It is quite difficult to get rid of acne, surgery, or other exposure that has led to a violation of the integrity of the skin. Such marks on the skin are difficult to correct, not only at home, but also under the supervision of professionals. Fortunately, science does not stand still and modern solutions can get rid of scars without difficulty and in a short time. Such effective methods, of course, include laser resurfacing, the distinguishing features of which are: the absence of side effects, high effectiveness, a minimum of contraindications and a number of other positive characteristics.
When will the procedure be effective?
Let’s first talk about when laser resurfacing of scars is most relevant. In order to answer this question, it is necessary to clarify the nature of the occurrence and the specific variety of scars. So, it is customary to: highlight:
- Hypotrophic scars. They are hollows on the surface of the skin. Most often appear due to a past illness, for example, chickenpox with complications.
- Normotrophic scars. They are flat scars that merge with the skin. They are characterized by altered structure, density and appearance, have a whitish or pinkish color. As a rule, they arise due to mild mechanical trauma, respond well to treatment in the early stages of appearance.
- Hypertrophic scars. Form an elevation above the surface of the skin. The main cause of their occurrence is considered to be extensive, deep skin lesions (for example, keloid scars).
Laser resurfacing can be shown with any kind of scars, starting with the simplest and ending with the most complex. Reviews of experts indicate that the feasibility of such a technique is quite high in all these cases. In addition, the correction eliminates stretch marks, bumps, increased porosity and density.
The most important advantage of the laser is the ability to remove colloidal and keloid scars. Both of these phenomena are caused by serious mechanical trauma and improper wound healing. Such formations are not treated with cosmetic methods, but can be eliminated through aesthetic medicine and surgery.
Keloid scars are considered to be a variety of hypertrophic, they have similar, but more pronounced characteristics:
- elevation above the surface of the skin;
- significant size;
- moderate soreness in the first time after the appearance;
- cyanosis of the affected area or its pinkish-red hue;
- heterogeneous, tuberous structure.
As for colloidal formations, their distinguishing features are reddish or bluish color, soreness, slow progressive growth in size. In addition, sweat glands and hairs are absent at the site of colloidal scars.
Basic principles of laser exposure
Laser resurfacing of scars implies a comprehensive elimination of an existing problem. The specialist sets the basic parameters of the beam, its intensity and depth, so that the effect becomes the necessary accuracy and strength.
Positive changes that occur with damaged skin are explained by:
- softening the scar by repairing damaged cells;
- stimulation of internal renewal, enhanced production of collagen, elastin and other useful substances for healing and skin regeneration.
Laser resurfacing of scars can be carried out by two methods. Both techniques are characterized by a common principle of action, but this is where their common features end. It is customary to highlight:
- Erbium laser. Reviews of many experts contain the opinion that such a solution is a relic of the past. It is characterized by a small penetration depth (up to 1 microns) and the speed of exposure. After its use, certain side effects may occur, and healing lasts an extremely long time. Erbium fractional laser is one of the varieties of this technique, it is even considered more advanced, but it can also provoke local bleeding.
- Carbon dioxide laser (CO2). Belongs to the category of the latest developments. It has a significant penetration depth (up to 20 microns), a pronounced effect, additional positive properties (seals the skin). Setting the necessary parameters is the direct prerogative of a specialist.
The main stages of the procedure
Laser scar removal is carried out in several stages. 2 to 10 sessions may be required to achieve the desired results. The interval between procedures should be approximately 3-4 weeks.
One visit to a doctor usually does not take more than 40 minutes. During this time, the specialist performs local anesthesia, and if necessary, gives general anesthesia (with complex and large scars). As soon as anesthesia begins to act, the parameters are programmed and the problem area is processed. During the evaporation of the damaged cells, a slight burning sensation is felt, after the end of the manipulations the patient can immediately return to the usual affairs.
Side effects and rehabilitation
Skin recovery occurs quickly enough, in the first day after exposure, certain side effects may be observed. These include:
- moderate pain (can be removed with any analgesic pill);
- slight swelling;
- the appearance of a crust on the wound.
No special care is required. Try not to wet the wound, less likely to be in the sun, to avoid getting dirt or sweat on the affected area, do not use cosmetics to treat this area.
Laser resurfacing of scars has certain disadvantages, among which the presence of a number of mandatory contraindications. Fortunately, there are very few such restrictions and most patients have the opportunity to attend this effective procedure. The list of contraindications included:
- skin diseases in the acute stage (psoriasis, herpes and others);
- diseases of the circulatory system;
- feeding newborns with breast milk;
Advantages of the technique
To decide on the feasibility and necessity of laser correction, we specify the main advantages of the technique. Significant pluses include:
- the ability to work even with the most difficult cases;
- significant result;
- minimum side effects and contraindications;
- lack of special care after the procedure;
- lack of exposure to healthy tissues;
- the ability to eliminate formations in the face and body;
- skin disinfection, bloodless contact.
Before and after photos
Laser resurfacing price
Laser scar correction is a rather expensive procedure; the final price of exposure is formed on the basis of several factors. Among them:
- size, type and complexity of education;
- applied technique (fractional, carbonic, etc.);
- the availability of additional services (anesthesia, counseling).
Laser Scar Removal is a modern and effective method of treating formations of various nature. The basic principle of this procedure is to eliminate damaged cells and increase recovery processes in the middle layers of the dermis. The technique is distinguished by efficiency, a minimum of unpleasant consequences and high cost.