Vitamin B3 / PP, which is called niacin due to the large number of forms, nicotinamide is used in the medical and cosmetic industry. The beneficial properties of the vitamin are so unique that it is equated with a drug. The international name of the substance is nicotinic acid (in Latin “Acidum nicotinicum”).
The story of the discovery of niacin. Humanity had to survive in the development of new diseases. The vitamin formula was discovered in the nineteenth century to combat the severe disease of pellagra. This terrible disease developed in humans due to an inadequate standard of living, accompanied by hallucinations, depression, nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. Soon the pellagra was found in people who abuse alcohol. The literal translation of the B3 / PP vitamins is a warning pellagra.
Why does the body need niacin? The main function of vitamin PP is to participate in the course of redox processes. Thanks to the effect of the substance, the growth of body tissues is normalized, the metabolism of fat cells improves, the amount of cholesterol decreases, sugar and fats are processed into positive energy.
What is niacin prescribed for? Vitamin PP protects the body from the most complicated diseases: platelet, diabetes, hypertension, etc. Nicotinic acid is used to treat disorders of the nervous system, to combat migraine.
With a sufficient amount of vitamin PP in the body in humans, the gastrointestinal tract works without failures and pathological deviations. When inflammation occurs, the body fights the process, digests the food more easily, produces better gastric juice. B3 / PP has a positive effect on the functioning of the pancreas and liver. The leading place vitamin takes in the synthesis of hemoglobin, the production of red blood cells, in the ratio of hormones. Better substances regulating the level of cholesterol in the blood, not found.
Vitamin PP helps the body produce the right amount of energy, increases blood sugar during a catastrophic drop in its level, which helps fight diabetes and hypertension. The substance is prescribed to increase the metabolism of amino acids, and reduce the amount of triglycerides. In addition, niacin affects the protective properties of the pancreas, so problems with insulin do not threaten anyone who uses nicotinic acid.
Drink vitamin PP should be with problems with the nervous system, in cases of loss of concentration, manifestations of depression. Due to the prophylactic use of the drug can avoid the development of schizophrenia and other mental disorders.
- 1 Signs of excess and lack of niacin in the body
- 2 Vitamin B3 / PP content in food
- 3 Nicotinic acid in drugs
- 4 The use of niacin in medicine
- 5 Nicotinic acid in the beauty industry
- 6 Vitamin B3 / PP during pregnancy
- 7 Niacin in professional sports
Signs of excess and lack of niacin in the body
An adult to maintain the level of vitamin B 3 in the norm, it is recommended to use 20 mg substance per day. For children, the rate is set to 6 mg, depending on age. Doctors say that, unlike girls, boys of transitional age need an increased amount of nicotinic acid.
Women during pregnancy and lactation, protruding athletes consume vitamin PP in the amount of 25 mg per day.
Depending on the diet, the use of nutritional supplements, there is both a deficiency and an overdose in the body. The reaction to the drug is remotely reminiscent of allergies, so the benefits and harm of “nicotine” are regularly discussed in forums and chat rooms.
Symptoms of vitamin B3 / PP oversupply:
- disorders of the digestive tract;
- lack of appetite;
- muscle pain;
- sleep disorders;
Lack of vitamin B3 / PP in the body is manifested by the deterioration of the body:
- skin problems (redness, rash, desquamation, dermatitis, etc.);
- low blood sugar levels;
- painful sensations of the upper and lower limbs;
To replenish the supply of nicotinic acid, add to the usual diet foods with a high content of the substance. Despite cooking (frying, drying, canning), 90% of the vitamin remains intact. More information about the group of products with elevated levels of niacin will be described below.
An overdose of vitamin PP does not pose a risk to human health. Testing has shown that negative symptoms in the form of dizziness, reddening of the skin in the head area, numbness appear only after drinking vitamin on an empty stomach.
For therapeutic purposes, nicotinic acid is administered intravenously, in which case the blood pressure drops sharply. Do not be afraid of this symptom, because after a while the processes normalize, the side effects will disappear.
