Laser removal of varicose veins is a modern and safe way to defeat this dangerous ailment and get rid of excruciating pains. An operation of this kind is characterized by a short rehabilitation period, the absence of serious complications, and the prompt receipt of the desired results.
About the nature of the disease and indications for intervention
Laser correction of veins and blood vessels is carried out strictly according to indications. The most problematic pathologies requiring treatment are:
- expansion of saphenous veins;
- swelling and pain in the legs caused by circulatory disorders;
- soft tissue change of trophic nature;
- thrombophlebitis (in the acute stage).
In most cases, the occurrence of varicose veins is based on a genetic factor, less often – diseases of the circulatory system or sudden weight fluctuations.
Not only veins on the extremities undergo negative changes, but also vessels on the face. In such a situation, the removal of blood vessels on the face with a laser is relevant for:
- the presence of asterisks on the skin (a network of small, superficial vessels located close to the surface);
- red and venous nodules.
Such phenomena are explained by allergies, age-related changes, high blood pressure or hormonal changes. In rare cases, rosacea may occur due to frostbite.
Laser classifications for surgery
Laser removal of blood vessels is carried out on the basis of a neodymium and diode laser. Both are used for relatively small capillaries and are not suitable for varicose veins. The principle of their action is based on the absorption of impulses by hemoglobin, due to which they do not damage the surrounding soft tissue.
|Characterization||Diode laser||Neodymium laser|
|Indication||Hemangiomas and vessels on legs up to 2 mm in size||Capillaries, capillary nets and sprockets up to 4 mm|
|Duration of the course||Before 4 sessions, break between sessions – month||From 2 to 4 sessions, break from 21 to 60 days|
|Type of pain relief||Охлаждение||Cooling and local anesthesia|
A new generation of high-frequency lasers is used to treat varicose veins. Their use is not practiced by cosmetologists, the use is permissible in specialized centers.
|Characterization||Water laser||Hemoglobin laser|
|Morbidity||No||Discomfort, no severe pain|
|Side effects||Bruises and bruises occur in 4 of 10 cases||Bruises, hematomas in 9 of 10 patients, rarely thrombosis|
|Operating principle||Light pulses are absorbed by the water component of the blood||Light pulses are absorbed by hemoglobin.|
|Efficiency||The exact information is not fixed, in the process of studying||About xnumx percent|
Preparing for an operation
If vein treatment is necessary, preparation for surgery begins with a mandatory preliminary consultation. It is conducted by a phlebologist, who, according to the results of the examination and examination data, must answer the following questions:
- deep vein patency;
- current state of the valve apparatus;
- blood microcirculation level.
It is possible to obtain such information after a diagnosis (ultrasound, dopplerography).
For 2 weeks before the intervention, you should refuse to sunbathe, for 5 – 7 days to remove leg hair. On the day of the operation, special training is not required, no restrictions are set, however, if possible, dress in loose clothing made from natural materials to minimize irritation.
The principle of the operation
Laser removal of veins and blood vessels is called endovasal laser coagulation. Today, this procedure is positioned as a safe and effective alternative to surgical intervention. Manipulations are performed under local anesthesia, instead of an incision in the problem area, a puncture is made through which a special LED connected to a laser device is inserted into the affected vein or vessel. It is introduced strictly while conducting an ultrasound scan, allowing you to see the correct location of the sensor.
The length of the laser wave designed for sealed veins is 1500 nm. Its light is absorbed by hemoglobin or the water component of the blood, is converted into heat, which seals the vessel, preventing the circulation of blood in one single area.
To achieve the desired effect, one procedure is enough, in rare cases with complex lesions, treatment is carried out with a course of 3 – 5 sessions with breaks in 2 weeks.
Leave the clinic after treatment is allowed immediately, a full recovery takes place at home. Immediately after the operation, it is necessary to purchase and wear special compression underwear (tights or stockings). The first two days they are worn on an ongoing basis, from the third day they are used in the daytime, and removed at night. The next days, this underwear will be needed during periods of stress, walking, this mode will need to be observed for 2.5 – 3 months.
A few days after the operation, a phlebologist should be visited for additional consultation and assessment of the current condition. If necessary, the doctor gives the patient special recommendations. Do not be afraid to give a heavy load to the body, bed rest is strictly not recommended, to maintain proper condition you need to actively move (there are recommendations that you need to walk 5 km per day) without forgetting to wear compression clothes.
Before and after photos
Laser removal of veins and blood vessels is recognized by experts and it is no coincidence that patients are in demand. There are many reasons for this trend, among them:
- Persistent positive results, which can be evaluated immediately after the intervention.
- The opportunity to return to your usual lifestyle in 1 – 2 hours after the procedure.
- The minimum period of rehabilitation and the absence of special requirements for its implementation.
- Lack of scars, pain, negative effects on adjacent soft tissues.
- The duration of the manipulation is about one hour.
- The ability to process two legs in one session.
- The presence of control of the situation during the operation using ultrasound.
Rarely, but still you can find negative reviews about the correction of veins with a laser. The procedure is ineffective in two cases:
- the expansion of the mouth of the great saphenous vein by more than a centimeter;
- uneven course of the vein trunk, interfering with the sensor.
It should also be remembered that the intervention can cause the emergence and development of a number of complications.
Before the intervention, you need to make sure that there are no contraindications to its implementation. So, phlebologists do not recommend laser surgery for:
- the risk of blood clots;
- exacerbation of chronic pathologies;
- diabetes mellitus;
- constant disturbance of blood circulation in the lower extremities;
- the presence of inflammation in the problem area;
- significant expansion of veins (more than a centimeter);
- the impossibility of implementing recommendations for the rehabilitation period.
The operation should be postponed for 2 – 3 weeks in the presence of a recently obtained tan or taking antibiotics.
Removal of varicose veins with a laser on the legs, as well as small capillaries on the face It is a modern safe and effective procedure to avoid surgical intervention. The principle of such a procedure is based on the absorption of light pulses by hemoglobin, their conversion into heat, due to which the vessels are sealed and the blood flow in their place stops.