Laser removal of atheroma is a modern solution to this problem. An operation of this kind takes a minimum of time, does not cause scarring and does not require complex rehabilitation. In addition, its implementation almost completely reduces the risk of re-formation of the tumor due to vascular sealing.
The nature of the formation of atheroma
Atheroma is a benign tumor. Most often, it forms on the head, neck and groin, that is, on areas of the skin covered with hair, less often appears on other areas of the face or body. The cause of the formation of atheroma is a blockage of the sebaceous gland and the onset of inflammatory processes in it.
Recognizing a tumor of this kind is quite easy: when pressed under the skin, a hard capsule is felt, inside of which there is a liquid. Initially, small in size, if untreated, it increases rapidly (individual specimens resemble a chicken egg). Education does not cause pain, and the skin above it does not change in structure (in half of cases, in the presence of pus, its color changes, cyanosis appears).
The need for treatment and its types
Treatment and removal of atheroma is mandatory. Although initially benign, it can be a health hazard. It is expressed in the following:
- the appearance of an unpleasant odor;
- breakthrough of the contents of atheroma and the formation of ulcers;
- degeneration of a tumor from benign to malignant.
Treatment of atheroma is carried out by removing it. It is carried out exclusively in a hospital; manipulations carried out on their own lead to complications, infection of the wound.
Modern aesthetic medicine practices the removal of a tumor by surgical, laser method or radio waves. The most advanced is considered to be a laser. In its pure form, it is used with an atheroma size less than 5 mm in diameter; in all other cases, complex laser and surgical exposure is practiced.
Preparing for the procedure
Laser or laser surgery requires some preparation. In particular, for 2 – 3 the day before the operation, alcohol, smoking, food and blood-thinning medications should be abandoned. Also, it is preliminary recommended to take tests for HIV, syphilis, hepatitis markers and visit a dermatologist to confirm the diagnosis.
Stages of the operation
Laser removal of atheroma is performed under local anesthesia and takes 1 – 1.5 hours. The operation involves the following required steps:
- antiseptic treatment and analgesia;
- laser skin dissection;
- evaporation of a capsule with liquid contents;
- treatment of the remaining cavity, sealing of blood vessels, in rare cases, suturing.
With a significant size of atheroma, surgery is performed both surgically and by laser. In this situation, manipulations are built according to the following algorithm:
- antiseptic skin treatment;
- general anesthesia;
- laser skin dissection;
- mechanical removal of the capsule;
- laser cavity treatment;
The rehabilitation period after the procedure is determined by the type of intervention and the anesthesia used. Immediately after the operation, a pit forms at the site of the atheroma, which is completely tightened during 2 – 3 weeks.
Laser removal of atheroma belongs to the category of minimally invasive and safe procedures. However, before the session, experienced surgeons always clarify the presence of possible contraindications for the patient, among which are:
- inflammatory processes on the skin at the location of the atheroma;
- fresh tan (obtained less than 2 weeks before the procedure);
- individual intolerance to laser radiation.
At the discretion of the doctor, the list of contraindications can be expanded.
Advantages and disadvantages
Most patients note the following advantages of such an operation:
- The absence of pain and discomfort during the procedure.
- No side effects and complications.
- Elimination of the risks of re-inflammation due to laser-sealed vessels.
- Contactless manipulation.
It should be noted that this type of surgery is not allowed to all patients. If the atheroma has reached a diameter of more than 2 centimeters, the laser is strictly contraindicated.
Laser removal of atheroma – Surgical operation to eliminate a benign tumor caused by blockage and inflammation in the sebaceous gland. It is carried out at small sizes, it is a non-contact and safe method that does not cause complications and scars. Rehabilitation after such an operation takes only a few days and requires special care for the problem area.