A person should perceive the appearance of any neoplasms on his face or body with caution and with caution. Still, because they not only pose a danger because of the possibility of rebirth, but also cause a certain discomfort in everyday life. Laser removal of neoplasms is one of the most popular ways to eliminate pathology; it is characterized by significant efficiency and safety.
Nature and types of neoplasms
It should be noted that any formations that appear on the skin can be classified as pathology, because they arise due to a violation of natural processes in the body. There are many types of benign neoplasms and only a specialist can accurately diagnose them. But it’s also useful for an ordinary person to know something about this. The following types are distinguished:
- Mole or nevus. It occurs in all people and is an accumulation of dark pigment – melanin in the skin. As a rule, these are dark spots that do not rise above the surface of the skin. There are congenital or arising under the influence of ultraviolet radiation or hormonal changes. They are not dangerous and do not require removal in the absence of changes for a long time.
- Warts A tumor of a viral nature (the cause of the formation is the human papillomavirus). It is a nodule or papilla located on the hands and feet, body and face. Warts can spread over the skin and complications often occur when injured. Similar nature and appearance are also papillomas and condylomas.
- Atheroma. Education provoked by blockage of the sebaceous gland. Clogging of the excretory duct leads to the formation of a cyst filled with sebum. It often appears in areas covered with hair, with mechanical pressure is accompanied by soreness. It can fester and be accompanied by the formation of ulcers.
- Keratoma. The surface formation of a dark color, with time increasing in size and peeling. It occurs under the influence of ultraviolet rays or as a result of natural age-related changes. The epithelium covering the affected area gradually keratinizes, forming dense areas. More commonly seen in people aged 35 years.
- Xanthelasma. They look like yellow skin plaques. It occurs due to diabetes mellitus or metabolic disorders. Due to the increase in the amount of lipids and cholesterol in the blood, these substances are deposited in the skin cells, forming a benign formation. Without treatment, they increase in size and affect nearby areas of the skin.
- Fatty or lipoma. Significant in size, a benign tumor formed from connective and adipose tissue. Education occurs due to the overgrowth of subcutaneous adipose tissue and is a painless, movable lump. Rarely degenerates and grows very slowly, appears on various parts of the face and body.
- Molluscum contagiosum. Smallpox virus disease. In appearance it resembles a nodule with a hollow in the center. Most often found on the hands, feet, in the intimate zone. They occur in large numbers and actively infect nearby areas.
The essence of the procedure and its main stages
Laser exposure eliminates tumors of any type in one or more sessions. The meaning of the procedures is to evaporate the tumor tissue and seal the vessels supplying it, the adjacent areas of healthy skin are not damaged. It should be noted that the result is eliminated only the education itself, but not the reason that led to its occurrence, and therefore the risk of relapse remains high.
All manipulations are carried out after anesthesia. Depending on the type of formation, either anesthetic cream or injections can be used, which provide a more pronounced result. Anesthesia takes effect within 10 minutes, after which direct treatment of the tumor is possible. With high skin sensitivity, burning, mild pain and a feeling of warmth are acceptable even after anesthesia.
The rehabilitation period after the procedure lasts up to 2 weeks. A small wound remains at the site of formation, which eventually becomes covered with a protective film – a crust. It is strictly forbidden to delete it, over time it will disappear on its own.
Laser control of neoplasms belongs to the category of minimally invasive and safe procedures for the patient’s health. The risks of bleeding and infection are minimized, since the light pulse can not only vaporize the tumor tissue, but also seal the blood vessels and disinfect the wound.
However, certain side effects still exist. So, in the first hours and days after exposure, mild hyperemia and swelling of the skin can be observed, weak soreness persists. Such a reaction lasts, as a rule, no more than a day, if complications remain after them, they should additionally consult a doctor.
In addition to special appointments, there are basic recommendations that every patient should follow, regardless of the type of tumor removed. So, it is not recommended to subject the wound to mechanical action, to wet it, to apply any cosmetic formulations on top of it. It is recommended to refrain from visits to the sauna and bath, as well as reduce physical activity, so as not to provoke increased sweating and secretion in the wound.
If necessary, the problem area is treated with mild antiseptic drugs (no alcohol and no peroxide), but sticking it with a band-aid or bandaging it with bandages is strictly not recommended, a constant flow of fresh air should be provided to the wound.
Complications after the procedure may be more significant if contraindications are neglected. So, laser exposure is not recommended for:
- Individual intolerance to light radiation.
- Blood clotting disorder.
- Diabetes mellitus.
- Pathology of the cardiovascular system.
If necessary, the list of restrictions can be expanded at the discretion of the surgeon.
Laser removal of tumors allows you to get rid of moles, warts and tumors of various nature without pain and harm to health. Depending on the type of pathology, the effect is carried out in one or several sessions, while the periods of rehabilitation or healing are minimized. The procedure is not accompanied by complications, side effects or pain, it is easily tolerated by most patients.