First of all, this is the level of blood coagulability. If it is insufficient, then significant blood loss is possible. It will not be superfluous to assess the condition of the skin, namely the level of its reduction.
In some patients, after liposuction, increased pigmentation occurs in the treated area under the influence of ultraviolet radiation. It is very difficult to calculate the appearance of such a complication because it manifests itself individually.
Mostly difficult to predict consequences arise from ignoring postoperative recommendations. Therefore, they must be observed without fail. The increased load on the body, as well as the refusal to wear compression underwear can lead to the appearance of tuberosity, as well as other complications.
Frequent and rare consequences
There is a division of complications into those that arise most often, and rare, that arise only in exceptional cases.
Common consequences include the appearance of irregularities in the skin. A competent specialist may well suggest this phenomenon. It arises due to a significant amount of body fat, a very stretched skin and its reduced elasticity, which is due to natural age-related changes in the body.
As a rule, if this complication is predictable, the patient is warned so that he has the opportunity to assess the risks.
During the event, the removal of body fat is carried out in mutually intersecting directions through at least two access points. This is necessary for uniform pumping of body fat and obtaining a flat surface. During the procedure, it is important to avoid prolonged exposure in one zone.
Also, to avoid the appearance of tuberosity, it is recommended to use compression underwear for a certain period of time so that the skin contracts evenly.
In addition, a specialist can recommend a massage course or ultrasonic hardware procedures to eliminate the tuberosity or prevent its appearance. In the case of excessive removal of fat in certain places, fat deposits can move from other areas and fill the existing loopholes.
The frequent consequences include the appearance of edema. They are unavoidable if fat is pumped out in the hips. This phenomenon is provoked by a violation of the lymph outflow, and on the 2-3 day after liposuction, edema reaches its greatest severity. If you follow the recommendations of doctors, then they completely disappear after 2-3 months.
Rare consequences include:
- tissue infection;
- intoxication with painkillers;
- the appearance of blood clots;
- decrease in body temperature.
Avoidance of such complications is made possible by the submission of reliable information about the state of health of patients, as well as analyzes, tests for tolerance of anesthetics and preliminary examination of the body.
Typically, the patient is aware of the intolerance of any drug and warns the doctor in advance about this, so intoxications are extremely rare.
Bleeding also belongs to the category of exceptional events due to the use of vasoconstrictor drugs during surgery, and insufficient blood coagulation allows the identification of appropriate tests. Prevention of infection is carried out using antibacterial agents.
Possible early effects
Complications after liposuction that occur before the end of the rehabilitation period are classified as early.
It is expressed in the appearance of accumulations of lymphatic fluid under the skin. The reason is the excessive use of a solution intended for the breakdown of body fat.
Incorrect procedure can cause grayoma, which provokes a violation of the integrity of the lymphatic system. Seroma appears in the first days after the operation. The problem is solved using drainage installed for several days.
The cause of the complication is damage to the blood vessels. If the bruising is small, then the damage is minimal and such consequences will come on their own, without the intervention of a doctor.
But if the hematoma is large, it is necessary to consult a specialist for aspiration of blood. If this is not done, an inflammatory process or suppuration may appear, then turning into a fistula or causing sepsis.
Septic complications and tissue necrosis
They arise due to non-compliance with the rules of antiseptics. To eliminate them, complex treatment with antibiotics will be required.
This problem arises due to the characteristics of the body. Stains on the skin may appear after exposure to sunlight or on their own. There is no way to eliminate this consequence.
It is expressed in the appearance of hypersensitivity in the area undergoing liposuction. Over time, it completely disappears, but if pain occurs after the rehabilitation period, the help of a specialist will be required.
Possible late effects
Late complications are characteristic in that they can occur after the recovery period.
The appearance of irregularities of the skin
Occur due to excessive pumping of body fat or violation of the recommendations of the attending physician. Therefore, you need to carefully consider the choice of clinic and doctor. It is better to prefer a specialist with extensive experience in this field.
During the rehabilitation period, it is necessary to avoid stress, as well as use compression underwear, which allows the skin to tighten evenly. Carefully implemented recommendations allow the cavity to avoid such complications.
Disproportion of individual parts of the body
This is a relative complication because it depends on the patient himself, as well as on the diet. With an increase in body weight due to the appearance of new fatty deposits, only the area where liposuction was carried out will remain unchanged in shape.
That is, if the diet is not followed, you can get an aesthetic abdomen or thighs in combination with excessively full other parts of the body. Therefore, in order to avoid such a phenomenon, it is worth observing a diet and not allowing the accumulation of fat mass.
Sagging and sagging skin
If abdominal liposuction has been performed, the risk is frequent with severe obesity. Also, the cause of this phenomenon may be insufficient skin elasticity due to age-related factors. Sagging skin can be observed in other areas if a large amount of fat was pumped out at a time.
Therefore, with significant deposits, it is recommended to divide the procedure several times. A plastic surgery can be a solution to the problem, during which skin tightening will be performed.
It is caused by increased blood loss during the event, which may appear when removing too much fat in one go.
Before the intervention, specialists take blood samples in advance so that in case of anemia it is possible to transfuse without using a donor base and in the shortest possible time.
Appears in the case of simultaneous several surgical interventions, for example, liposuction and skin tightening. It is caused by a violation of the integrity of the skin. Symptoms of this complication disappear on their own within a few days.
It is characterized by a sharp deterioration in the state of health and the transient development of the disease. If symptoms of infection occur, you should consult a doctor in the shortest possible time, since it is impossible to eliminate this complication without complex antibiotic treatment.
The main causes of death associated with liposuction
Separately from the list, it is worth highlighting the possibility of death. To date, the liposuction procedure refers to measures of moderate complexity, with a mortality rate of 1 to 5000.
The most frequent deaths were recorded in the nineties, when the technology was not worked out enough, and too much fat was removed in one approach, which led to serious malfunctions in the body.
After a thorough study of all deaths, liposuction technology has been substantially changed and now fat removal is performed in several stages, which significantly reduces the possibility of complications.
Modern procedures for removing body fat are divided into several runs at intervals of at least 3-4 weeks from each other.
Violating these recommendations is dangerous for life and health, so you should not take unjustified risks and go to clinics where these conditions are not observed. The possibility of complications is very high.
The most common causes of death are:
- pulmonary embolism;
- tissue infection;
- trauma to the abdominal organs;
- individual intolerance to drugs.
- side effects of pain relief.
Also, the cause of death can be a number of diseases in which the procedure is contraindicated, and this:
- diseases of the cardiovascular system;
- chronic diseases of internal organs and their pathology;
- various disorders in the endocrine system, including diabetes;
- kidney and liver diseases;
- cancer at any stage;
- bleeding disorder;
- chronic infectious diseases;
- any disease in the acute stage .
Before the event, it is very important to provide the doctor with complete information about the state of health, as well as take tests, undergo drug tolerance testing and carry out a general examination of the body.
Fulfillment of such conditions will allow time to identify contraindications that can cause severe complications after liposuction and lead to death.
It is also not recommended to combine other surgical interventions with liposuction. This can cause an increased burden on the body and consequences that it cannot cope with even with timely medical attention.