You should not use nicotinic acid on your own, as this is a drug whose purpose is controlled by a specialized physician.
With prolonged use of the drug the following symptoms are possible:
- deterioration of appetite;
- constantly headache;
- discoloration of urine;
- skin becomes yellowish;
- liver dystrophy develops.
To avoid such negative consequences, you should take a responsible approach to the use of the drug. Doctors recommend taking methionine and lipotropic drugs along with nicotinomide. The increased amount of methionine is contained in the following products:
- cottage cheese;
- a fish;
Nicotinic acid is a harmless vitamin, but not everyone can use it. Contraindications regarding the intake of vitamin PP are clearly spelled out in the instructions for use: liver disease, gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer, gout, chronic forms of hypertension and atherosclerosis.
This is not all that vitamin B3 is useful for.
Vitamin B3 / PP content in food
Most people do not even know what products contain nicotinic acid. The advantage in the amount of vitamin PP in animal products:
- lean pork;
- chicken breast;
- low-fat fish;
- chicken eggs;
Vitamin production is possible from the plant group of products:
- yeast, etc.
Medicinal plants are rich in vitamin PP, most of all:
- rose hips;
- burdock root;
- dandelion, etc.
Niacin is present in all product groups, but its level of digestibility is different. What is the difference? The vitamins of leguminous crops are easily assimilated by the body, and the cereals are hard. Synthesis of nicotinic acid occurs exclusively in the presence of the amino acid tryptophan, which is replenished in the body by consuming animal proteins.
Studies have shown that the quantitative determination of vitamin PP in food is determined by chemical, spectrophotometric and microbiological methods.
Nicotinic acid in drugs
The properties of vitamin B3 led to its popularity in the pharmaceutical industry. The release form of nicotinic acid has three variations:
- Ampoules The solution is developed to enter the drug intramuscularly. Injections are attributed to patients with gastrointestinal diseases. The advantage of this form is the immediate flow of the substance through the bloodstream into the cells where biochemical reactions take place.
- Capsules Appointed with vitamin deficiencies, because it is not always possible to replenish the necessary supply of vitamin with food. The medicine corrects this deficiency a week after the start of treatment.
- Pills. They have the same purpose as the capsule, are assigned to eliminate the shortage of niacin.
Vitamin PP storage: The sealed preparation is stored in a dry place where the sun’s rays do not fall. The shelf life of ampoules is four years, and the tablets are three. Before applying the substance, examine the date of its manufacture and the integrity of the package. The authenticity of the drug is confirmed by multi-stage laboratory studies.
The use of niacin in medicine
Due to the nature of the chemical structure, niacin (chemical formula C6H5NO2) is actively used in traditional medicine. Vitamin PP penetrates deep into the cells of the body, so the range of application of the vitamin is extremely wide.
Indications for the appointment of nicotinic acid is used:
- with violations of the digestive tract;
- with spinal hernia;
- in violation of the brain (memory impairment, inattention, confusion);
- in a depressed state;
- with angina;
- with diabetes mellitus acquired type;
- with alopecia;
- with osteoarthritis;
- with cardiovascular diseases;
- during menstruation;
- with multiple sclerosis;
- with vitamin deficiency (lack of vitamin B 3 / PP leads to a decrease in immunity);
- with osteochondrosis, in particular with cervical osteochondrosis;
- with pellagra. This disease occurs due to a deficiency of vitamin PP in the human body due to malnutrition. Pellagra is manifested in people suffering from alcoholism, chronic diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, but it is often found in pregnant women;
- in violation of the functionality of the small intestine;
- with pathological abnormalities in the liver, gallbladder, thyroid gland;
- with gastritis;
- with dysbacteriosis;
- with anorexia;
- with hereditary pathologies;
- with hypertension;
- with malignant tumors;
- during pregnancy and lactation;
- with headache.
