Aesthetic defects in appearance are the main cause of human complexes, and some of them can be not only visually unpleasant, but also dangerous to health. Such, of course, are hemangiomas – pathological tumors that occur in humans even in the mother’s womb. Laser hemangioma removal is one of the most advanced and modern methods that does not require special preparation and rehabilitation.
The nature of education and its features
Hemangioma is a type of angioma, a tumor of vascular nature. They are found quite often – about 5% of percent of newborns. The exact causes of their occurrence are not defined. Experts suggest that education occurs in a child in the first trimester of pregnancy due to infection by a woman. Sometimes over time, hemangiomas can resolve themselves, but in practice this rarely happens.
Hemangiomas come in several forms and it is often very difficult to classify them. Currently, experts distinguish the following types:
- Simple or capillary. It has a red or crimson color, clear edges and a smooth structure. It is mainly located above the surface of the skin and only slightly deepens into its inner layers. When pressed, it turns pale.
- Cavernous. Located under the skin. It resembles nodules and can have a variety of sizes. Color changes in the skin above it may be absent or expressed in a bluish-purple hue.
- Combined. It is a combination of the two forms described above, simple and cavernous.
- Mixed. It is a pathological vascular formation, which includes tumor cells of the connective or nervous tissue.
Such formations should not be considered completely harmless, in some cases hemangiomas can cause serious complications. Among them: functional impairment of adjacent internal organs, bleeding, infection, as well as scar formation.
Laser removal of hemangiomas requires minimal prior preparation. So, for starters, you should undergo a medical examination. It is possible to determine the characteristics of education (structure, volume and others) using ultrasound. Very large in size education require additional study (angiography).
Before the exposure, the specialist selects the appropriate type of anesthesia, it depends on the size of the hemangioma. If its size is minimal, it will be enough to use local anesthetic creams, if they exceed one centimeter in size, then an anesthetic injection is required. Unfortunately, it is impossible to completely abandon anesthesia, because the ongoing procedures are very painful.
During the procedure, the specialist launches a device that generates the required number of light flashes (laser pulses). The radiation is absorbed by the hemoglobin contained in the vessels of the hemangioma, is converted from light to heat, which contributes to their bonding, and the formation begins to lighten and decrease in size.
Upon completion of manipulations, a small amount of a healing ointment is applied to the hemangioma site (this may be Panthenol, other means of a similar principle of action).
It is rarely possible to eliminate the formation in full in one session, as a rule, laser correction implies a course course consisting of 2-10 sessions with breaks from 2 to 3 weeks.
Laser removal of hemangiomas in children is carried out according to the same algorithm and often does not require injection anesthesia. It is best to carry out a similar effect for children aged 3-4 years, if there is a need for earlier intervention requires detailed consultation with a number of medical specialists.
The procedure is tolerated by most patients relatively easily and is not accompanied by severe complications. The full rehabilitation period lasts up to 2 weeks, during which minor hemorrhage, redness of the skin, and mild swelling are possible. Such side effects do not require special treatment and go away on their own.
The passage of preliminary examinations is necessary to identify possible contraindications to the procedure. Experts do not recommend an intervention in the following cases:
- Systemic blood diseases (leukemia, hemophilia and others).
- Violation of cerebral circulation.
- Pathology of the heart and blood vessels.
- Hepatic and renal failure.
- Epilepsy, psychosis, other nervous disorders.
- Fever and fever.
Advantages and disadvantages of the procedure
Laser correction is considered the safest and most effective method of combating hemangiomas, as evidenced by the numerous positive reviews of both specialists and patients. So, it is customary to note the following advantages of such an impact:
- Efficiency of obtaining results, visible changes after the first procedure.
- The absence of severe complications.
- Short rehabilitation period.
- Affordable prices.
Unfortunately, certain disadvantages of the technique must be taken into account. So, often to obtain pronounced results, several procedures are required, and they are not available to everyone, since there is a long list of contraindications for laser therapy.
Laser hemangioma removal is a safe and effective method. The duration of the procedure is no more than 15-20 minutes and implies a light effect on the formation. The laser seals the blood vessels supplying the formation, so that it brightens and disappears. To achieve positive results, you may need to complete a course from 2-10 sessions.