Nicotinic acid will not be superfluous for people who use alcohol, oral contraceptives, for smokers it is completely irreplaceable. For children, vitamin B3 / PP is prescribed exclusively by the pediatrician when there is an urgent need.
Niacin helps fight secondary symptoms of illness. The drug is used for numbness of the fingers. To do this, you need to turn to intramuscular injections, they will save from chondrosis when used in conjunction with vitamin B and prozerin.
For the prevention of vitamin PP should be taken in pills, in the treatment of diseases it is better to use the liquid form of the drug. The treatment regimen and dosage of the drug are prescribed after clinical studies and patient history.
Nicotinic acid in the beauty industry
Vitamin b3 / PP is regularly used in cosmetology. With the help of drugs you can improve your health, improve your skin, hair condition. We propose to consider the popular applications of niacin.
Nicotinic acid is the main element in the nutritional and regenerative process of cells. In addition to the beneficial effects on the functionality of organs, niacin becomes a reliable assistant in the struggle for beauty and health of the skin, therefore, it is often used for rejuvenation.
With an insufficient amount of a substance in the body, the first signs appear on the skin: red spots, itching, decreased elasticity. If only you have noticed such problems, eat as much as possible products containing nicotinic acid, and use vitamin externally. With an integrated approach from acne will not remain a trace.
The world’s top companies in skin care cosmetics use 4% nicotinic acid. Vitamin is freely available in every pharmacy, so you can add it to your favorite cream yourself.
Effect of nicotinic acid for facial skin beauty:
- dilates blood vessels;
- improves blood circulation;
- removes excess fluid from tissues;
- has an anti-inflammatory effect;
- retains moisture necessary for tissues;
- promotes regeneration;
- cleans the skin and improves its color.
In clinical conditions, scientists have discovered another useful property – nicotinic acid minimizes the formation of skin cancer.
Skin cancer is less common in people using the properties of niacin. Reviews on how to use vitamin B3 to improve the condition of the face can be read on women’s forums.
Face Mask Recipe
Nicotinic acid ampoule is added to the usual lotion cream (1 ampoule for 50 facial remedy). Vitamin is applied as a standard cream, if necessary, washed off with warm water. It is advisable to mix the drug in a separate container of a small volume, since prolonged use of the vitamin leads to an overdose.
For hair growth
Nicotinic acid is considered a reliable means to accelerate hair growth. We warn that even minimal contact of the substance with the skin provokes an allergic reaction. Allergies in the form of reddening, slight turbidity will pass after 20 minutes, leaving no trace of themselves. Use the drug yourself carefully.
Sometimes people are skeptical about the properties of nicotinic acid because of the repulsive name. The substance is not related to smokers, forget about prejudice. Nicotine and nicotinic acid are not the same thing.
Niacin, due to its availability, has become widespread for home use. Women prepare healing masks, shampoos and scrubs on its basis. A couple of drops of nicotinic acid are added to your favorite shampoo and during each hair wash your hair feeds on vitamins.
The drug affects the scalp, because the strengthening of blood vessels. Nicotinamide gets on the scalp and instantly penetrates into the inner layer of the epidermis. With improved blood flow, vitamin PP goes to the bulb of each hair. Changes in the condition of the hair can be observed after five procedures. Folk remedies, despite the action, dry out hair at first or enrich it with an unpleasant odor. When a person falls out of his hair is ready to endure all the consequences, with “nicotine” you can not be afraid for such negative accompanying factors.
Vitamin PP is involved in the oxidative processes of the body, so the hair is a complex effect. Hair follicles feed on vitamin A and are saturated with oxygen. The main advantage of hair care nicotinic acid is moisturizing along their length. Dandruff disappears under the influence of a nutrient vitamin.
If you are wary of additives that are not provided by the manufacturer, drink nicotinic acid tablets. Thus, you affect hair growth, strengthen the condition of the body.
To get the desired result, it is recommended to undergo a comprehensive course of exposure to the hair: add niacin to the shampoo in liquid form and take the vitamin inside in capsules.
Nicotinic acid is considered a popular remedy for hair loss and baldness. Rapid hair loss is the main signal of a malfunction in the body, so the first thing to do is to be examined by a doctor, and in no case do not begin treatment without an appointment.
To stop hair loss, nicotinic acid is rubbed into the scalp on dry hair. Additional ingredients can improve the effect of the drug, with which the vitamin formula is combined:
- decoction of herbs;
- propolis tincture;
- vitamin E.
Compatibility of drugs contributes to the achievement of quick results in a short time. The course of treatment lasts for one month, only after consulting with the trichologist. The composition of the means for one rubbing is used only one ampoule of nicotinic acid. Vitamin is applied from the side of the temporal region, with massage movements go to the crown. Before the procedure, pour liquid into a syringe or pipette, so it is more comfortable to apply vitamin in even portions to the scalp.
It is necessary to use acid in ampoules immediately after opening, otherwise under the influence of air it loses its beneficial properties and becomes unsuitable for further use.
Carefully monitor the body’s response to vitamin PP in its pure form, if after the procedure the skin turns red, itchy, drink an anti-allergenic drug in the future, dilute the acid with purified water.
Recipes for hair masks based on nicotinic acid (analogues of expensive cosmetic products):
For its manufacture will need:
- 1 ampoule niacin;
- 1 vitamin E capsule;
- Linseed oil – 40 g;
- tincture of Eleutherococcus – 20
How to use: Mix the ingredients and apply to washed dried hair. An hour later, wash off the mask and wash your hair under running water.
Mask with aloe and propolis to strengthen hair:
- 40 g of nicotinic acid;
- aloe juice;
- propolis tincture.
Apply the mixture to your hair and wash it off in 40 minutes.
After using the “nicotine-based” masks, there will be a feeling that the scalp is “burning”. This indicates an improvement in blood flow to the hair follicles. When the head itches, this is also a sign of activation of the processes. After the 30-day course, a break of at least 4 is required.
The mechanism of action of niacin allows the use of vitamin for eyebrows and eyelashes. You can simply dissolve nicotinic acid in ampoules with a little water and this liquid to wipe your eyebrows in the morning and before bedtime. The current means to improve the growth of eyelashes and eyebrows is a special mask. For its manufacture will need:
- castor oil (1 ml);
- burdock oil (1 ml);
- Vitamin Aevit (2 capsules);
- nicotinic acid (a couple drops).
Mix all the ingredients and apply overnight on eyebrows and eyelashes. The results will not take long, be careful with the body’s response to individual components.
Useful V3 will be for men. It is used for the growth of beards and baldness. Recently, beard and mustache have become a trend in men’s fashion, so men should take care of their pride. It is better to apply gentle face packs to the face in order not to damage sensitive skin. From baldness, vitamin liquid is rubbed into problem areas with massage movements.
Nicotinic acid in the fight against excess weight
Vitamin B 3 / PP is the main element of metabolism, since nicotinic acid is able to regulate the metabolism of fats and carbohydrates that enter the body through food. Metabolism and weight of a person directly depends on metabolism.
Female representatives already know about the properties of niacin and use it for weight loss.
Nicotinamide is predominantly found in protein products. Another type of vitamin – coenzyme, speeds up the metabolism, reducing the action of harmful cholesterol in the body. There is a natural self-purification of the body from toxins and slags.
In addition to these advantages, nicotinic acid plays an important role in the formation of hormonal levels. Acid has detoxification properties, so it is recommended to use it after poisoning or excessive drinking. Useful will be a vitamin for blood vessels and their functionality.
It is scientifically confirmed that nicotinic acid helps to reduce weight. Vitamin PP provokes the body to produce a special substance serotonin. What is it for? The hormone is responsible for a good mood. Women admit that during their decadence they consume an excessive amount of food, in particular confectionery.
Vitamins should be taken in small doses and gradually increase the dose by 0,1 g once a day: take the nicotinic acid 0,1 g three times a day for the first five days, from the sixth to 0,2 g, etc. The daily rate as a result does not exceed 6 g of nicotinic acid per day. You need to take the vitamin immediately after eating and in no case should you drink hot drinks (tea, coffee).
Nicotinic acid displaces vitamin C from the body, therefore, ascorbic acid should be additionally taken in the form of pharmacological vitamins. How much to take a vitamin complex depends on the state of the body and obvious symptoms.
Niacin is a great anti-cellulite remedy. There is a lot of information on the Internet about how to take vitamin. To some extent, recommendations have a basis for existence, since the substance improves blood circulation. Due to contraindications in the instructions for vitamin B3, it is better to refuse to use it unnecessarily. Other methods will help get rid of cellulite at home: can massage, body wraps, contrast shower.
Carefully follow the dosages of vitamin PP to avoid overdose. Before you drink nicotinic acid, consult a doctor and carefully read the instructions for use, note the contraindications.
Vitamin B3 / PP during pregnancy
In gynecology, nicotinic acid is used to eliminate premenstrual syndrome, to combat spasm and severe hemorrhages. Vitamin B3 / PP has a positive effect on the body, but it is still not clear whether women can take nicotinic acid during pregnancy.
Instructions for use to the drug clearly states that during pregnancy and lactation vitamin is not consumed. Pregnancy does not always proceed smoothly, so no additional use of niacin is necessary.
Nicotinic acid is prescribed to pregnant women and lactating mothers in the following cases: multiple pregnancies;
- pathological processes in the liver, triggered by pregnancy;
- mother’s dependence on nicotine and certain drugs;
- abnormal functioning of the placenta.
Independently take vitamin PP in pregnancy without a doctor’s prescription is strictly prohibited. Overdose can adversely affect the development of the fetus. When breastfeeding to take vitamin can only if it is not contraindicated for infants.
With the controlled use of nicotinic acid, the expectant mother reduces spasms, improves blood circulation. With oxygen starvation of the fetus, niacin establishes the metabolic process and eliminates placental insufficiency. In severe cases, vitamin PP for pregnant women will help keep the pregnancy and give birth to a healthy baby. Antihypoxant in small doses will provide the fetus with the right amount of oxygen.
During pregnancy, nicotinic acid is prescribed to thin the blood to avoid the formation of blood clots. In this case, vitamin B3 is the prevention of preterm labor and possible complications.
A deficiency of nicotinic acid in the body of the future mother is manifested not only by hair loss, dry skin, but also has a negative effect on the psycho-emotional state of the woman. Scientific data on the change of mood of pregnant women from fun laughter to a depressive maiden confirmed that the lack of vitamin PP was to blame.
Niacin in professional sports
In small doses, nicotinic acid acts as a maintenance additive, and in excessive amounts it has a serious pharmacological effect. What is the “nicotine” athletes? Intravenous 10 mg mg of niacin increase the amount of growth hormone in the blood by half. Growth hormone triggers muscle growth and activates fat burning processes. In bodybuilding, professional athletes increase the dose of vitamin PP to 250 mg. The final dosage depends on the height, weight and age of the athlete. The table with numbers is freely available.
Among professional athletes, tacit rules have been developed on how to take vitamin B3 / PP:
- before intense cardio or strength training;
- before intensive fat burning training.
In other cases, taking nicotinic acid does not make sense. During the drying period, niacin is simply indispensable, but do not overdo it. How to use nicotinic acid in sports should be discussed with the doctor and trainer. Allergic reactions from overdose lead to undesirable effects before the day of performance. For athletes, not only the regimen, proper nutrition, exercise, but also the correctly selected vitamin complex is important.
Nicotinic acid is an affordable drug that will help prevent the development of serious diseases. Positive reviews confirm the positive effect of the vitamin on the condition of the skin, hair and the body as a whole.